इलाहाबाद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(इलाहबाद se punarnirdeshit)
ilahabad lekh soochi
ilahabad
Kumbh mela.jpg
vivaran ilahabad shahar, dakshini uttar pradesh rajy ke uttari bharat men sthit hai. ilahabad gnga nadi ke kinare basa hua hai.
rajy uttar pradesh
zila ilahabad zila
nirmata akabar
sthapana san 1583 ee.
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 25.45°, poorv- 81.85°
marg sthiti rashtriy rajamarg 2 aur 27 se ilahabad pahuncha ja sakata hai.
kab jaen aktoobar se march
kaise pahunchen viman, rel, bas, taiksi
havaee adda ilahabad vimanakshetr, nazadiki varanasi havaee adda
relave steshan prayag relave steshan, ilahabad siti relave steshan, daragnj relave steshan, ilahabad jnkshan relave steshan, naini jnkshan relave steshan, soobedaragnj relave steshan, bamarauli relave steshan
bas adda lidar rod evn sivil lains se basen upalabdh
yatayat aauto riksha, bas, taimpo, saikil riksha
kya dekhen ilahabad paryatan
kahan thaharen hotal, dharmashala, atithi grah
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr, ilahabad vimanakshetr
adyatan‎

ilahabad dakshini uttar pradesh rajy ke uttari bharat men sthit hai. yah gnga aur yamuna nadi par basa hua hai. yah prachin nagar gnga aur yamuna ke sngam ke lie bhi bahut prasiddh hai. aisa mana jata hai ki is sngam par bhoomigat roop se sarasvati nadi bhi akar milati hai. gnga aur yamuna nadiyon ke sngam par basa ilahabad varanasi (bhootapoorv banaras) v haridvar ke samakaksh pavitr prachin prayag ki bhoomi par sthit hai. yah sthan samarik drishti se bada mahattvapoorn hai. ilahabad uttar pradesh prant ka ek mahattvapoorn zila hai. bharat ka manak yamyottar grinavich se 82.5° poorv hai, jisaka arth hai ki hamara manak samay, grinavich manak samay se sadhe panch ghnte age hai. bharat men poorvi deshantar, jo ki ilahabad ke nikat naini se gujarati hai, ke samay ko manak samay mana gaya hai. inhen bhi dekhen: prayag, sngam evn kumbh mela

sthapana

vartaman ilahabad shahar ki sthapana san 1583 men mugal badashah akabar ne ki thi aur isaka nam 'al-ilahabad' arthath "allah ka shahar" rakha tha. mugal samrajy men ilahabad prantiy rajadhani raha aur san 1599 se 1604 tak yah bagi shahazada salim, jo bad men mugal badashah jahangir bana, ka mukhyalay tha. ilahabad qile ke bahar hi jahangir ke bagi putr khusaro ki qabr hai. mugal samrajy ke patan ke bad san 1801 men angrezon dvara ilahabad par kabza kie jane tak yah shahar kee shasakon ke hathon men gaya. 1857 men british satta ke khilaf hue bharatiy vidroh men yahan bhari raktapat hua. san 1904 se 1949 tak ilahabad snyukt prant (vartaman uttar pradesh) ki rajadhani tha.

