विश्व हृदय दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv hriday divas
vishv hriday divas
vivaran 'vishv hriday divas' sare vishv men manaya jata hai. dil se judi bimariyon tatha use svasthy rakhane ke sambndh men hi is divas ko manaya jata hai.
tithi 29 sitambar
shuruat varsh 2000 se
uddeshy hriday rog poore vishv men aj ek gnbhir samasya hain. har sal 'vishv hriday divas' ke madhyam se poore vishv ke logon men isake bare men jagarookata phailaee jati hai.
hriday rog ke karan nishkriy jivan shaili, atyadhik tanav, haiparatenshan, madhumeh, adhik dhoomrapan, motapa, vasayukt bhojan. aise logon ko adhik khatara hota hai, jinaka kolestrol, traeeglisaraid aur vieladiel, eladiel adhik hota hai.
any janakari hriday ke sath hone vali chhedachhad ka hi natija hai ki aj vishv bhar men hriday rogiyon ki snkhya badh gee hai. ek anuman ke anusar, bharat men 10.2 karod log is bimari ki chapet men hain.

vishv hriday divas (angrezi: World Heart Day) pratyek varsh '29 sitambar' ko manaya jata hai. avyavasthit jivan shaili aur asntulit khanapan ke chalate duniya bhar men hriday rog ke piditon ki snkhya teji se badhi hai. bhagati-daudati jindagi men logon ko apane svasthy ki or dhyan dene ka mauka nahin milata, jisaka unhen bhari khamiyaja chukana padata hai. hriday rog visheshgyon ke anusar dil ki bimari kisi bhi umr men kisi ko bhi ho sakati hai, isake lie koee nirdharit umr nahin hoti. mahilaon men hriday rog ki snbhavanaen jyada hoti hain, bavajood isake ve is bimari ke jokhimon ko najarandaj kar deti hain. aj ki bhagadaud bhari jindagi men ek dil hi hai, jis par sabase adhik bojh padata hai. tanav, thakan, pradooshan adi kee vajahon se rakt ka adan-pradan karane vale is ati mahatvapoorn ang ko apana kam karane men mushkil hoti hai, isilie 'vishv hriday divas' logon men yah bhavana jagrit karata hai ki ve hriday ki bimariyon ke prati sachet rahen.

shuruat

duniya bhar men har sal hone vali 29 pratishat mauton ki ek pramukh vajah hriday ki bimariyan aur hridayaghat hain. hriday ki bimariyon aur dil ke daure se har sal 1.71 karod se jyada logon ki maut ho jati hai. am logon ko in bimariyon v dil ke svasthy ka khas khyal rakhane ke prati jagaruk karane ke makasad se varsh 2000 men 'vishv hriday divas' manane ki shuruat ki gee. ab tak sitambar ke antim ravivar ko 'vishv hriday divas' manaya jata raha tha, lekin 2014 se ise 29 sitambar ke din hi manaya jaega. 'vishv svasthy sngathan' (dablyooecho) ki bhagidari se svaynsevi sngathan 'varld hart phedareshan' har sal 'vishv hriday divas' manata hai.[1] badhate hriday rogon ki snkhya aur piditon ki vajah se hi snyukt rashtr ne sal 2000 se har sal 29 sitnbar ko 'vishv hriday divas' ke roop men manane ka nirnay liya. sal 2009 aur 2010 men snyukt rashtr ne 'vishv hriday divas' ki thim 'aauphis men hriday svasth' thi aur is sal isaki thim hai 'van varld, van hom, van hart' yani 'ek snsar, ek ghar aur ek dil', jisake dvara snyukt rashtr har vyakti ko apane hriday ke prati jagarook banana chahata hai.[2]

uddeshy

hriday rog poore vishv men aj ek gnbhir bimari ke taur par ubhara hai. har sal 'vishv hriday divas' ke madhyam se poore vishv ke logon men isake bare men jagarookata phailaee jati hai. apane desh men to ab kam umr ke log bhi is bimari ke shikar ho rahe hain. is bimari ki sabase badi vajahon men se ek hai 'tanav'. tanav hriday ka sabase bada dushman hai. aj ki bhagadaud vali jivan shaili men logon men tanav kuchh jyada hi badh gaya hai. isalie is bimari se poori tarah bachana to mushkil hai, lekin jahan tak snbhav ho, isase doori banae rakhani chahie.

