समाचार पत्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(अखबार se punarnirdeshit)
samachar patr
vibhinn samachar patr
vivaran 'samachar patr' athava 'akhabar' samaj aur desh men ho rahi ghatanaon par adharit ek prakashan hai. isamen mukhyat: taji ghatanaen, khel-kood, vyaktitv, rajaniti, vigyapan ki janakariyan saste kagaz par chhapi hoti hai.
itihas bharat men pratham samachar patr nikalane ka shrey 'jems aaugastas hikki' ko mila. usane 1780 ee. men 'bngal gajat' ka prakashan kiya, kintu isamen kampani sarakar ki alochana ki gee thi, jis karan usaka pres jabt kar liya gaya.
pratham bharatiy samachar patr pahala bharatiy samachar patr angrezi men 1816 ee. men kalakatta men gngadhar bhattachary dvara 'bngal gajat' nam se nikala gaya. yah saptahik samachar patr tha.
pratham hindi samachar patr udant martand hindi ka pratham samachar patr tha. isaka prakashan 30 mee, 1826 ee. men kalakatta se ek saptahik patr ke roop men shuroo hua tha.
snbndhit lekh bharat men samachar patron ka itihas, patrika
any janakari samachar patr prayah dainik hote hain lekin kuchh samachar patr saptahik, masik evn chhamahi bhi hote hain. adhikatar samacharapatr sthaniy bhashaon men aur sthaniy vishayon par kendrit hote hain.

samachar patr athava akhabar (angrezi:Newspaper) samaj aur desh men ho rahi ghatanaon par adharit ek prakashan hai. isamen mukhyat: taji ghatanaen, khel-kood, vyaktitv, rajaniti, vigyapan ki janakariyan saste kagaz par chhapi hoti hai. samachar patr snchar ke sadhanon men mahattvapoorn sthan rakhate hain. ye kagaz par shabdon se bane vakyon ko likhakar ya chhapakar taiyar hote hain. samachar patr prayah dainik hote hain lekin kuchh samachar patr saptahik, masik evn chhamahi bhi hote hain. adhikatar samacharapatr sthaniy bhashaon men aur sthaniy vishayon par kendrit hote hain.

itihas aur yogadan

bharat men british shasan ke ek poorv adhikari ke dvara akhabaron ki shuruat mani jati hai, lekin usaka svaroop akhabaron ki tarah nahin tha. vah keval ek panne ka soochanatmak parcha tha. poornaroopen akhabar bngal se 'bngal gajat' ke nam se vayasaray hikki dvara nikala gaya tha. arnbh men angrejon ne apane phayade ke lie akhabaron ka istemal kiya, choonki sare akhabar angrezi men hi nikal rahe the, isalie bahusnkhyak logon tak khabaren aur soochanaen pahunch nahin pati thin. jo khabaren bahar nikalakar ati thin. unhen kafi tod-marodakar prastut kiya jata tha, taki angrezi sarakar ke atyacharon ki khabaren dabi rah jaen. angrez sipahi kisi bhi kshetr men ghusakar manamana vyavahar karate the. vo jis bhi kshetr se gujarate, vahan apana atnk phailate rahate the. unake khilaf n to mukadame hote aur n hi unhen koee dnd hi diya jata tha. in narakiy paristhitiyon ko jhelate hue bhi log khamosh the. is dauran bharat men ‘d hindustan taims’, ‘neshanal herald', 'payaniyar', 'munbee-mirar' jaise akhabar angrezi men nikalate the, jisamen un atyacharon ka door-door tak ullekh nahin rahata tha. in angrezi patron ke atirikt bngala, urdoo adi men patron ka prakashan to hota raha, lekin usaka dayara simit tha. use koee bngali padhane vala ya urdoo janane vala hi samajh sakata tha. aise men pahali bar 30 mee, 1826 ko hindi ka pratham patr ‘udnt martnd’ ka pahala ank prakashit hua.[1]

bharat men samachar patron ka itihas

bharat men samachar patron ka itihas yooropiy logon ke bharat men pravesh ke sath hi prarambh hota hai. sarvapratham bharat men printig pres lane ka shrey purtagaliyon ko diya jata hai. 1557 ee. men gova ke kuchh padari logon ne bharat ki pahali pustak chhapi. 1684 ee. men angrez eest indiya kampani ne bhi bharat ki pahali pustak ki chhapaee ki thi. 1684 ee. men hi kampani ne bharat men pratham printig pres (mudranalay) ki sthapana ki.

