विश्व बाघ दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv bagh divas
bagh
vivaran bagh snrakshan ke prati jagarookata badhane ke lie 'vishv bagh divas' yani 'antarrashtriy bagh divas' manaya jata hai.
tithi 29 julaee
uddeshy is divas ka uddeshy baghon ke prakritik avason ki suraksha aur bagh snrakshan ke muddon par logon ko jagaruk karana hai.
shuruat 2010
any janakari varsh 2010 men roos ke sent pitarsabarg men hue bagh sammelan men 29 julaee ko antarrashtriy bagh divas manane ka nirnay liya. is sammelan men 13 deshon ne bhag liya tha aur unhonne 2022 tak baghon ki snkhya men doguni badhottari ka lakshy rakha tha.

vishv bagh divas (angrezi: World Tiger Day) poore vishv men prativarsh 29 julaee ko manaya jata hai. varsh 2017 men is divas ka vishay tha- "Fresh Ecology For Tiger Protection". baghon ke snrakshan ke bare men jagarookata phailane ke lie is divas ko manaya jata hai. 'varlh‍d vailh‍d laeeph phnd' ke anusar poore vishh‍v men tin hazar ath sau nabh‍be bagh bache hain, jinamen sabase jh‍yada dhaee hazar bagh bharat men hain. inake astitv par lagatar khatara mndara raha hai aur yah prajati vilupt hone ki sthiti men hai.

shuruat

varsh 2010 men roos ke sent pitarsabarg men hue bagh sammelan men 29 julaee ko antarrashtriy bagh divas manane ka nirnay liya. is sammelan men 13 deshon ne bhag liya tha aur unhonne 2022 tak baghon ki snkhya men doguni badhottari ka lakshy rakha tha. bagh jngal ke svasthy evn shakahari vany praniyon ki upalabdhata darshate hain. jahan jngal achchha hoga, vahan bagh hoga. bhojan shrinkhala ke vyavahar par bagh aur jngal ki sthiti ka pata chalata hai. inake snrakshan ke lie kee desh muhim chala rahe hain, lekin phir bhi paryavaranavidon ka manana hai ki yadi inaki snkhya ghatane ki raphtar aisi hi rahi to ane vale ek-do dashak men bagh ka namo nishan is dharati se mit jaega. ap aur ham, jis bagh ko dekhakar dar jate hain aur unaki garaj sunakar achchhe-achchhe kanp jate hain, aj unake khud ke astitv par khatara mndara raha hai.

baghon ki snkhya

jngalon ke katan aur avaidh shikar ke karan baghon ki snkhya tezi se kam ho rahi hai. 'varld vaild laiph phnd' aur 'global taigar phoram' ke 2016 ke ankadon ke mutabik, poori duniya men lagabhag 6000 bagh hi bache hain, jinamen se 3891 bagh bharat men hain.

bharat ka rashtriy pashu

bagh ko bharat ka rashtriy pashu kaha jata hai. bagh desh ki shakti, shan, satarkata, buddhi aur dhiraj ka pratik hai. bagh bharatiy upamahadvip ka pratik hai aur uttar-pashchimi kshetr ko chhodakar poore desh men paya jata hai. shushk khule jngal, nam-sadabahar van se lekar maingrov daladalon tak isaka kshetr phaila hua hai. lekin rashtriy pashu bagh ko aeeyoosien ne lupt hoti prajati ki list men rakha hua hai. vanon men shikar aur jaruri snsadhanon men ki kami ke karan desh men baghon ki snkhya men gnbhir giravat aee hai. raauyal bngal taigar ko rashtriy pashu ghoshit kie jane ke bad 1972 men 'bharatiy vanyajiv snrakshan adhiniyam' ko lagoo kiya gaya. is vanyajiv snrakshan adhiniyam ke tahat sarakari ejensiyan bngal baghon ke snrakshan ke lie koee bhi sakht kadam utha sakati hai.