tanav ke samay avashyakata hoti hai ki ham apane hriday ki avaj sunen, hriday ko durust rakhane ke lie tanav door bhagaen. tanav ke karan mastishk se jo rasayan sravit hote hain, ve hriday ki poori pranali kharab kar dete hain. tanav se ubarane ke lie yog ka bhi sahara liya ja sakata hai. hriday hamare sharir ka aisa ang hai, jo lagatar pnp karata hai aur poore sharir men rakt pravah ko snchalit karata hai. hriday snchar pranali ke madhy men hota hai aur dhamaniyon aur nason jaisi rakt vahiniyan ashuddh rakt ko sharir ke har bhag se hriday tak le jati hain aur shuddh rakt ko hriday se sharir ke har bhag tak pahunchati hain.

hriday ke rog

aj yuvaon men hridayaghat aur hriday ki bimariyon ki badhati snkhya chinta ka vishay ban rahi hain. pahale jahan 30 se 40 varsh tak ke bich hriday ki samasyaen anki jati thin, aj yah 20 varsh se kam umr ke logon men bhi hone lagi hain. aise men hriday ki samasyaon se bachane ka ek hi upay hai ki ap khud apani kuchh samany janch karen aur hriday snbndhi samany samasyaon ko bhi gnbhirata se len. hriday ke sath hone vali chhedachhad ka hi natija hai ki aj vishv bhar men kee tarah ke hriday rog dekhane ko mil rahe hain. ek anuman ke anusar bharat men 10.2 karod log dil ke marij hain. poori duniya men 1.73 karod log har varsh is bimari ke shikar hokar mar jate hain. yadi halaton par kaboo nahin kiya gaya to 2020 tak har tisare vyakti ki maut hriday rog se hogi. mana jata hai ki uchch rakt chap 'madhumeh (daibitij) ka sahi niyntran n karane evn gussa ya chinta adhik karane vale logon ko jald hridayaghat hone ki ashnka hoti hai. isalie isase bachav ke lie kafi kuchh parahej rakhane ki jarurat hai.

sath hi ajakal ham apana adhikatar samay aauphis men bitate hain, jahan adhik sharirik kary karane ki jagah adhikatar log sirph baithakar apana kam karate hain. is sthiti men sharir nishkriy jivan shaili ka adi ban jata hai. aj ke yuva aauphis men to baithe-baithe kaaufi pite hain aur phir ghar par bhi rat ko der tak tivi dekhakar subah der se jagate hain. phir subah aauphis pahunchane ki bhagamabhag men vyayam nam ki bala se pala hi nahin padata. aise men hriday rogon ki sambhavana badh jati hai.

hridayaghat ki sambhavana

"umr badhane ke sath dil ka daura bhi padata hai...", ham yahi manakar chalate hain. lekin yah sach nahin hai. sabhi boodhon ko dil ka daura nahin padata. darasal, dil ke daure ki ninv bachapan men hi pad jati hai. yah samasya salon tak chupachap andar hi andar kam karati rahati hai aur ek din dil ke daure men tabdil ho jati hai. dil ki sehat se jude kuchh tathyon ko ham jan len to adhi ladaee jit jate hain. bas, isake lie apani jivan shaili men kuchh parivartan karana zaroori hote hain. sach to yah hai ki hamare desh men dil ke dauron ke lie khanapan ki galat adaten aur asvasthyakar jivan shaili mukhy roop se jimmedar hai. jnkaphood bhi jimmedar hai. 'sarkuleshan' jarnal men chhapi ek riport ke mutabik jo log apane bhojan men atyadhik vasa, namak, ande aur mans khate hain, unhen doosaron ke mukabale dil ka daura badane ka jokhim 35 pratishat adhik hota hai. isaki tulana men jo log 60 gram sabut anaj se bana hua daliya khate hain, unhen yah jokhim kam hota hai.

rogiyon ki snkhya

hriday ke sath hone vali chhedachhad ka hi natija hai ki aj vishv bhar men hriday rogiyon ki snkhya badh gee hai. ek anuman ke anusar, bharat men 10.2 karod log is bimari ki chapet men hain. poori duniya men har sal 1.73 karod logon ki maut is bimari ki vajah se ho jati hai aur yadi halaton par kaboo nahin kiya gaya to 2020 tak har tisare vyakti ki maut hriday rog se hogi.

logon men vyapt mithak

in sabake atirikt ajakal hriday rog se jude aise kee mithak bhi samane a rahe hain, jo poori tarah bebuniyad hone ke bavajood adhikansh logon ke dimag men ghar kie rahate hain. ye galat-sahi janakariyan hamen kahin se bhi mil sakati hain, lekin in par vishvas karana hamare hriday ke lie hanikarak ho sakata hai. hriday visheshgyon ka kahana hai ki unhen hriday rogiyon ka upachar karate samay unhen rogiyon ke aise kee mithakon ko bhi door karana padata hai. kuchh mithak to bahut am hote hain. jaise- logon men yah am dharana hoti hai ki har tarah ka vyayam hriday ke lie labhakari hota hai. isi tarah adhikansh log yah sochate hain ki mahilaon men dil ki bimari ka khatara kam hota hai. is tarah ki anek aisi dharanaen hain, jo bahut se logon men ghar kar gee hain. in mithakon ko todakar sahi tathy spasht karane matr se rogiyon ke hriday ko lnbe samay tak svasth rakha ja sakata hai.[3]

