विश्व मानवाधिकार दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv manavadhikar divas
'vishv manavadhikar divas'
vivaran 'vishv manavadhikar divas' pratyek varsh 10 disambar ko manaya jata hai. kisi bhi insan ki zindagi, azadi, barabari aur samman ka adhikar hai- "manavadhikar".
manane ki tithi 10 disambar
shuruat 10 disambar, 1948
vishesh bharat men 28 sitnbar, 1993 se manav adhikar qanoon amal men aya. 12 aktoobar, 1993 men sarakar ne 'rashtriy manav adhikar ayog' ka gathan kiya.
any janakari 'bharatiy snvidhan' manavadhikar ki n sirf garnti deta hai, balki ise todane vale ko adalat saja bhi deti hai. snvidhan ke anuchchhed 14,15,16,17,19,20,21,23,24,39,43,45 desh men manavadhikaron ki raksha karane ke sunishchit hain.

vishv manavadhikar divas pratyek varsh 10 disambar ko manaya jata hai. is mahattvapoorn divas ki ninv vishv yuddh ki vibhishika se jhulas rahe logon ke dard ko samajh kar aur usako mahasoos kar rakhi gee thi. 'snyukt rashtr sngh' ki mahasabha ne 10 disambar, 1948 ko sarvabhaumik manavadhikar ghoshanapatr ko adhikarik manyata pradan ki thi. tab se yah din isi nam se yad kiya jane laga. kisi bhi insan ki zindagi, azadi, barabari aur samman ka adhikar hai- "manavadhikar". 'bharatiy snvidhan' is adhikar ki n sirf garnti deta hai, balki ise todane vale ko adalat saza deti hai.

shuruat

10 disambar, 1948 ko 'snyukt rashtr mahasabha' ne vishv manavadhikar ghoshana patr jari kar pratham bar manavadhikar v manav ki buniyadi mukti par ghoshana ki thi. varsh 1950 men 'snyukt rashtr' ne har varsh ki 10 disambar ki tithi ko 'vishv manavadhikar divas' tay kiya. 65 varsh se pahale hua parit 'vishv manavadhikar ghoshana patr' ek mil ka patthar hai, jisane samriddhi, pratishtha v shantipoorn sah astitv ke prati manav ki akanksha pratibinbit ki hai. aj yahi ghoshana patr 'snyukt rashtr sngh' ka ek buniyadi bhag hai.[1]

kya hai 'manav adhikar'

kisi bhi insan ki zindagi, azadi, barabari aur samman ka adhikar hai- "manavadhikar". 'bharatiy snvidhan' is adhikar ki n sirf garnti deta hai, balki ise todane vale ko adalat saja deti hai. bharat men 28 sitnbar, 1993 se manav adhikar qanoon amal men aya. 12 aktoobar, 1993 men sarakar ne 'rashtriy manav adhikar ayog' ka gathan kiya. ayog ke karyakshetr men nagarik aur rajanitik ke sath arthik, samajik aur sanskritik adhikar bhi ate hain, jaise- bal mazadoori, echaeevi/eds, svasthy, bhojan, bal vivah, mahila adhikar, hirasat aur muthabhed men hone vali maut, alpasnkhyakon aur anusoochit jati aur janajati ke adhikar adi.[2]

'vishv manavadhikar ghoshana patr' ka mukhy vishay shiksha, svasthy, rojagari, avas, snskriti, khadyann v manornjan se judi manav ki bunayadi mangon se snbndhit hai. vishv ke bahut se kshetr garibi se pidit hai, jo badi snkhya vale logon ke prati buniyadi manavadhikar prapt karane ki sabase badi badha hai. un kshetron men bachche, varishth nagarikon v mahilaon ke buniyadi hiton ko sunishchit nahin kiya ja sakata. is ke alava naslavad v naslavad bhed manavadhikar kary ke vikas ko badi chunauti de raha hai.

manavadhikar - auchity aur svaroop

manav ke janm lene ke sath hi usake astitv ko banaye rakhane ke lie kuchh adhikar usako svatah mil jate hain aur vah unaka janmasiddh adhikar hota hai. is duniya men pratyek manushy ke lie apani buniyadi zarooraton ko poora karane ke lie adhikar ek manushy hone ke nate prapt ho jata hai. chahe vah apane hak ke lie bolana bhi janata ho ya nahin. ek navajat shishu ko doodh pane ka adhikar hota hai aur tab vah bolana bhi nahin janata. lekin man usako svayn deti hai aur agar nahin deti hai to usake gharavale, daauktar sabhi usako isake lie kahate hain, kyonki ye us bachche ka hak hai aur ye use milana hi chahie. ek bachche ke astitv ko banaye rakhane ke lie ye zaroorat sabase ahamh hoti hai. lekin usake bade hone ke sath-sath usake adhikar bhi badhane lagate hain. bachche ke padhane-likhane aur apani paravarish adi ke lie usako samuchit suvidhaen aur vatavaran dena bhi zaroori adhikaron men ata hai. unhen atm-samman ke sath jine ke lie, apane vikas ke lie aur age badhane ke lie kuchh halat aise chahie, jisase ki unake raste men koee vyavadhan n aye. poore vishv men is bat ko anubhav kiya gaya hai aur isilie manaviy moolyon ki avahelana hone par ve sakriy ho jate hain. isake lie hamare snvidhan men bhi ullekh kiya gaya hai. snvidhan ke anuchchhed 14,15,16,17,19,20,21,23,24,39,43,45 desh men manavadhikaron ki raksha karane ke sunishchit hain. sirph itana hi nahin, is disha men ayog ke atirikt kee enajio bhi kam kar rahe hain aur sath hi kuchh samajasevi log bhi is disha men akele hi apani muhim chala rahe hain.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vishv manavadhikar divas (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 10 disambar, 2013.
  2. kya hai manav adhikar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 10 disambar, 2013.
  3. vishv manavadhikar divas (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 10 disambar, 2013.

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