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हैफा दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

haipha divas
haipha smarak, dilli
vivaran 'haipha divas' bharat aur israyal men prativarsh manaya jata hai. israyali shahar haipha ko azad karane vale shahid javanon ki smriti men yah divas manaya jata hai.
tithi 23 sitambar
desh bharat, israyal
vishesh mashin gan aur topon se lais turkon aur jarmani ki sena par angrezon ki taraf se bhale aur talavaron vali hindustan ki tin riyasaton ki phauj bhari padi aur usane turkon v jarmani ko haipha chhodane par majaboor kar diya.
any janakari dilli sthit tin moorti bhavan ke samane sadak ke bich lagi tin sainikon ki moortiyan un tin ghudasavar rejimenton ki pratik hain, jinhonne apani jan nyauchhavar karake haipha shahar ko turkon se mukt karaya tha.

haipha divas (angrezi: Haifa Day) prativarsh bharatiy sena dvara 23 sitambar ko manaya jata hai. 23 sitnbar, 1918 men bharatiy javanon ne turki sena ke khilaf ladate hue israyal ke haipha shahar ko azad karaya tha. haipha par kabje ke lie ek taraf mashin gan aur topon se lais turkon aur jarmani ki sena thi to doosari taraf angrezon ki taraf se bhale aur talavaron vali hindustan ki tin riyasaton ki phauj thi. isake bavajood bharatiy sena turki aur jarmanon par bhari padi aur unhen haipha chhodane par majaboor kar diya. israyal men aj bhi is din ko 'haipha divas' ke roop men manaya jata hai. bharat men bhi sena is din ko manati hai.

haipha mukti

bharat ka sainik sena men naukari karane ke uddeshy se bharti nahin hota, vah bharti hota hai matribhoomi par apana sab kuchh nyauchhavar karane ke liye, apane kartavy path par adig aur anushasit rahate hue desh ki mitti ki raksha karane ke liye. bharatiy sena ke itihas men anaginat udaharan milenge, jinamen viparit paristhitiyon men dushman ko nakon chane chabavakar hamare javanon ne qile fateh kie hain. sirph bharat hi nahin, videshi dharati par bhi bharatiy javanon ne apane rakt se shaury gathaen likhakar is dharati ki an badhaee hai.

bharat men aise kam hi log honge, jinhen israyal ke philistin se sate haipha shahar ki azadi ke sngharsh men tin bharatiy rejimenton- jodhapur lansars, maisoor lansars aur haidarabad lansars ke apratim yogadan ke bare men pata hoga. british sena ke ang ke nate ladate hue in bharatiy rejimenton ne atyachari dushman ke chngul se haipha shahar ko svatntr karaya tha aur is sngharsh men 900 se jyada bharatiy yodghaon ne balidan diya tha, jinake smritishesh aj bhi israyal men sat shaharon men maujood hain aur maujood hai unaki gatha sunata ek smarak, jis par israyal sarakar aur bharatiy sena har sal 23 sitambar ko 'haipha divas' ke avasar par pushpanjali arpit karake un viron ko naman karati hai.

itihas

haipha mukti ki gatha kuchh is prakar hai. pratham vishv yudgh (1914-1918) ke samay aautoman yani usmani turkon ki senaon ne haipha shahar ko kabja liya tha. ve vahan yahoodiyon par atyachar kar rahi thi. us yudgh men karib 150,000 bharatiy sainik aj ke ijipt aur israyal men 15vin impiriyal sarvis kaivelari briged ke antargat apana ranakaushal dikha rahe the.
dilli sthit haipha smarak par ankit shahid bharatiy javanon ke nam
bhalon aur talavaron se lais bharatiy ghudasavar sainik haipha men maujood turki morchon aur maunt karamal par tainat turki topakhane ko tahas-nahas karane ke lie hamale par bheje ge. turki sena ka vah morcha bahut majaboot tha, lekin bharatiy sainikon ki ghudasavar tukadiyon, jodhapur lansars aur maisoor lansars ne vah shaury dikhaya, jisaka sashastr senaon ke itihas men koee doosara udaharan nahin hai. khasakar jodhapur lansars ne apane senapati mejar thakur dalapat sinh shekhavat ke netritv men haipha mukti men mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee.


23 sitambar, 1918 ko turki sena ko khadedakar mejar thakur dalapat sinh ke bahadur javanon ne israyal ke haipha shahar ko azad karaya. thakur dalapat sinh ne apana balidan dekar ek sachche sainik ki bahaduri ka asadharan parichay diya tha. unaki usi bahaduri ko sammanit karate hue british hukoomat ne unhen maranoparant "militari kras padak" arpit kiya tha. british sena ke ek bade adhikari karnal harvi ne unaki yad men kaha tha- "unaki mrityu keval jodhapur valon ke lie hi nahin, balki bharat aur poore british samrajy ke lie ek badi kshati hai." mejar thakur dalapat sinh ke alava kaiptan anoop sinh aur se. le. sagat sinh ko bhi 'militari kras' padak diya gaya tha. is yudgh men kaiptan bahadur aman sinh jodha aur daphadar jor sinh ko unaki bahaduri ke lie 'indiyan aaurdar aauf merit' padak die ge the.

aj bhi haipha, yarushalam, ramaleh aur khyat bich sahit israyal ke sat shaharon men bharatiy javanon ki yad basi hain. itana hi nahin, haipha nagar nigam aur usake up mahapaur ke prayason se israyal sarakar vahan ki skooli kitabon men bhi in vir bankuron par vishesh samagri prakashit karane ka phaisala kar chuki hai. isake lie haipha ke up mahapaur hedava alamog ki jitani prashnsa ki jae, kam hai. dilli ke bahut hi kam nivasi yah janate honge ki tin moorti bhavan ke samane sadak ke bich lagi tin sainikon ki moortiyan unhin tin ghudasavar rejimenton ki pratik hain, jinhonne apani jan nyauchhavar karake haipha shahar ko usmani turkon se mukt karaya tha.[1]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. haipha men aj bhi goonjati hai bharatiy sainikon ki shauryagatha (hindi) panchjanya.com. abhigaman tithi: 07 julaee, 2017.

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