अभियंता दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

abhiynta divas
mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya
vivaran bharat men 'abhiynta divas' 'bharataratn' prapt prasiddh abhiynta mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya ki smriti men 15 sitambar ko manaya jata hai.
tithi 15 sitambar
shuruat 1968
smriti divas mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya
vishesh bharat men mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya ko adhunik bharat ke vishvakarma ke roop men bade samman ke sath smaran kiya jata hai.
any janakari is din bharatiy abhiynta mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya ke adarshon ke prati shraddha-suman arpit kar apane kary-kalapon ka atm vimochan karate hain aur apane dayitvon evn kartavyon ka samarpit bhav se nirvahan karane ka snkalp lete hain.

abhiynta divas bharat men pratyek varsh '15 sitambar' ko manaya jata hai. isi din bharat ke mahanh abhiynta aur 'bharataratn' prapt mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya ka janm divas hota hai. aj bhi mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya ko adhunik bharat ke vishvakarma ke roop men bade samman ke sath smaran kiya jata hai. apane samay ke bahut bade injiniyar, vaigyanik aur nirmata ke roop men desh ki seva men apana jivan samarpit karane vale daau. mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya ko bharat hi nahin, varanh vishv ki mahanh pratibhaon men gina jata hai.

abhiyntaon ka snkalp divas

ek sau ek varsh ka yashasvi jivan jine vale mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya sadaiv bharatiy akash men apana prakash bikherate rahenge. bharat sarakar dvara 1968 ee. men daau. mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya ki janm tithi ko 'abhiynta divas' ghoshit kiya gaya tha. tab se har varsh is punit avasar par sabhi bharatiy abhiynta ekatrit hokar unaki preranadayini krititv evn adarsho ke prati shraddha-suman arpit kar apane kary-kalapon ka atm vimochan karate hain aur ise snkalp divas ke roop men manane ka pran lete hain. snkalp apane dayitvon evn kartavyon ka samarpit bhav se nirvahan karate hain.

bharat ki azadi ke bad naye bharat ke nirman aur vikas men pratibhavan injiniyaron ne bhi mahatvapoorn yogadan diya hai. ganv evn shaharon ke samagr vikas ke lie sadakon, pul-puliyon aur sinchaee jalashayon sahit adhosnrachana nirman ke anek kary ho rahe hain. hamare injiniyaron ne apani kushalata se in sabhi nirman karyo ko gati pradan ki hai. rajy aur desh ke vikas men injiniyaron ke is yogadan ke sath-sath 'abhiynta divas' ke is mauke par 'bharataratn' sar mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya ki preranadayak jivan gatha ko bhi yad kiya jata hai.

mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya - snkshipt parichay

vishveshvaraiya ka janm maisoor, jo ki ab karnatak men hai, ke 'muddenahalli' namak sthan par 15 sitambar, 1861 ko hua tha. bahut hi garib parivar men janme vishveshvaraiya ka balyakal bahut hi arthik snkat men vyatit hua tha. unake pita vaidy the. varshon pahale unake poorvaj andhr pradesh ke 'mokshagundam' namak sthan se maisoor men akar bas gaye the. mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya ne prarnbhik shiksha janm sthan se hi poori ki. age ki padhaee ke lie unhonne bngaloor ke 'sentral kaaulej' men dakhila liya. lekin yahan unake pas dhan ka abhav tha. at: unhen tyooshan karana pada. vishveshvaraiya ne 1881 men bi.e. ki pariksha men avval sthan prapt kiya. isake bad maisoor sarakar ki madad se injiniyaring ki padhaee ke lie poona ke 'sains kaaulej' men dakhila liya. 1883 ki el.si.ee. v eph.si.ee. (vartaman samay ki biee upadhi) ki pariksha men pratham sthan prapt karake apani yogyata ka parichay diya. isi upalabdhi ke chalate maharashtr ki sarakar ne inhen nasik men sahayak injiniyar ke pad par niyukt kiya tha.

