केरल दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

India-flag.gif
keral divas
Kerala-Map.jpg
rajadhani tiruvanantapuram
rajabhasha(en) malayalam bhasha
sthapana 1 navnbar, 1956
janasnkhya 3,33,87,677[1]
· ghanatv 859[1] /varg kimi
kshetraphal 38,863 varg kimi
bhaugolik nirdeshank 8.5074°N 76.972 °E
· grishm 36.7 °C
· sharad 19.8 °C
zile 14[1]
mukhy paryatan sthal kovalam, varakala, alappujha, bekkal, munnar, kannoor
ling anupat 1000:1,084[1] ♂/♀
saksharata 93.91 [1]%
· stri 91.98%
· purush 96.02%
rajyapal pi. satashivam[1]
mukhyamntri pinaraee vijayan
lokasabha kshetr 20[1]
rajyasabha sadasy 9[1]
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎
Kerala-Seal.png

keral sthapana divas prativarsh '1 navnbar' ko manaya jata hai. keral bharat ke dakshin pashchim kone ka ek rajy hai. is rajy ko "gaads on kntri" bhi kaha jata hai. svatntrata prapti se poorv keral men rajaon ki riyasaten thin. halanki keral ka itihas eesaee yug tak ka hai, jabaki adhunik keral ko 1 navnbar, 1956 ko banaya gaya tha, jab sab rajyon ko bhasha ke adhar par punargathit kiya gaya. keral kee mayanon men baki bharat se alag hai.

snkshipt parichay

keral ka kshetraphal 38,863 varg ki.mi. hai. rajy ki sima ek or se samudr ke sath aur isake alava karnatak aur tamilanadu se bhi judi hai. tiruvanntapuram jise trivendram bhi kahate hain, keral ki rajadhani hai aur isaka kovalam samudr tat duniya bhar men mashahoor hai. svatntrata prapti se poorv keral men rajaon ki riyasaten thin. 1 julaee 1949 men tiruvitankoor aur kochin riyasaton ko jodakar 'tirukochchi' rajy ka gathan kiya gaya. us samay malabar pradesh madras rajy (vartaman tamilanadu) ka ek jila matr tha. 1 navnbar 1956 men tirukochchi ke sath malabar ko bhi joda gaya aur is tarah vartaman keral ki sthapana huee. is prakar 'aiky keralam' ke gathan ke dvara is bhoobhag ki janata ki dirghakalin abhilasha poorn huee.

itihas

aj ke keral ki snskriti yahan duniya bhar se ae rajavnshon aur akar base vibhinn snskriti ke logon ke asar se bani hai. keral ke musalaman un arab vyapariyon ke vnshaj hain, jo yahan ae aur vivah karake yahin bas ge. yahoodi logon ke yahan ane ke bad ae arab hi pahali muslim lahar yahan lekar ae. arab hi pahale the, jinhonen is up-mahadvip men pahali masjid banavaee jo kodungallur men bani. malabar kshetr men yah log kendrit hote ge aur 18vin sadi tak yah jyadatar khetihar majadoor, chhote vyapari aur zamorin sena men sainik the.

duniya men pahali bar sanh 1957 men lokatantrik tarike se ek marksavadi sarakar banane se keral ka nam itihas men darj ho gaya. rajy men vamapnthi soch ka kaphi asar hai. keral ki saksharata dar bharat men sabase adhik hai aur shishu mrityu dar desh men sabase kam hai aur purushon ke mukabale mahilaon ki abadi adhik hai. yah sab tathy is rajy ke bare men kaphi kuchh bayan karate hain. isaki tulana aksar vikasit deshon ke samaj se ki jati hai.

samaj aur snskriti

shiksha, saksharata aur svasthy ke mamale men keral ka samaj bharat ka sabase unnat samaj hai. yahan tak ki keral ka phisikal kvaliti aaph laiph indeks bhi sabase uncha hai. keral ke logon ka svabhav hamesha se ghumntu raha hai, isalie yahan ke log is dharati ke lagabhag sare desh ghoom chuke hain. bharatiy aur dravid snskriti ka hissa hokar bhi malayali snskriti ka apana khud ka ek rng hai. isaki vajah yahan ki vishisht bhaugoliy sthiti hai. poorv men pashchimi ghat se ghira aur pashchim men arab sagar se ghira keral lnbe samay tak dvip ki tarah ekantamay raha. isaka natija inaki alag bhasha, kapade, snskriti aur snsthaon men dikhata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Home (angrezi) (ech.ti.em.el) keral ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 20 janavari, 2014.

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