अंतरराष्ट्रीय वृद्ध दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

antararashtriy vriddh divas
antararashtriy vriddh divas
vivaran 'antararashtriy vriddh divas' samast vishv men manaya jane vala mahattvapoorn divas hai. yah din pratyek parivar ke vriddhajanon ko samarpit hai.
tithi '1 aktoobar'
pratham bar pahali bar 'antararashtriy bujurg divas' 1 aktoobar, 1991 ko manaya gaya tha.
uddeshy apane varishth nagarikon ka samman karana, unake sambandh men chintan karana tatha unaki moolabhoot suvidhaon ka dhyan rakhana adi.
vishesh bharat men 2007 men 'mata-pita evn varishh‍th nagarik bharan-poshan vidheyak' snsad men parit kiya gaya. isamen mata-pita ke bharan-poshan, vriddhashramon ki sh‍thapana, chikith‍sa suvidha ki vh‍yavash‍tha aur varishh‍th nagarikon ke jivan aur sn‍patti ki suraksha ka pravadhan kiya gaya hai.
any janakari vriddhon ke kalyan ke lie is prakar ke karyakramon ko vishesh mahatv diya jana chahie, jo unamen jivan ke prati utsah utpann kare. isake lie unaki ruchi ke anusar vishesh prakar ki yojanaen bhi lagoo ki ja sakati hain.

antararashtriy vriddh divas (angrezi: International Day Of Older Persons) athava 'antararashtriy bujurg divas' athava 'antararashtriy varishh‍th nagarik divas' athava 'vishv praudh divas' athava 'antararashtriy vriddhajan divas' pratyek varsh '1 aktoobar' ko manaya jata hai. is avasar par apane varishh‍th nagarikon ka samman karane evn unake sambandh men chintan karana avashyak hota hai. aj ka vriddh samaj atyadhik kuntha grast hai aur samanyat: is bat se sarbadhik du:khi hai ki jivan ka vishad anubhav hone ke bavajood koee unaki ray n to lena chahata hai aur n hi unaki ray ko mahatv hi deta hai. is prakar apane ko samaj men ek tarah se  nishprayojy samajhe jane ke karan hamara vriddh samaj sarbadhik du:khi rahata hai. vriddh samaj ko is duahkh aur sntras se chhutakara dilana aj ki sabase badi jarurat hai. is disha men thos prayas kiye jane ki bahut avashyakata hai.

shuruat

snyukt rashtr ne vishv men bujurgon ke prati ho rahe durvyavahar aur anyay ko samapt karane ke lie aur logon men jagarukata phailane ke lie 14 disambar, 1990 ko yah nirnay liya ki har sal '1 aktoobar' ko 'antararashtriy bujurg divas' ke roop men manakar ham bujurgon ko unaka sahi sthan dilane ki koshish karenge. 1 aktoobar, 1991 ko pahali bar 'antararashtriy bujurg divas' manaya gaya, jisake bad se ise har sal isi din manaya jata hai.[1]

goshthiyan tatha sammelan

vriddhon ki samasya par 'snyukt rashtr mahasabha' men sarvapratham arjentina ne vishv ka dhyan akarshit kiya tha. tab se lekar ab tak vriddhon ke snbndh men anek goshthiyan aur antarrashtriy sammelan ho chuke hain. varsh 1999 ko antarrashtriy bujurg-varsh ke roop men bhi manaya gaya. isase poorv 1982 men 'vishv svasthy sngathan' ne "vriddhavastha ko sukhi banaie" jaisa nara diya aur "sabake lie svasthy" ka abhiyan prarambh kiya gaya. snyukt rashtr sngh ne 1 aktoobar ko ‘antarrashtriy vriddh-divas’ ke roop men ghoshit kiya hua hai aur is roop men vishvabhar men isaka ayojan bhi kiya jata hai. in sab baton se vriddh vyaktiyon ke prati logon men samman aur snvedana ke bhav jage aur unake svasthy tatha arthik samasyaon ke samadhan par vishesh dhyan diya gaya. vriddhavastha ki bimariyon ke lie anek aushadhiyon ka avishkar kiya gaya aur anek sthanon par aspatalon men unake lie vishesh vyavastha ki gayi. lagabhag sabhi pashchimi deshon men arthik samasya se joojhate vriddhon ke lie paryapt penshan ki vyavastha ki gayi hai, jisase unaka kharch aram se chal jata hai. vahan ke bujurgon ke samane ab samanyat: arthik snkat nahin hai. unake samane svasthy ke atirikt mukhy samasya akelepan ki hai. vayask hone par bachche alag rahane lagate hain aur keval saptahant ya any vishesh avasaron par hi ve unase milane ate hain. kabhi-kabhi unase mile mahine ya varsh bhi gujar jate hain. bimari ke samay unhen santvana deene vala samanyat: unaka koee bhi apana unake pas nahin hota.[2]