inhen bhi dekhen: mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya

karnatak ka bhagirath

dakshin bharat ke maisoor, karnatak ko ek vikasit evn samriddhashali kshetr banane men mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya ka abhootapoorv yogadan raha hai. takariban 55 varsh pahale jab desh svntatr nahin tha, tab 'krishnarajasagar bandh', 'bhadravati ayaran end stil v‌rks', 'maisoor sndal aauyal end sop phaiktari', 'maisoor vishvavidyalay', 'baink aauph maisoor' samet any kee mahanh upalabdhiyan mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya ke kade prayas se hi snbhav ho paee. isilie inhen karnatak ka bhagirath bhi kahate hain. jab vah keval 32 varsh ke the, unhonne sindhu nadi se sukkur kasbe ko pani ki poorti bhejane ka plan taiyar kiya, jo sabhi injiniyaron ko pasnd aya. sarakar ne sinchaee vyavastha ko durust karane ke upayon ko dhoondhane ke lie samiti banaee. isake lie vishveshvaraiya ne ek ne blaauk sistam ko eejad kiya. unhonne stil ke daravaze banae, jo ki bandh se pani ke bahav ko rokane men madad karata tha. unake is sistam ki prashnsa british adhikariyon ne muktaknth se ki thi. aj yah pranali poore vishv men prayog men laee ja rahi hai. vishveshvaraiya ne 'moosa' v 'isa' namak do nadiyon ke pani ko bandhane ke lie bhi plan taiyar kie. isake bad unhen maisoor ka chif injiniyar niyukt kiya gaya.

rochak tathy

mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya ke jivan se jude kuchh mahattvapoorn tathy bhi hain, jo aj kisi bhi abhiyanya ko prerana pradan karane ki abhootapoorv samarthy rakhate hain. inamen se kuchh is prakar hain-

  • ek bar kuchh bharatiyon ko amerika men kuchh phaiktariyon ki kary pranali dekhane ke lie bheja gaya. phaiktari ke ek aauphisar ne ek vishesh mashin ki taraf ishara karate hue kaha- "agar ap is mashin ke bare men janana chahate hain, to apako ise 75 phut oonchi sidhi par chadhakar dekhana hoga". bharatiyon ka pratinidhitv kar rahe sabase umradaraj vyakti ne kaha- "thik hai, ham abhi chadhate hain". yah kahakar vah vyakti teji se sidhi par chadhane ke lie age badha. jyadatar log sidhi ki oonchaee se dar kar pichhe hat ge tatha kuchh us vyakti ke sath ho lie. shighr hi mashin ka nirikshan karane ke bad vah shakhs niche utar aya. keval tin any logon ne hi us kary ko anjam diya. yah vyakti koee aur nahin balki daau. mokshagundam vishveshvaraiya the, jo ki sar em.vi. ke nam se bhi vikhyat the.
  • jab bharat men angrezon ka shasan tha, khachakhach bhari ek relagadi chali ja rahi thi. yatriyon men adhikatar angrez the. ek dibbe men ek bharatiy musaphir gnbhir mudra men baitha tha. sanvale rng aur mnjhale kad ka vah yatri sadharan veshabhoosha men tha, isalie vahan baithe angrez use moorkh aur anapadh samajh rahe the aur usaka majak uda rahe the. par vah vyakti kisi ki bat par dhyan nahin de raha tha. achanak us vyakti ne uthakar gadi ki jnjir khinch di. tej raphtar men daudati vah gadi tatkal ruk gee. sabhi yatri use bhala-bura kahane lage. thodi der men gard bhi a gaya aur usane poochha- "jnjir kisane khinchi hai?" us vyakti ne uttar diya- "mainne khinchi hai." karan poochhane par usane bataya- "mera anuman hai ki yahan se lagabhag ek pharlang ki doori par rel ki patari ukhadi huee hai." gard ne poochha- "apako kaise pata chala?" vah bola- "shriman! mainne anubhav kiya ki gadi ki svabhavik gati men antar a gaya hai. patari se goonjane vali avaj ki gati se mujhe khatare ka abhas ho raha hai."

gard us vyakti ko sath lekar jab kuchh doori par pahuncha to yah dekhakar dng raha gaya ki vastav men ek jagah se rel ki patari ke jod khule hue the aur sab nat-bolt alag bikhare pade the. doosare yatri bhi vahan a pahunche. jab logon ko pata chala ki us vyakti ki soojhaboojh ke karan unaki jan bach gee hai to ve usaki prashnsa karane lage. gard ne poochha- "ap kaun hain?" us vyakti ne kaha- "main ek injiniyar hoon aur mera nam hai daau. em. vishveshvaraiya." nam sun kar sab stabdh rah ge. darasal us samay tak desh men daau. vishveshvaraiya ki khyati phail chuki thi. log unase kshama mangane lage. daau. vishveshvaraiya ka uttar tha- "ap sab ne mujhe jo kuchh bhi kaha hoga, mujhe to bilkul yad nahin hai."


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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