purushon ko halki pareshani hote hi ve chikitsak ke pas chale jate hain, lekin sahanashakti adhik hone ke karan mahilaen halki-phulki pareshani yoon hi jhel jati hain. visheshgy batate hain ki kee bar to chikitsak ke pas jane par kainsar tak ki janch likh di jati hai, lekin dil ki janch nahin karavaee jati. dilli ke maiks aspatal men hriday rog visheshgy ke.ke. talavar anusar, "mahilaon men estrojan harmon ke rahane se ve kuchh had tak isase snrakshit to rahati hain, lekin dhumrapan, asvasthyakar bhojan karane ki adat aur garbhanirodhak davaen lene ke karan unamen bhi dil ki bimari ka khatara kafi hota hai. menopaj ke bad to yah khatara aur badh jata hai."

isake alava aise dheron mithak hain, jinhen samaj ke mastishk se door kie jane ki zaroorat hai, jaise- yuvaon ko dil ki bimari nahin ho sakati ya jab sine ke baeen or dard ho tabhi dil ki bimari ki ashnka vyakt ki jati hai. hriday rog visheshgy batate hain ki dil ki bimari hone par dahini banh, oopari pedoo ya amataur par baeen banh men bhi dard ho sakata hai. adhikansh vigyapanon men kuchh vishesh tarah ke khady telon ko hriday ke lie achchha bataya jata hai, lekin vastav men yah poori tarah sach nahin hota. hriday rog visheshgyon ka manana hai ki kee bar sahi aur galat janakari men bahut mamooli antar hota hai, isalie savadhan rahane ki zaroorat hai.[4]

hriday ki sehat

aj hamare jivan ka adhe se bhi jyada samay hamare karyasthal aur aauphis men bitata hai. aise men hamen is bat ka khyal rakhana chahie ki apani karyapranali ke anuroop hriday ki sehat kaise durust rahe. hriday ko svasthy rakhane ke lie nimn baton ko apanana chahie[5]-

  1. pratyek vyakti ko thoda samay vyayam ke lie nikalana chahie.
  2. pratidin kam se kam adhe ghnte tak vyayam karana hriday ke lie achchha hota hai.
  3. yadi samay ki kami hai to ap tez qadamon se tahal bhi sakate hain.
  4. sehat ke anuroop hi khan-pan tatha ahar lena chahie.
  5. namak ki kam matra ka sevan karen.
  6. bhojan men kam vasa vale ahar grahan karana chahie.
  7. taji sabjiyan aur phal adhik matra men len.
  8. apani pratidin ki dinacharya men samay par nashta aur samay par lnch karen.
  9. tambakoo jaise padarthon se hamesha doori banaen rakhen.
  10. ghnton ek hi sthiti men baithana hriday ke lie hanikarak ho sakata hai.
  11. aj ki bhagadaud vali jivan shaili men tanav bhi badh gaya hai. isase poori tarah bachana to mushkil hai, lekin jahan tak snbhav ho isase doori banae rakhani chahie.
  12. saikil chalana, niyamit roop se tahalana aur tairana, ye kam avashy karane chahie.
  13. rojana 30 minat yog aur dhyan karane ki prakriya ko apanana chahie.
  14. dhoomrapan bilkul bhi nahin karen, yah dil ke lie bahut hi khataranak hai.
  15. aise khady tel ka chayan karen, jisamen shoony trans phaiti esids hon.
  16. nind dil ko svasth rakhane ke lie zaroori hai. rojana 7 ghnte ki nind len.
  17. kaiphin ki matra kam karen aur kali ya hari chay piyen.
  18. garmiyon men pratidin ath se das gilas pani zaroor piyen.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vishv hriday divas aj, dhuen men n udaen dil (hindi) haaut taaupiks. abhigaman tithi: 29 sitambar, 2014.
  2. vishv hriday divas 2011 : ek snsar, ek ghar aur ek dil (hindi) jagaran jnkshan. abhigaman tithi: 29 sitambar, 2014.
  3. vishv hriday divas- kaise rakhen dil ka khayal (hindi) veb duniya. abhigaman tithi: 29 sitambar, 2014.
  4. durust dil ke lie bhramon se door rahen (hindi) pardaphash tude. abhigaman tithi: 29 sitambar, 2014.
  5. vishv hriday divas, sunen dil ki avaj bhi (hindi) indirapuram. abhigaman tithi: 29 sitambar, 2014.

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