vriddhajanon ki avahelana

ek ped jitana jyada bada hota hai, vah utana hi adhik jhuka hua hota hai; yani vah utana hi vinamr aur doosaron ko phal dene vala hota hai| yahi bat samaj ke us varg ke sath bhi lagoo hoti hai, jise aj ki tathakathit yuva tatha uchch shiksha prapt pidhi boodha kahakar vriddhashram men chhod deti hai. vah log bhool jate hain ki anubhav ka koee doosara vikalp duniya men hai hi nahin. anubhav ke sahare hi duniya bhar men bujurg logon ne apani alag duniya bana rakhi hai. jis ghar ko banane men ek insan apani poori jindagi laga deta hai, vriddh hone ke bad use usi ghar men ek tuchchh vastu samajh liya jata hai. bade boodhon ke sath yah vyavahar dekhakar lagata hai jaise hamare snskar hi mar ge hain. bujurgon ke sath hone vale anyay ke pichhe ek mukhy vajah samajik pratishtha mani jati hai. sab janate hain ki aj har insan samaj men khud ko bada dikhana chahata hai aur dikhave ki ad men bujurg log use apani sundarata par ek kala dag dikhate hain. bade gharon aur amir logon ki parti men hath men chhadi lie aur kisi ke sahare chalane vale budhon ko adhik nahin dekha jata, kyonki vah in boodhe logon ko apani alishan parti men shamil karana tathakathit shan ke khilaf samajhate hain. yahi rudhivadi soch uchch varg se madhyam varg ki taraph chali ati hai. aj ke samaj men madhyam varg men bhi vriddhon ke prati sneh ki bhavana kam ho gee hai.

jivan ka vyapak anubhav

vriddh hone ke bad insan ko kee rogon ka samana karana padata hai. chalane phirane men bhi dikkat hoti hai. lekin yah is samaj ka ek sach hai ki jo aj javan hai, use kal boodha bhi hona hoga aur is sach se koee nahin bach sakata. lekin is sach ko janane ke bad bhi jab ham boodhe logon par atyachar karate hain to hamen apane manushy kahalane par sharm mahasoos hoti hai. hamen samajhana chahie ki varishh‍th nagarik samaj ki amoolh‍y virasat hote hain. unhonne desh aur samaj ko bahut kuchh diya hota hai. unh‍hen jivan ke vibhinh‍n kshetron ka vh‍yapak anubhav hota hai. aj ka yuva varg rashh‍tr ko unchaiyon par le jane ke lie varishh‍th nagarikon ke anubhav se labh utha sakata hai. apane jivan ki is avash‍tha men unh‍hen dekhabhal aur yah ahasas karae jane ki zaroorat hoti hai ki ve hamare lie bahut khas mahattv rakhate hain.[1]

yajurved ka ullekh

hamare shastron men bhi bujurgon ka samman karane ki rah dikhalayi gee hai. yajurved ka nimn mntr sntan ko apane mata-pita ki seva aur unaka samman karane ki shiksha deta hai-

yadapi posh matarn putr: prabhudito dhayanh.
itadage anrino bhavamyahatau pitarau maman॥

arthath "jin mata-pita ne apane athak prayatnon se pal posakar mujhe bada kiya hai, ab mere bade hone par jab ve ashakt ho gaye hain to ve 'janak-janani' kisi prakar se bhi pidit n hon, is hetu main usi ki seva satkar se unhen sntusht kar apa anrishy (rin ke bhar se mukti) kar raha hoon."

snkhya

badhati janasnkhya ke prati vishvavyapi chinta ke karan is samay vishv bhar men shishu-janmadar men kuchh kami ho rahi hai, lekin doosari or svasthy aur chikitsa snbndhi badhati suvidhaon ke karan ausat ayu men nirantar vriddhi ho rahi hai. yah ausat ayu alag-alag deshon men alag-alag hai. bharat men san 1947 men yah ausat ayu keval 27 varsh thi, jo 1961 men 42 varsh, 1981 men 54 varsh aur ab lagabhag painsath varsh tak pahunch gayi hai. sath se adhik ayu ke logon ki snkhya men vriddhi hamare yahan vishesh roop men 1961 se prarambh huee, jo chikitsa suvidhaon ke prasar ke sath-sath nirantar badhati chali gayi. hamare yahan 1991 men 60 varsh se adhik ayu ke 5 karod 60 lakh vyakti the, jo 2007 men badhakar 8 karod 40 lakh ho gaye. desh men sabase adhik bujurg keral men hain. vahan kul janasnkhya men 11 pratishat bujurg hain, jabaki sampoorn desh men yah ausat lagabhag 8 pratishat hai.