itihas

ilahabad ka prachin nam 'prayag' hai. ise 'tirtharaj' bhi kaha jata hai. ek prachin kinvadanti ke anusar prayag ka ek nam 'ilabas' bhi tha, jo manu ki putri ila ke nam par tha. prayag ke nikat 'bhusi' ya 'pratishthanapur' men chandravnshi rajaon ki rajadhani thi. isaka pahala raja ila aur budh ka putr pururava hua tha. usi ne apani rajadhani ko 'ilabas' ki sngya di, jisaka roopantar akabar ke samay men ilahabad ho gaya. eesa ki chauthi aur panchavin shatabdi men gupt vnsh ke raj men yah nagar unaki ek rajadhani bhi raha. satavin shatabdi men samrath harshavardhan vahan panch-panch varsh ke anantar, satr ka ayojan kiya karata tha. aise ek satr men chini yatri hven tsang ne 643 ee. men bhag liya tha. ilahabad men sabase prachin aitihasik smarak maury samrat ashok (273-232 ee. poo.) ke 6 stambh-lekhon men se ek hai. is par gupt samrath samudragupt (330-380 ee.) ki kavi harishen dvara rachit prasiddh 'prayag prashasti' hai. isamen usake digvijay hone ka varnan hai. is sthan ke samarik mahattv ko dekhakar hi badashah akabar ne 1583 ee. men yahan gnga-yamuna ke sngam par qila banavaya tha aur prayag ke sthan par isaka nam 'ilahabad' rakh diya. 'ilahabad' ek arabi shabd hai, jisaka arth hota hai - allah dvara basaya gaya shahar.[1] lekin ise prayag kahana hi uchit hoga, kyonki yah hinduon ka pramukh tirth sthal hai. mugal kal men bahut se aitihasik mndiron ko todakar unaka astitv mita diya gaya. yah nagar ilahabad soobe ki rajadhani banaya gaya. yah nagar bad men uttar pradesh (snyukt prant agara, avadh) ki rajadhani raha tha.

mahattv

yamuna nadi se ilahabad qile ka drishy (1857)
  • yahan uttar pradesh ka uchch nyayalay aur eji karyalay bhi hai.
  • ilahabad ka apana aitihasik mahattv hai ramayan men ilahabad, prayag ke nam se varnit hai.
  • sngam ka dharmik mahattv bhi bahut hai.
  • ilahabad shahar ka hindi sahity men bahut mahattvapoorn yogadan hai.
  • poorvi uttar pradesh men gnga nadi ke kinare basa ilahabad bharat ka pavitr aur lokapriy tirthasthal hai. is shahar ka ullekh bharat ke dharmik granthon men bhi milata hai. ved, puran, ramayan aur mahabharat men is sthan ko prayag kaha gaya hai.
  • gnga, yamuna aur sarasvati nadiyon ka yahan sngam hota hai, isalie hinduon ke lie is shahar ka vishesh mahattv hai.
  • 12 sal bad yahan kumbh ke mele ka ayojan hota hai. kumbh ke mele men 2 karod ki bhid ikattha hone ka anuman kiya jata hai, jo sambhavat: vishv men sabase bada jamavada hai.

bhoogol

ilahabad nagar ki bhaugolik sthiti 25.45, 81.84, uttar pradesh ke dakshini bhag men 98 mitar par gnga aur yamuna nadiyon ke sngam par hai. prachin samay men yah kshetr vats janapad ke nam se jana jata tha. isake dakshin-poorv men bundelakhnd kshetr hai. uttar evn uttar-poorv men avadh kshetr evn pashchim men nichala doab kshetr hai. bhaugolik evn snskritik, in donon hi drishtiyon se ilahabad bahut hi mahattvapoorn raha hai. gnga-yamuni doab kshetr ke khas bhag men sthit ye yamuna nadi ka akhiri padav sthal hai. donon nadiyon ke bich ki doab bhoomi shesh doab kshetr ki bhanti hi bahut upajaoo hai, kintu yahan ki mitti kam nami vali hai, jo gehoon ki fasal ke liye upayukt hoti hai. ilahabad zile ke gair doabi kshetr, jo dakshini evn poorv ki or sthit hain, nikatavarti bundelakhnd evn baghelakhnd ke saman shushk evn patharile hain. bharat ka nabhi-sthal kahe jane vale jabalapur se nikalane vali 'bharatiy akshansh rekha' jabalapur se 343 kilomitar uttar men ilahabad se nikalati hai.

