विश्व मलेरिया दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv maleriya divas
'vishv maleriya divas' ka logo
vivaran 'vishv maleriya divas' poore vishv men '25 aprail' ko manaya jata hai. 'maleriya' jaisi gambhir bimari ki or logon ka dhyan akrisht karane ke lie is divas ko manaya jata hai.
tithi 25 aprail
shuruat 2008
kya hai 'maleriya' yah ek prakar ka bukhar hai, jisamen bukhar thanh‍d (knpakapi) ke sath ata hai. yah bukhar mukhyat: snkramit mada enafilij machh‍chhar dvara katane par hota hai.
vishv svasthy sngathan ki riport 'vishv svasthy sngathan' ke ankadon ke anusar duniya men har varsh qarib 50 karod log maleriya se pidit hote hain; jinamen qarib 27 lakh rogi jivit nahin bach pate, jinamen se adhe panch sal se kam ke bachche hote hain.
vishesh bharat ke sat rajyon- andhr pradesh, bihar, gujarat, madhy pradesh, maharashtr, udisa aur rajasthan men maleriya par niyntran ke lie sarakar ne vishv baink ki madad se sitambar, 1997 se 'parishkrit maleriya niyntran karyakram' ki shuruat ki hai.
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any janakari maleriya ek vaishvik jan-svasthy samasya hai. 'vishv svasthy sngathan' ka kahana hai ki har sal maleriya ke karan vishv men ho rahi mauton ki or logon ka dhyan khinchane ke lie '25 aprail' ko 'vishv maleriya divas' ke roop men manaya ja raha hai.

vishv maleriya divas (angrezi: World Malaria Day) sampoorn vishv men '25 aprail' ko manaya jata hai. 'maleriya' ek janaleva bimari hai, jo machchhar ke katane se phailati hai. is bimari se pidit vyakti ko yadi sahi samay par uchit ilaj tatha chikitsakiy sahayata n mile to yah janaleva siddh hoti hai. maleriya ek aisi bimari hai, jo hazaron varshon se manushy ko apana shikar banati aee hai. vishv ki svasthy samasyaon men maleriya abhi bhi ek gambhir chunauti hai. pichhale do dashakon men hue tivr vaigyanik vikas aur maleriya ke unmoolan ke lie chalae ge vaishvik karyakramon ke bavajood is janaleva bimari ke ankadon men kami to aee hai, lekin abhi bhi is par poori tarah niyntran nahin paya ja saka hai.

shuruat

har din ka apana ek khas mahattv hota hai. phir chahe vah khushi ka din ho ya du:kh ka. 'vishv maleriya divas' ek aisa hi din hai, jise pahali bar '25 aprail, 2008' ko manaya gaya tha. yoonisef dvara is din ko manane ka uddeshy maleriya jaise khataranak rog par janata ka dhyan kendrit karana tha, jisase har sal lakhon log marate hain. is mudde par 'vishv svasthy sngathan' ka kahana hai ki maleriya niyntran karyakram chalane se bahut-si janen bachaee ja sakati hain.[1]

kya hai maleriya

'maleriya' ek prakar ka bukhar hai. isamen bukhar thanh‍d (knpakapi) ke sath ata hai. is bukhar ke mukhy lakshan hain- saradard, ulati aur achanak tej sardi lagana. maleriya mukhyat: snkramit mada enafilij machh‍chhar dvara katane par hi hota hai. jab snkramit mada enafilij machh‍chhar kisi svasth vh‍yakti ko katata hai to vah apane lar ke sath usake rakh‍t men maleriya parajiviyon ko pahuncha deta hai. snkramit machh‍chhar ke katane ke 10-12 dino ke bad us vh‍yakti men maleriya rog ke lakshan prakat ho jate hain. maleriya ke rogi ko katane par asnkramit mada enafilij machh‍chhar rogi ke rakt ke sath maleriya parajivi ko bhi choos lete hain v 12-14 dinon men ye mada enafilij machh‍chhar bhi snkramit hokar jitane bhi sh‍vasth manushh‍yon ko katate hain, unamen maleriya phailane men saksham hote hain. is tarah ek mada machchhar kee svasth logon ko bhi maleriya grasit kar deta hai.