vriddhajan sampoorn samaj ke lie atit ke pratik, anubhavon ke bhndar tatha sabhi ki shraddha ke patr hain. samaj men yadi upayukt samman mile aur unake anubhavon ka labh uthaya jae to ve hamari pragati men vishesh bhagidari bhi kar sakate hain. isalie bujurgon ki badhati snkhya hamare lie chintaniy nahin hai. chinta keval is bat ki honi chahie ki ve svasth, sukhi aur sadaiv sakriy rahen.[2]

yojanaen tatha protsahan

bharat men vriddhon ki seva aur unaki raksha ke lie kee qanoon aur niyam banae ge hain. kendr sarakar ne bharat men varishh‍th nagarikon ke arogh‍yata aur kalh‍yan ko badhava dene ke lie varsh 1999 men vriddh sadash‍yon ke lie rashh‍triy niti taiyar ki hai. is niti ka uddeshh‍y vh‍yaktiyon ko sh‍vayn ke lie tatha unake pati ya path‍ni ke budhape ke lie vh‍yavash‍tha karane ke lie proth‍sahit karana hai. isamen parivaron ko apane parivar ke vriddh sadash‍yon ki dekhabhal karane ke lie proth‍sahit karane ka bhi prayas kiya jata hai.

isake sath hi 2007 men 'mata-pita evn varishh‍th nagarik bharan-poshan vidheyak' snsad men parit kiya gaya hai. isamen mata-pita ke bharan-poshan, vriddhashramon ki sh‍thapana, chikith‍sa suvidha ki vh‍yavash‍tha aur varishh‍th nagarikon ke jivan aur sn‍patti ki suraksha ka pravadhan kiya gaya hai. lekin in sab ke bavajood hamen akhabaron aur samacharon ki surkhiyon men vriddhon ki hatya aur lootamar ki ghatanaen dekhane ko mil hi jati hain. vriddhashramon men badhati snkhya is bat ka saph saboot hai ki vriddhon ko upekshit kiya ja raha hai. hamen samajhana hoga ki agar samaj ke is anubhavi stnbh ko yoon hi najarandaj kiya jata raha to ham us anubhav se bhi door ho jaenge, jo in logon ke pas hai.[1]

samasyaen tatha samadhan

'vriddh vyaktiyon ke sammukh upasthit samasyaon ka samadhan kya ho?' hamen sarvapratham to unhen arthik drishti se svavalambi banane par dhyan dena hoga. is sndarbh men mukhy samasya un logon ki hain, jo n to kisi utpadak kary men lage hain aur n unhen koee penshan milati hai. inamen kuchh log itane shaktihin aur nirbal ho chuke hain ki ve koee kam kar hi nahin sakate. aise besahara vriddh vyaktiyon ke lie sarakar ki or se avashyak roop se aur sahaj roop me mil sakane vali paryapt penshan ki vyavastha ki jani chahie. aise vriddh vyakti jo sharirik aur manasik drishti se svasth hain, unake lie samaj ko kam parishram vale halke-phulke rojagar ki vyavastha karani chahie.

vriddhon ke kalyan ke lie is prakar ke karyakramon ko vishesh mahatv diya jana chahie, jo unamen jivan ke prati utsah utpann kare. isake lie unaki ruchi ke anusar vishesh prakar ki yojanaen bhi lagoo ki ja sakati hain. svayn vriddhajan ko bhi apane tatha parivar aur samaj ke hit ke lie kuchh baton ko dhyan men rakhana chahie. udaharanarth- yuva parijanon ke mamalon men anavashyak hastakshep n karen aur unhen apane dhng se jivan jine den. unhen apane khanapan ka vishesh dhyan rakhana chahie. sadaiv halka, sada aur svasthyavarddhak bhojan lena chahie. apane ko sadaiv tanav se door rakhen aur yathasnbhav nityaprati halka aur niyamit vyayam karen. prat: aur sndhya ko nity ghoomana unake lie vishesh upayogi hai. apane ko yathasnbhav vyast rakhen aur nirasha ko kabhi bhi apane pas n phatakane den. sadaiv shant, sntusht aur snyamit jivan bitayen. samaj ke lie kuchh upayogi kary karane ka sadaiv prayatn karen.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 antararashtriy bujurg divas : samaj ke anubhavi stnbh (hindi) jagaran jnkshan. abhigaman tithi: 01 aktoobar, 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 vishv vriddh divas, shraddha ke patr hain, unhen palakon men jagah den (hindi) utsav ke rng. abhigaman tithi: 01 aktoobar, 2014.

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