pipon ka pul(paauntoon pul), kumbh mela, ilahabad

dharmik mahattv

ilahabad ki apani ek dharmik aitihasikata bhi rahi hai. chhathaven jain tirthnkar bhagavan padmaprabh ki janmasthali kaushambi rahi hai to bhakti andolan ke pramukh stambh ramanand ka janm bhi yahin hua. ramayan kal ka charchit shrringaverapur, jahan par kevat ne ram ke charan dhoye the, yahin par hai. yahan gngatat par shrringi rishi ka ashram v samadhi hai. bharadvaj muni ka prasiddh ashram bhi yahin anand bhavan ke pas hai, jahan bhagavan ram shrringaverapur se chitrakoot jate samay muni se ashirvad lene ae the. alopi devi ke mndir ke roop men prasiddh siddhipith yahin par hai to sita-samahit sthal ke roop men prasiddh sitamadhi bhi yahin par hai. gnga tat par avasthit dashashvamedh mndir jahan brahma ne srishti ka pratham ashvamedh ygy kiya tha, bhi ilahabad men hi avasthit hai. dhaumy rishi ne apane tirthayatra prasng men varnan kiya hai ki prayag men sabhi tirthon, devon aur rishi-muniyon ka sadaiv se nivas raha hai tatha som, varun v prajapati ka janmasthan bhi prayag hi hai.

svatntrata andolan men bhoomika

bharat ke svatatrata andolan men bhi ilahabad ki ek ahamh bhoomika rahi. rashtriy navajagaran ka uday ilahabad ki bhoomi par hua to gandhi yug men yah nagar prerana kendr bana. 'bharatiy rashtriy kangres' ke sngathan aur unnayan men bhi is nagar ka yogadan raha hai. san 1857 ke vidroh ka netritv yahan par liyaqat ali khan ne kiya tha. kangres parti ke tin adhiveshan yahan par 1888, 1892 aur 1910 men kramashah jarj yool, vyomesh chanh‍dr banarji aur sar viliyam bedarabarn ki adhyakshata men hue. maharani viktoriya ka 1 navambar, 1858 ka prasiddh ghoshana patr yahin avasthit 'minto park'[2] men tatkalin vayasaray laaurd kening dvara padha gaya tha. neharoo parivar ka paitrik avas 'svaraj bhavan' aur 'anand bhavan' yahin par hai. neharoo-gandhi parivar se jude़ hone ke karan ilahabad ne desh ko pratham pradhanamntri bhi diya.

krantikariyon ki sharanasthali

udaravadi v samajavadi netaon ke sath-sath ilahabad krantikariyon ki bhi sharanasthali raha hai. chndrashekhar azad ne yahin par alfred park men 27 faravari, 1931 ko angrezon se loha lete hue british pulis adhyaksh naaut babar aur pulis adhikari visheshvar sinh ko ghayal kar kee pulisajanon ko mar giraya aurn antatah khud ko goli marakar ajivan azad rahane ki kasam poori ki. 1919 ke raulet ekt ko sarakar dvara vapas n lene par joon, 1920 men ilahabad men ek sarvadaliy sammelan hua, jisamen skool, kaaulejon aur adalaton ke bahishkar ke karyakram ki ghoshana huee, is prakar pratham asahayog andolan aur khilafat andolan ki ninv bhi ilahabad men hi rakhi gayi thi.

yatayat aur parivahan

ilahabad qile ka ek drishy

vayu marg

ilahabad ka nikatatam havaee adda varanasi men hai jo ilahabad se 147 kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai. lakhanoo havaee adda 210 kilomitar ki doori par hai.

rel marg

ilahabad dilli-kolakata ke raste par sthit hai. desh ke kisi bhi hisse se yahan rel se pahuncha ja sakata hai. kolakata, dilli, patana, guvahati, chainnee, mumbee, gvaliyar, merath, lakhanoo, kanapur, varanasi adi shaharon se ilahabad ke lie sidhi relen hain.

sadak marg

uttar pradesh aur desh ke anek shaharon se ilahabad ke lie niyamit basen chalati hain.