bharat men raauyal bngal taigars ki vyavaharyata ko banae rakhane aur unaki snkhya men vriddhi karane ke uddeshy se 1973 men 'projekt taigar laaunch' kiya gaya tha. maujooda samay men bharat men 48 bagh udyan hain, jinamen se kee jiaeees pranali ka istemal kar baghon ki snkhya men vriddhi karane men saphal rahe hain. in udyanon men baghon ke shikar ko lekar kaphi sakht niyam banaye ge hain. sath hi isake lie ek samarpit task phors ki bhi sthapana ki gee hai. ranathambhaur rashtriy udyan isaka ek shanadar udaharan hai.

prajatiyan

poori duniya men baghon ki kee tarah ki prajatiyan milati hain. inamen 6 prajatiyan mukhy hain. inamen saiberiyan bagh, bngal bagh, indochainij bagh, malayan bagh, sumatra bagh aur sauth chaina bagh shamil hain.[1]

bngal taigar

bngal taigar ya penthera tigaris, prakriti ki sabase adbhut rachanaon men se ek hai. yah bagh parivar ki ek up-prajati hai aur bharat, bangladesh, nepal, bhootan, myanmar evn dakshin tibbat ke kshetron men paee jati hai. isake shaury, sundarata aur balashali roop ko dekhate hue bngal taigar ko rashtriy pashu ke samman se navaza gaya hai. mans khane vale stanadhari jivon men bagh ke kainain dant sabase lambe hote hain. yah dant 4 inch tak badh sakate hain, jo babbar sher ke kainain danton se bhi bade hain. in shaktishali jivon ke pas andar se bahar jane vale pnje bhi hoten hain, jo unhen chadhaee karane men sahayata karate hain. any jivon ki apeksha baghon ki dekhane aur sunane ki shakti kahin jyada hoti hai.

indochainij taigar

indochainij taigar bagh ki yah prajati knbodiya, chin, barma, thaeelaind aur viyatanam men paee jati hai. is prajati ke bagh pahadon par hi rahate hain.

malayan taigar

malayan taigar yah prajati malay prayadvip men paee jati hai.

saiberiya taigar

saiberiya ke sudoor poorvi ilake amar-usar ke jngalon men paee jane vali bagh ki prajati hoti hai. yah uttar koriya ki sima ke pas uttar-poorvi chin men hunchun neshanal saiberiyaee taigar nechar rijarv men kuchh snkhya men hain aur inaki kuchh snkhya roos ke sudoor poorv men bhi paee jati hai.

sauth chaina taigar

sauth chaina taigar is prajati ke nar baghon ki lnbaee 230 se 260 sentimitar aur vajan lagabhag 130 se 180 kilogram hota hai. vahin, mada bagh ki lnbaee 220 se 240 sentimitar aur vajan lagabhag 100 se 110 kilogram hota hai.

sumatran taigar

ye bagh sirph sumatra aisalaind men pae jate hain. 1998 men ise ek vishisht up-prajati ke roop men soochibaddh kiya gaya tha. yah prajati bhi bharat ki luptapray prajatiyon men shamil hai.


varsh men ek din yani 29 julaee ko baghon ke nam isalie kiya gaya hai ki bahut teji se ghatati baghon ki snkhya par sabaka dhyan jae aur bagh ke snrakshan ki or dhyan diya ja sake. vishv bhar se 97 pratishat bagh khatm ho chuke hain aur lagabhag 3000 hi kul jivit bache hain. inaki snkhya kam hone ke kee karan hain, jaise- jngalon ka simatana, global varming, lagatar shikar karana adi. inaki teji se ghatati snkhya ko niyntrit karana bahut zaroori hai, nahin to ye khatm ho jaenge. bagh ek tarah ka jngalon men rakha khula sona hai. taskar in baghon ka shikar karate hain, kyonki inaki khal, dant, haddiyan adi bahut mahngi hoti hain. inhen khel, shikar, parnpara aur davaiyon ke makasad se mar diya jata tha, par ab inaka shikar karane valon ko varshon jel ki saza hoti hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. akele bharat men hain sabase jyada taigar, jane khas baten (hindi) m.navodayatimes.in. abhigaman tithi: 30 julaee, 2017.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah