राप्ती नदी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rapti nadi / iravati

rapti poorvi uttar pradesh ki nadi hai. rapti snbhavatah 'varavatya' ya 'iravati' ka apabhrnsh hai. kuchh vidvanon ke mat men yah bauddh sahity ki 'achiravati' hai.[1] yah nadi nepal ki laghu himalay shreniyon men dhaulagiri ke dakshin men rukumakot ke nikat se nikalakar pahale dakshin men aur phir pashchim men bahati hai. tatpashchath ek bar punah dakshin ki or bahane ke bad baharaich, gonda, basti aur gorakhapur zilon men bahati huee barahaj ke nikat ghaghara nadi se mil jati hai.

  • is nadi ki kul lambaee 640 kilomitar hai.
  • rapti nadi ke uttar ki or se rohini nadi akar isamen milati hai, jo ki isaki mukhy sahayak nadi hai.
  • yah nadi kushinagar ke nikat bahati thi, jaisa ki 'buddhacharit'[2] ke ullekh se soochit hota hai-
'is tarah kushinagar ate samay chund ke sath tathagat ne iravati nadi par ki aur svayn us nagar ke ek upabhavan men thahare, jahan kamalon se sushobhit ek prashant sarovar sthit tha.'
  • achiravati ya ajiravati iravati ke vaikalpik roop ho sakate hain.
  • 'buddhacharit' ke chini-anuvad men is nadi ke lie 'kuku' shabd hai, jo pali ke 'kukuttha' ka chini roop hai.
  • 'buddhacharit'[3] men varnan hai ki nirvan ke poorv gautam buddh ne hiranyavati nadi men snan kiya tha, jo kushinagar ke upavan ke samip bahati thi. yah iravati ya rapti ki hi ek shakha jan padati hai.
  • uttari bhag men is nadi ki ek mukhy dhara boodhi gandak ke nam se jati hai.
  • 'buddhacharit'[4] ke anusar buddh ki mrityu ke pashchath mallon ne unake sharir ke dah snskar ke lie hiranyavati nadi ko par karake 'mukut chaity' ke niche chita banaee thi.
  • snbhav hai mahabharat, sabhaparv[5] ki 'varavatya' bhi rapti hi ho.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. aitihasik sthanavali |lekhak: vijayendr kumar mathur |prakashak: rajasthan hindi grnth akadami, jayapur |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 786 |
  2. buddhacharit 25, 53
  3. buddhacharit 25, 54
  4. buddhacharit, 27, 70
  5. sabhaparv 9, 22

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