krishi aur khanij

ilahabad shahar ke charon or ka ilaka gnga ke maidani kshetr men ata hai isalie yah krishi utpadon ka bazar bhi hai. dhan, gehoon, jau, chana yahan ki mukhy fasalen hain.

udyog aur vyapar

mukhyatah shaikshanik v prashasanik kendr hone ke sath-sath ilahabad men kuchh udyog, jaise- khady prasnskaran v vinirman bhi hain. yahan shisha aur tar karakhane badi snkhya men hain. yahan ke mukhy audyogik kshetr hain- naini aur phoolapur, jahan kee sarvajanik aur niji kshetr ki knpaniyon ki ikaiyan aur karyalay adi sthapit hain. inamen 'areva ti end di indiya' (bahurashtriy areva samooh ka ek prabhag), 'bharat pnps end knpresars limited' arthath 'bipisiel'. 'indiyan teliphon indastrij' (aee.ti.aee.), 'rilayns indastriz' ilahabad nirman prakhnd, hindustan kebals, triveni strakcharals limited (ti.es.el. bharat yntr nigam ki ek gaun ikaee), shisha karakhana ityadi. baidyanath ki naini men ek nirman ikaee sthapit hai, jinamen kee kutir udyog jaise- rasayan, paaulistar, ooni vastr, nal, paeeps, taaurch, kagaz, ghi, machis, sabun, chini, saikil evn itr adi banaye jate hain. ilahabad men paaultri aur kanch udyog bhi badhata ja raha hai.

shikshan snsthan

ilahabad ko prachin samay se hi shiksha ke kshetr men prasiddhi prapt rahi hai. yah nagar sirf gnga aur yamuna nadiyon ke pavitr sngam ke lie hi nahin, apitu adhyatm ke sath shiksha sngam ke lie bhi jana jata hai. yahan bharat ke sabhi rajyon se vidyarthi shiksha grahan karane ke lie ate hain. 'ilahabad vishvavidyalay' (1887) isaka pratyaksh praman hai, jahan se anekanek vidvanon ne shiksha grahan kar desh v samaj ke anek bhagon men apana mahattvapoorn yogadan diya. 'ilahabad vishvavidyalay' ko "poorv ka aauksaphord" bhi kaha jata hai. yahan kee vishvavidyalay, shiksha parishad, injiniring kaaulej, medikal kaaulej tatha mukt vishvavidyalay shiksha ke kshetr men ullekhaniy yogadan de rahe hain. 'prayag sngit samiti' aj bharat ka jana pahachana nam hai. yahan par sngit ki shiksha grahan karane ke lie desh-videsh se hazaron ki snkhya men vidyarthi ate hain. yahan par kee prasiddh vishvavidyalay bhi hai. ilahabad men sthapit kuchh vishvavidyalayon ke nam nimnalikhit hain-

  1. ilahabad vishvavidyalay
  2. motilal neharu neshanal instityoot aauph teknoloji
  3. uttar pradesh rajarshi tandan mukt vishvavidyalay
  4. ilahabad egrikalchar snsthan (manit vishvavidyalay)
  5. neharoo gram bharati vishvavidyalay, jamunipur kotava

janasnkhya

ilahabad ki kul janasnkhya (2001 ki ganana ke anusar) 9,90,298 hai. ilahabad ke kul zile ki janasnkhya 49,41,510 hai.

paryatan

paryatakon ke liye yahan british kal ka ek sarakari bngala, angl v roman kaithalik girajaghar aur jama masjid bhi hai. uttar pradesh ke is aitihasik shahar ka prashasanik, shaikshik, dharmik, aur sanskritik drishti se agrani sthan hai. is shahar ka ullekh bharat ke dharmik granthon men bhi milata hai. ved, puran, ramayan aur mahabharat men is sthan ko 'prayag' kaha gaya hai. gnga, yamuna aur sarasvati nadiyon ka yahan sngam hota hai.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. prayag kumbh mela 2013 : ilahabad ke bare men janie (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 10 janavari, 2013.
  2. ab madan mohan malaviy park

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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