विश्व पोलियो दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv poliyo divas
vishv poliyo divas
vivaran 'vishv poliyo divas' pratyek varsh '24 aktoobar' ko manaya jata hai, kyonki aktoobar mah men hi jonas saauk ka janm hua tha, jo varsh 1955 men poliyo ki pahali vaiksin ka avishkar karane vali tim ke pramukh the.
tithi 24 aktoobar
uddeshy is divas ka mukhy uddeshy poliyo jaisi bimari ke vishay men logon men jagarookata phailana hai.
vishesh 'vishv svasthy sngathan' ne 2012 ke prarambh men bharat ko poliyo grasit deshon ki soochi se hata diya. yadi 2014 tak is bimari ka koee naya mamala samane nahin ata hai to bharat ko adhikarik roop se poliyo mukt ghoshit kar diya jaega.
any janakari bharat men poliyo ke ekamatr mamale ki soochana 13 janavari, 2011 ko pashchim bngal ke havada se prapt huee thi, jabaki 2010 men isi avadhi ke dauran 39 mamale prakash men ae the.

vishv poliyo divas pratyek varsh '24 aktoobar' ko manaya jata hai. is divas ko manaye jane ka mukhy uddeshy poliyo jaisi bimari ke vishay men logon men jagarookata phailana hai. poliyo ek snkramak bimari hai, jo poore sharir ko prabhavit karati hai. is bimari ka shikar adhikanshat: bachche hote hain. poliyo ko 'poliyomailaitis' ya 'shishu angaghat' bhi kaha jata hai. yah aisi bimari hai, jisase kee rashtr buri tarah se prabhavit ho chuke hain. halanki vishv ke adhikatar deshon se poliyo ka khatma poori tarah se ho chuka hai, lekin abhi bhi vishv ke kee deshon se yah bimari jad se khatm nahin ho payi hai.

poliyo kya hai?

poliyomailaitis athava poliyo ek snkramak rog hai, jo vayaras ke dvara phailata hai. yah lakshan samany se tivr ho sakate hain aur isamen am taur par tangon men lakava ho jata hai. poliyo ka vayaras munh ke raste sharir men pravishth‍ hota hai aur anton ko prabhavit karata hai. vayaray ke sharir men pravesh karane ke kuchh hi ghnton bad isase pakshaghat tak ho sakata hai. aisa bhi ho sakata hai ki yah lakshan tin se panch dinon men pradarshit hon.

lakshan

poliyo ki bimari men mariz ki sthiti vayaras ki tivrata par nirbhar karati hai. adhikatar sthitiyon men poliyo ke lakshan 'phloo' jaisai hi hote hain, lekin isake kuchh samany lakshan is prakar hote hain-

  1. pet men dard hona
  2. ultiyan ana
  3. gale men dard
  4. sir men tez dard
  5. tez bukhar
  6. khana nigalane men kathinaee hona
  7. jatil sh‍‍thitiyon men hriday ki mans-peshiyon men soojan a jati hai.

vaiksin ka avishkar

prati varsh '24 aktoobar' ko 'vishv poliyo divas' ke roop men manaya jata hai, kyonki isi mahine men jonas saauk ka janm hua tha. jonas saauk varsh 1955 men pahali poliyo vaiksin ka avishkar karane vali tim ke pramukh the. poliyo rodhak dava ki kuchh boonde bachchon ko pilaee jati hain. kee deshon men poliyo se nijat dilane ke lie yah vaiksin bahut mahattvapoorn sabit huee hai.

bharat men poliyo ki sthiti

'vishv poliyo divas' ka uddeshy poliyo unmoolan ke lie kie ja rahe prayason ke prati logon ko jagarook banana hai. bharat men poliyo ka antim mamala janavari, 2011 men samane aya tha. 'vishv svasthy sngathan' (dablyooecho) ne varsh 2012
poliyo drap pita bachcha
ke prarambh men bharat ko poliyo grasit deshon ki soochi se hata diya, aur varsh 2014 tak is bimari ka koee naya mamala samane nahin ata hai to use adhikarik roop se poliyo mukt ghoshit kar diya jaega. duniya bhar men varsh 2011 men poliyo ke 467 mamalon ki tulana men 24 aktoobar, 2012 tak keval 170 mamale hi prakash men ae hain.

