विश्व फ़ोटोग्राफ़ी दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv fotografi divas
vishv fotografi divas
vivaran 'vishv fotografi divas' 19 agast ko manaya jata hai. fotografi ke madhyam se koee bhi vyakti apane ghar, parivar, rishtedar aur kabhi n bhool sakane vale palon ki tasviren lekar unhen sahej sakata hai.
tithi 19 agast
yogadan upabhoktavad aj ke samay men apani charam sima par hai, aise men grahak ko utpadan ki or khinchane men fotografi ka bhi bahut bada yogadan hai.
any janakari san 1834 men tel baaut ne lait sensetiv kagaz ka avishkar kiya, jisase khinche chitr ko sthayi roop men rakhane ki suvidha prapt huee.
adyatan‎

vishv fotografi divas (angrezi: World Photography Day) pratyek varsh 19 agast ko manaya jata hai. snsar men prakriti ne pratyek prani ko janm ke sath ek kaimara diya hai, jisase vah snsar ki pratyek vastu ki chhavi apane dimag men ankit karata hai. vah kaimara hai usaki 'ankh'. is drishti se dekha jae to pratyek prani ek fotografar hai. vaigyanik tarakki ke sath-sath manushy ne apane sadhan badhana prarnbh kiye aur anek avishkaron ke sath hi sath kritrim lains ka bhi avishkar hua. samay ke sath age badhate hue usane is lains se prapt chhavi ko sthayi roop se sahejane ka prayas kiya. isi prayas ki saphalata vale din ko ab "vishv fotografi divas" ke roop men manaya jata hai.

shuruat

sarvapratham 1839 men frans ke vaigyanik luees jekas tatha mende dagyure ne foto tatv ko khojane ka dava kiya tha. british vaigyanik viliyam henari phaauksatel bot ne negetiv-paaujitiv proses dhoondh liya tha. san 1834 men tel baaut ne lait sensetiv kagaz ka avishkar kiya, jisase khinche chitr ko sthayi roop men rakhane ki suvidha prapt huee. fransisi vaigyanik argo ne 7 janavari, 1839 ko phrench akadami aauf sains ke lie ek riport taiyar ki. frans sarakar ne yah proses riport kharidakar use am logon ke lie 19 agast, 1939 ko muft ghoshit kiya. yahi karan hai ki 19 agast ko vishv fotografi divas manaya jata hai.[1] fotografi ke madhyam se koee bhi vyakti apane ghar, parivar, rishtedar aur kabhi n bhool sakane vale palon ki tasviren lekar unhen sahej sakata hai.

fotografi ka yogadan

fotografi ka avishkar jahan snsar ko ek-doosare ke qarib laya, vahin ek-doosare ko janane, unaki snskriti ko samajhane tatha itihas ko samriddh banane men bhi usane bahut badi madad ki hai. aj snsar ke kisi doorasth kone men sthit dvip ke janajivan ki sachitr janakari badi asani se prapt hoti hai, to isamen fotografi ke yogadan ko kam nahin kiya ja sakata. vaigyanik tatha takaniki saphalata ke sath-sath fotografi ne bhi aj bahut tarakki ki hai. aj vyakti ke pas aise sadhan maujood hain, jisamen sirph batan dabane ki der hai aur minaton men achchhi se achchhi tasvir usake hathon men hoti hai. kintu sirph achchhe sadhan hi achchhi tasvir prapt karane ki gyarnti de sakate, to phir manav dimag ka upayog kyon karata? takanik chahe jaisi tarakki kare, usake pichhe kahin n kahin dimag hi kam karata hai. yahi farq manav ko any praniyon men shreshth banata hai. fotografi men bhi achchha dimag hi achchhi tasvir prapt karane ke lie zaroori hai.

achchha foto

hamen ankhon se dikhaee dene vale drishy ko kaimare ki madad se ek phrem men bandhana, prakash v chhaya, kaimare ki sthiti, thik eksapojar tatha uchit vishay ka chunav hi ek achchhe foto ko prapt karane ki pahali shart hoti hai. yahi karan hai ki aj sabhi ke gharon men ek kaimara hone ke bad bhi achchhe fotografar ginati ke hi hain. achchha foto achchha kyon hota hai, isi sootr ka gyan kisi bhi fotografar ko samany se vishisht banane ke lie paryapt hota hai. prakhyat chitrakar prabhu joshi ka kahana hai ki "hamen phrem men kya lena hai, isase jyada is bat ka gyan zaroori hai ki hamen kya-kya chhodana hai." bharat ke snbhavatah sarvashreshth fotografar raghuray ke shabdon men- "chitr khinchane ke lie pahale se koee taiyari nahin karata. main use usake vastavik roop men achanak kaindid roop men hi lena pasnd karata hoon. par asal chitr takaniki roop men kitana hi achchha kyon n ho, vah tab tak sarvamany nahin ho sakata, jab tak usamen vichar nahin hai. ek achchhi penting ya achchha chitr vahi hai, jo manaviy snvedana ko jhakajhor de. kaha bhi jata hai ki ek chitr hajar shabdon ke barabar hai."[1]

ajivika ka sadhan

upabhoktavad aj ke samay men apani charam sima par hai, aise men grahak ko utpadan ki or khinchane men fotografi ka bhi bahut bada yogadan hai. vigyapan ko akarshak banane ke lie fotografar jo sarthak prayatn kar raha hai, use apane dainik jivan men achchhi tarah anubhav kar sakate hain. isi prayas men fotografi ko ajivika ke roop apanane vale bahut bade logon ki snkhya khadi ho chuki hai. ye log n sirph fotografi se lakhon kama rahe hain, balki is kam men kalatmak tatha gunatmak uttamata ka samavesh kar 'jaaub setisphekshan' ki anubhooti bhi prapt kar rahe hain. apane avishkar ke lagabhag 100 varsh lnbe saphar men fotografi ne kee ayam dekhe hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 vishv fotografi divas (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 19 agast, 2013.

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