vishesh bindu

  • pahala bharatiy angrezi samachar patr 1816 ee. men kalakatta men gngadhar bhattachary dvara 'bngal gajat' nam se nikala gaya. yah saptahik samachar patr tha.
  • 1818 ee. men marshamain ke netritv men bngali bhasha men 'digdarshan' masik patr prakashit hua, lekin yah patr alpakalik siddh hua. isi samay marshamain ke snpadan men ek aur saptahik samachar patr 'samachar darpan' prakashit kiya gaya.
  • 1821 ee. men bngali bhasha men saptahik samachar patr 'snvad kaumudi' ka prakashan hua. is samachar patr ka prabandh raja ramamohan ray ke hathon men tha.
  • bharat ka pratham hindi samachar patr 'udant martand' tha.

pratham saptahik akhabar

pahala bharatiy angrezi samachar patr 1816 ee. men kalakatta men gngadhar bhattachary dvara 'bngal gajat' nam se nikala gaya. yah saptahik samachar patr tha. 1818 ee. men marshamain ke netritv men bngali bhasha men 'digdarshan' masik patr prakashit hua, lekin yah patr alpakalik siddh hua. isi samay marshamain ke snpadan men ek aur saptahik samachar patr 'samachar darpan' prakashit kiya gaya. 1821 ee. men bngali bhasha men saptahik samachar patr 'snvad kaumudi' ka prakashan hua. is samachar patr ka prabandh raja ramamohan ray ke hathon men tha. raja ramamohan ray ne samajik tatha dharmik vicharon ke virodhasvaroop 'samachar chndrika' ka march, 1822 ee. men prakashan kiya. isake atirikt ray ne aprail, 1822 men farasi bhasha men 'miratul' akhabar evn angrezi bhasha men 'brahmanikal maigajin' ka prakashan kiya.

pramukh samachar patr

bharat ke pramukh samachar patr
nam nagar bhasha
janasatta kolakata, dilli, mumbee, chndigadh hindi
navabharat taims mumbee, dilli hindi
hindustan dilli, patana, lakhanoo, varanasi hindi
pnjab kesari dilli, jalndhar hindi
vishvamitr mumbee, kanapur, kolakata, patana hindi
vir arjun dilli hindi
rashtriy sahara dilli, lakhanoo, gorakhapur hindi
amar ujala agara, bareli, merath hindi
dainik jagaran kanapur, banaras, patana, lakhanoo, merath hindi
amrit prabhat ilahabad, lakhanoo hindi
dainik aj varanasi, patana, gorakhapur hindi
rajasthan patrika jayapur, bngalor hindi
nee duniya dilli, indaur, bhopal, gvaliyar, jabalapur, rayapur, bilasapur hindi
dainik bhaskar bhopal hindi
hindustan taims dilli, patana angrezi
hindoo chainnee, koyambatoor, dilli angrezi
taims aauph indiya dilli, patana, mumbee, ahamadabad angrezi
indiyan eksapres dilli, mumbee, lakhanoo angrezi
d hitavad nagapur angrezi
phainenshiyal eksapres mumbee, dilli angrezi
payaniyar lakhanoo, kanapur angrezi
ikonaaumik taims mumbee angrezi
stetsamain nee dilli, kolakata angrezi
svatntr bharat lakhanoo angrezi
amrit bazar patrika kolakata angrezi
asam tribyoon guvahati angrezi
tribyoon ambala, chandigadh angrezi
d teligraph kolakata angrezi
paitriyat dilli angrezi
naaurdan indiya lakhanoo, ilahabad angrezi
dakkan kraaunikal bngalaur angrezi
dakkan herold bngalaur angrezi
blitj mumbee marathi
samana mumbee marathi
hindustan staindard kolakata bangla
nootan asamiya guvahati asamiya
akali patrika jalndhar pnjabi
matharubhoomi kojhikot malayalam
matribhoomi, samaj, prajatntr katak udiya
tej dilli urdoo
dinavandi madurai, koyambatoor tamil
dinamalar chainnee, madurai tamil
malayalam manorama tiruvanntapuram malayalam
prabhat khabar ranchi, jamashedapur, kolakata, devaghar hindi
haribhoomi hariyana, chhattisagadh, madhy pradesh hindi


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. jab akhabar bane ajadi ka hathiyar (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) veb duniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 1 sitambar, 2012.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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