bharat men poliyo ke ekamatr mamale ki soochana 13 janavari, 2011 ko pashchim bngal ke havada se prapt huee thi, jabaki 2010 men isi avadhi ke dauran 39 mamale prakash men ae the. uttar pradesh (aprail, 2010 ke bad) aur bihar (sitnbar, 2010 ke bad) se pahali bar poliyo ke kisi bhi mamale ki soochana nahin mili hai. ek varsh se taip-3 poliyo ka koee bhi mamala samane nahin aya hai. poliyo unmoolan ke sarvadhik najadik pahunch chuke bharat sarakar ke 'svasthy aur parivar kalyan mntralay' ne poliyo ke kisi bhi taja mamale ko 'jan svasthy apat sthiti' ke roop men ilaj karane ka nirnay liya hai taki bharat men jald se jald poliyo unmoolan ke lakshy ko prapt kiya ja sake. sabhi uchch jokhim vale kshetron men bachchon ke bhitar pratirodhak ka nirman karane aur poliyo ke kisi bhi mamale ke samane ane par tatkal gahan tikakaran abhiyan chalane ke lie apat tatparata aur pratikriya yojana taiyar ki gee hai.

poliyo mukti hetu yojanaen

poliyo se grasit bachche

'svasthy aur parivar kalyan mntralay' ne ek apat tatparata aur pratikriya yojana (eepiarapi) taiyar ki hai. bharat men sabhi rajy apani eepiarapi taiyar kar rahe hain. is yojana ke hisse ke roop men tvarit pratikriya dal ka gathan pahale hi kiya ja chuka hai aur niyamit tikakaran ko aur adhik vistrit karane hetu kadam uthane ke lie uchch jokhim vale zilon, blaaukon, ganvon ki pahachan ki ja rahi hai. poliyo ko rokane se snbndhit upayon, jaise- saph-saphaee, hath dhone aur jink tatha oares ke istemal ke zarie dayariya prabndhan ko bhi majaboot kiya ja raha hai. "har bachcha har bar" se lekar "mera bachcha har bar" sndesh ke sath navin poliyo tikakaran abhiyan ko disha di gee hai. sabhi abhibhavakon ko yah navin abhiyan apane bachche ko poliyo se bachav ke lie protsahit karata hai.

ghoomntoo bachchon, jaise- pravasi, khanabadosh, nirman sthalon aur eeton ke bhatton men kam karane vale logon tatha holi, divali aur chhath jaise tyoharon par apane bachchon ke sath apane prant lautane vale logon ke bachchon ko poliyo se bachav ke lie vishesh abhiyan chalae ja rahe hai . rashtriy tatha antarrashtriy visheshgyon aur snsthaon dvara bharat ki pragati aur prayason ki sarahana ki gee hai. poliyo unmoolan ke lie bharat men visheshgy salahakar samooh ne julaee men karyakram ki samiksha ki thi aur is bat ka ullekh kiya tha ki poliyo unmoolan ki disha men bharat sahi rah par hai. vaishvik poliyo unmoolan ke 'antarrashtriy nigarani bord' (aeeemabi) ne apani aktoobar ki riport men kaha hai ki 2011 men poliyo ke prasar ko rokane men bharat sahi disha men karyarat hai.[1]

  • poliyo jaisi khataranak bimari ko pun: prakat hone se rokane ke lie har sal bharat sarakar do 'rashtriy pratirakshan divas' ayojit karati hai. har bar qarib 170 miliyan bachchon ko pratirakshan diya jata hai. svasthy karyakarta bhi ghar-ghar jakar pata lagate hain ki kya bachchon ko khurak di ja chuki hai. poliyo ke prati jagarukata phailana bhi kafi mahatvapoorn hai aur yah vah abhiyan hai, jise jane-mane logon dvara sakriyatapoorvak pracharit kiya gaya hai, in logon men baaulivud abhineta amitabh bachchan bhi shamil hain, jinaka kathan 'do boond jindagi ki' kafi prasiddhi pa chuka hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharat men poliyo mukti ka ab tak ka sarvadhik dirghakalik daur (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 10 sitambar, 2013.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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