'vishv svasthy sngathan' ki riport

'dablyooecho' (vishv svasthy sngathan) ki ek riport kahati hai ki sal 2000 se ab tak maleriya se hone vali mauton men 25 phisadi se jyada ki kami aee hai. isamen kaha gaya hai ki maleriya se sabase jyada prabhavit 99 men se 50 desh 2015 tak maleriya ke mamalon men 75 phisadi tak ki kami lane ke raste par hain. riport ke mutabik, is upalabdhi ke bavajood hakikat yah hai ki aj bhi duniya men maleriya se har sal qarib chhah lakh 60 hazar logon ki maut ho jati hai. inamen se jyadatar bachche hote hain. afrika ke up sahara kshetr men aj bhi maleriya ki vajah se sabase jyada bachchon ki jan ja rahi hai. 'dablyooecho' ka kahana hai ki duniya men har sal maleriya ke qarib 20 karod ne kes samane ate hain. sadhanon ki kami ke karan inamen se bahuton ko stariy ilaj tak nahin mil pata.[2]

bharat men maleriya ki sthiti

yadi gaur kiya jae to bharat ki svatntrata ke bad se ab tak hazaron log is bimari ki chapet men akar apani jan gnva chuke hain. maleriya ek jatil bimari hai. manav gatividhiyan aur prakritik apadaen, jaise- atyadhik varsha, badh, akal aur any apadaen is bimari ki snkraman kshamata ko teji se badhati hain. 'svasthy mntralay' ke 'rashtriy machchhar janit rog niyntran karyakram' (enavibidisipi) desh men prativarsh qarib 15 lakh maleriya ke marijon ki snkhya darj karata hai. inamen se 50 pratishat maleriya plajh‍modiyam phailsiparam machchhar ke katane se phailata hai. 'enavibidisipi' dvara jari pichhale 10 varsh ke akndon par agar gaur karen to maleriya se desh men varsh 2001 men 1005, 2002 men 973, 2003 men 1006, 2004 men 949, 2005 men 963, 2006 men 1707, 2007 men 1311, 2008 men 1055, 2009 men 1144 aur 2010 men 767 logon ki jan gee.

rashtriy maleriya niyntran karyakram

svatntrata ke bad maleriya par rokatham ke lie 'bharat sarakar' ne varsh 1953 men 'rashtriy maleriya niyntran karyakram' (enemasipi) chalane ke sath hi diditi ka chhidakav shuroo kiya tha, jabaki 'vishv svasthy sngathan' ke anurodh par varsh 1958 men 'rashtriy maleriya unmoolan karyakram' (enemeepi) aur age chalakar 'modifaid plan aauf aaupareshan' (emapio) nam se nee yojana shuroo ki gee.

bharat sarakar ke prayatn

hal ke varshon men udisa, jharakhand aur chhattisagadh se maleriya ke mamalon men teji se vriddhi huee hai. inake alava any rajyon men bhi is mahamari ka khatara bana hua hai. pichhale dashakon men shahari ilakon men bhi maleriya ke mamale teji se samane ae hain. maleriya ke prabhavi rokatham aur ilaj tak pahunch ke simit sadhan hone ki vajah se janajatiy logon aur garibon men is bimari ka khatara jyada bana rahata hai. sarakar ne emapio karyakram ke tahat maleriya phailane ki poorv soochana, shuroo men hi is bimari ki pahachan aur tvarit karravaee ke lie kadam uthane ki vyavastha ki hai. poorvottar ke sabhi rajyon ko sau pratishat madad dene ka bharosa aur logon ko jagarook karane ke lie deshabhar men 'maleriya virodhi mahina' ki shuruat ki gee hai. isake alava desh ke sat rajyon andhr pradesh, bihar, gujarat, madhy pradesh, maharashtr, udisa aur rajasthan men maleriya par niyntran ke lie sarakar ne vishv baink ki madad se sitambar, 1997 se 'parishkrit maleriya niyntran karyakram' ki shuruat ki hai.[3]

maleriya ka vahak, machchhar
  • maleriya ke machchharon ko nasht karane ke lie kitanashakon ke chhidakav aur jaiv paryavaran upayon ko apanane par jor diya gaya hai. svasthy mntralay ne deshabhar ke kul 53,544 up svasthy kendron par 53,500 purush svasthyakarmiyon ko tainat karane ka nirnay liya hai. poorvottar rajyon men khasakar meghalay ke shilang men kaksha panchavin ke vidyarthiyon ko maleriya ke prati jagarook karane ke lie unake bich kaaumik pustakon ka vitaran kiya gaya hai.

ullekhaniy tathy

  • '25 aprail' 'vishv maleriya divas' ka din hai, jab maleriya ko jad se mitane ke lie karagar kadam uthane ke bharasak prayason ko hari jhndi di gee thi. sath hi janata ko maleriya ke prati jagarook karane aur is rog par logon ka dhyan akarshit karane ki pahal ki gee thi.
  • maleriya poore vishv men mahamari ka roop dharan kar chuka hai. khasakar vikasashil deshon men maleriya kee marijon ke lie maut ka paigam banakar samane aya hai. machchharon ke karan phailane vali is bimari men har sal kee lakh log jan gavan dete hain. 'protojuan plajh‍modiyam' namak kitanu mada enophilij machchhar ke madhyam se phailate hai. ye machchhar ek snkramit vyakti se doosare tak kitanu phailane ka kam bhi karate hai.
  • yoonisef ka maleriya ko lekar kahana hai ki afrika ke kuchh deshon sahit any deshon men machchhar ke karan ho rahi mauton ko rokane ke aur adhik upay karane honge. isake alava gramin evn garib logon vale aise kshetron tak jyada pahunch badhani hogi, jahan maleriya ek bade khatare ka roop le chuka hai. yoonisef ke mutabik maleriya ko asani se mat di ja sakati hain, bas zaroorat hai vishv ko maleriya ke khilaf ekajut hone ki.
  • maleriya ek vaishvik jan-svasthy samasya hai. 'vishv svasthy sngathan' ka kahana hai ki har sal maleriya ke karan vishv men ho rahi mauton ki or logon ka dhyan khinchane ke lie '25 aprail' ko 'vishv maleriya divas' ke roop men manaya ja raha hai.
  • gauratalab hai ki pichhale kee salon se 'vishv svasthy sngathan' (dablyooecho) is din ko 'afrika maleriya divas' ke taur par manata tha, lekin duniya ke baqi hisson men bhi jagarookata lane ke lie ise vaishvik ayojan ka roop diya gaya.
  • 'vishv svasthy sngathan' ke ankadon ke anusar duniya men har varsh qarib 50 karod log maleriya se pidit hote hain; jinamen qarib 27 lakh rogi jivit nahin bach pate, jinamen se adhe panch sal se kam ke bachche hote hain.
  • machchhar maleriya ke roganu ka keval vahak hai. roganu machchhar ke sharir men ek parajivi ki tarah phailata hai aur machchhar ke katane par usaki lar ke sath manushy ke sharir men pahunchata hai. roganu keval ek koshiy hota hai, jise 'plasmodiyam' kaha jata hai.
  • roganu ki qism ke anusar maleriya ke tin mukhy prakar hain- 'maleriya tarshiyana', 'kvartana' aur 'tropika'. inamen sabase khataranak hai- 'maleriya tropika', jo 'pi.falsiperam' namak roganu se phailata hai aur bharat men bhi charon aur phaila hua hai.
  • maleriya ka snkraman hone aur bimari phailane men roganu ki kism ke adhar par 7 se 40 din tak lag sakate hain. maleriya ke shurooati daur men sardi-jukam ya pet ki gadabadi jaise lakshan dikhaee padate hain, isake kuchh samay bad sir, sharir aur jodon men dard, thnd lag kar bukhar ana, nabz tez ho jana, ubakaee, ulti ya patale dast hona ityadi hone lagata hai. lekin jab bukhar achanak se badh kar 3-4 ghnte rahata hai aur achanak utar jata hai, ise maleriya ki sabase khataranak sthiti mana jata hai.[4]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vishv maleriya divas (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 24 aprail, 2014.
  2. vishv maleriya divas (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 24 aprail, 2014.
  3. maleriya abhi bhi ek gambhir chunauti (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 24 aprail, 2014.
  4. vishv maleriya divas (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 24 aprail, 2014.

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