अन्तरराष्ट्रीय शिक्षक दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

antararashtriy shikshak divas
antararashtriy shikshak divas
vivaran 'antararashtriy shikshak divas' pratyek varsh 5 aktoobar ko manaya jata hai. vishv bhar men 'shikshak divas' alag-alag tithiyon par manaye jate hain.
tithi 5 aktoobar
shuruat 1994
uddeshy duniya men shiksha ka mahatv batane men shikshak ki bhoomika aur usaki jimmedariyon ko samajhane ke lie manaya jata hai.
vishesh sau polo, brazil ke ek chhote-se skool ke kuchh shikshakon ne 15 aktoobar, 1947 ko pahali bar shikshak divas ka ayojan kiya tha.
snbndhit lekh shikshak divas, sarvapalli radhakrishnan
any janakari 'antararashtriy shikshak divas' ke din kuchh deshon men avakash rahata hai, kintu baki deshon men us din rojamarra ki tarah hi kriyakalap hote hain aur kamakaj chalata rahata hai.

antararashtriy shikshak divas '5 aktoobar' ko manaya jata hai. bharat men shikshakon ko samarpit 'shikshak divas' 5 sitambar ko manaya jata hai. rochak bat yah hai ki 'shikshak divas' vishv ke adhikansh deshon men manaya jata hai, lekin sabane isake lie alag-alag din nirdharit kiye hue hain. isalie kuchh deshon men 'shikshak divas' vale din avakash rahata hai, kintu baki deshon men us din rojamarra ki tarah hi kamakaji din rahata hai.

itihas

yoonesko ne 5 aktoobar ko 'antararashtriy shikshak divas' ghoshit kiya tha. varsh 1994 se hi ise manaya ja raha hai. shikshakon ke prati sahayog ko badhava dene aur bhavishy ki pidhiyon ki avashyakataon ko poora karane ke lie shikshakon ke mahatv ke prati jagarukata lane ke makasad se is vishisht din ki shuruat ki gee thi. aj vishv bhar ke lagabhag sau deshon men yah divas manaya jata hai. is din skool-kaaulejon adi men apane adhyapakon tatha guruon ke samman men anek prakar ke karyakram adi ayojit kie jate hain.

tichars kaaulej aauf chili

10 disnbar, 1945 ke din chili ke mahanh kavi gabriela mistral ko nobel puraskar mila tha. is din ko yadagar banane ke lie 1974 men 10 disnbar ko 'shikshak divas' ke roop men manae jane ka nirnay liya gaya. lekin 16 aktoobar, 1977 ko tichars kaaulej ki sthapana ke bad se vahan 16 aktoobar ko 'shikshak divas' manaya jata hai.[1]

bharat men shikshak divas

svatntr bharat ke pahale uparashtrapati aur doosare rashtrapati sarvapalli radhakrishnan ka janm 5 sitnbar, 1888 ko hua tha, jis karan sarvapalli radhakrishnan ki yad men bharat men 'shikshak divas' manaya jata hai, kintu duniya bhar men shikshak ko mahatv dene ke lie aur shikshak ki jimmedariyon ko yad dilane ke lie 'vishv shikshak divas' manaya jata hai. 'vishv shikshak divas' ki visheshata yah hai ki sare snsar men shikshakon ki mahatta ko sthapit kiya ja sake. jahan bharat men 'shikshak divas' manane ka karan shikshakon ke mahatv ko badhava dena hota hai, vahin 'antararashtriy shikshak divas' duniya men shiksha ka mahatv batane men shikshak ki bhoomika aur usaki jimmedariyon ko samajhane ke lie manaya jata hai.

vishv men shikshak divas

vishv men 'shikshak divas' ke lie alag-alag din nirdharit hain-

  • 1994 se yoonesko men 'antararashtriy shikshak divas' manaya jata hai. samaj men shikshakon ke prati sahayog ko badhava diya jae aur shikshak ki jimmedariyon ka ahasas karane ke lie yoonesko men 'antararashtriy shikshak divas' ki shuruat ki gee thi.
  • chin ne bhi 1931 men 'shikshak divas' ki shuruat ki thi, par 1932 men chin ki sarakar ne chin men 'shikshak divas' manane ki anumati di aur yah tay kiya gaya ki 27 agast ko 'shikshak divas' manaya jaega. kintu bad men is ghoshana ko bhi vapas le liya gaya. varsh 1985 men yah ghoshana ki gee ki 10 sitambar ko 'shikshak divas' manaya jaega, lekin chin men aj bhi 'shikshak divas' ko lekar matabhed hai. chin men bahut se log yah chahate hain ki knphyooshiyas ka janmadin hi 'shikshak divas' ke roop men manaya jae.[2]
  • roos men pahale 'shikshak divas' aktoobar mahine ke pahale saptah ko manaya jata tha, lekin 1994 men yah tay hua ki roos men 'shikshak divas' 5 aktoobar ko manaya jaega.
  • amerika bhi 'shikshak divas' ko lekar kafi matabhedon men raha. amerika men pahale 'shikshak divas' ko lekar tarike badale ge, phir mee ke pahale saptah men 'shikshak divas' manana tay hua. aj bhi amerika men 'shikshak divas' poore saptah manaya jata hai.
  • eeran men bhi 'shikshak divas' manaya jata hai. ayatullah morteja ki hatya ke bad eeran men 2 mee ko 'shikshak divas' manaya jata hai. ayatullah morteja eeran ke mashahoor prophesaron men se ek the, jinaki yad men 2 mee ko eeran 'shikshak divas' manata hai.
  • 25 navambar ke din indoneshiya men 'hari guroo' ke nam se shikshak divas manaya jata hai.
  • chek ganarajy men 28 march ke din shikshak divas manaya jata hai, lekin is din koee khas ayojan nahin kiya jata. is din shikshak ek doosare ko upahar bhi dete hain.
  • singapur men 1 sitambar ko shikshak divas manaya jata hai. is din yahan chhutti hoti hai aur kisi bhi tarah ko khas ayojan nahin hota. shikshak divas se ek din pahale yahan sare ayojan kie jate hain aur adhe samay ke bad skoolon ki chhutti kar di jati hai.
  • arjentina ke sataven rashtrapati domingo phastino sarmiento ek mahanh vicharak, lekhak aur shikshavid ke roop men jane jate hain. apane karyakal ke dauran unhonne kee skool khulavae aur pustakalayon ki sthapana ki. laitin amerika ke tichar ke roop men pahachane jane vale domingo phastino ki 11 sitambar, 1888 ko mrityu ho gee. shiksha ke kshetr men unake bahumooly yogadan ke karan hi arjetina men 11 sitambar ko shikshak divas manaya jata hai.
  • aaustreliya men aktoobar ke antim shukravar, ikvador men 13 aprail, hngari men joon ke pahale shanivar aur polaind men 14 aktoobar ke din shikshak divas manaya jata hai.
  • al salvador men 22 joon ko manae jane vale shikshak divas ke din rashtriy avakash hota hai. oman, siriya, misr, libiya, katar, baharin, snyukt arab amirat, yaman, tyoonishiya, jaaurdan, sudi arab, aljiriya, morakko aur any islami deshon men 28 faravari ko shikshak divas ke roop men manaya jata hai.
sau polo men mana pahala shikshak divas

15 aktoobar, 1827 ke din predo-I ne brazil men prathamik skoolon ki sthapana sambndhi adesh diya tha. isi din ki yad men sau polo ke ek chhote se skool ke kuchh shikshakon ne 15 aktoobar, 1947 ko pahali bar shikshak divas ka ayojan kiya tha. dhire-dhire poore desh men shikshak divas manaya jane laga aur 1963 men adhikarik roop men is din ko shikshak divas ka darza de diya gaya.[1]

pahala albani skool

7 march, 1867 men albaniya men albani bhasha men pathan karane vala pratham skool khula tha, jisake karan yahan 7 march ko shikshak divas manaya jata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 balamuskan, gyan ki gnga (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 02 aktoobar, 2013.
  2. vishv shikshak divas (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 02 aktoobar, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

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