वाराणसी के घाट  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

varanasi vishay soochi

parichay    itihas    bhoogol    arthavyavastha    shiksha    snskriti    dharmik sthal    paryatan    chitravali    vistrit alekh

varanasi men gnga nadi ke ghat

varanasi (kashi) men gnga tat par anek sundar ghat bane hain, ye sabhi ghat kisi n kisi pauranik ya dharmik katha se snbndhit hain. varanasi ke ghat gnga nadi ke dhanush ki akriti hone ke karan manohari lagate hain. sabhi ghaton ke poorvarbhimukh hone se sooryoday ke samay ghaton par soory ki pahali kiran dastak deti hai. uttar disha men rajaghat se prarambh hokar dakshin men asi ghat tak sau se adhik ghat hain. manikarnika ghat par chita ki agni kabhi shant nahin hoti, kyonki banaras ke bahar marane valon ki antyeshti puny prapti ke liye yahin ki jati hai. kee hindoo manate hain ki varanasi men marane valon ko moksh prapt hota hai.

ghaton ki mahima

shiv nagari kashi ke gnga ghaton ki mahima nyari hai, prachin nagar kashi poore vishv men sabase pavitr shahar hai, dharm evn snskriti ka kendr bindu hai. asi se adikeshav tak ghat shrrinkhala men har ghat ke alag thath hain, kahin shiv gnga men samaye huye hain to kisi ghat ki sidhiyan shastriy vidhan men nirmit hain, koee mandir vishisht sthapaty shaili men hai to kisi ghat ki pahachan vahan sthit mahalon se hai, kisi ghat par masjid hai to kee ghat mauj-masti ka kendr hain. ye ghat kashi ke amooly ratn hain, jinhen kisi jauhari ki avashyakata nahin. gnga keval kashi men hi uttaravahini hain tatha shiv ke trishool par base kashi ke lagabhag sabhi ghaton par shiv svayn virajaman hain. vibhinn shubh avasaron par gngapooja ke lie in ghaton ko hi sakshi banaya jata hai. vibhinn vikhyat snt mahatmaon ne inhin ghaton par ashray liya jinamen tulasidas, ramanand, ravidas, tailng svami, kumarasvami pramukh hain. vibhinn rajaon-maharajaon ne inhin gnga ghaton par apane mahalon ka nirman karaya evn nivas kiya. in ghaton par sampoorn bharatiy snskriti ka samanvay jivant roop men vidyaman hai. ghaton ne kashi ki ek alag chhavi ko jagajahir kiya hai; yahan hone vale dharmik sanskritik karyakramon men gnga arati, gnga mahotsav, devadipavali, nag nathaiya (krishn lila), budhava mngal vishvavikhyat hai. kashi vasiyon ke liye gnga ke ghat dharmik-adhyatmik mahatv ke sath hi paryatan, mauj-masti ke drishti se bhi bahut mahatvapoorn hain. ghat par snan ke pashchath bhang-booti ke masti men doobe sadhu-sannyasiyon evn yahan ke nivasiyon ne banarasi-masti ke adbhut chhavi ka nirman kiya hai, jisake alag andaz ko sampoorn vishv dekhana, samajhana evn jina chahata hai.[1]

chaurasi (84) ghat

varanasi men lagabhag 84 ghat hain. ye ghat lagabhag 4 mil lamh‍be tat par bane hue hain. in 84 ghaton men panch ghat bahut hi pavitr mane jate hain. inh‍hen samoohik roop se 'pnchatirth' kaha jata hai. ye hain asi ghat, dashashvamedh ghat, adikeshav ghat, pnchagnga ghat tatha manikarnika ghat. asi ghat sabase dakshin men sthit hai jabaki adikeshav ghat sabase uttar men sthit hain. har ghat ki apani alag-alag kahani hai. varanasi ke kee ghat maratha samrajy ke adhinasth kal men banavaye ge the. varanasi ke snrakshakon men maratha, shinde (sindhiya), holkar, bhonsale aur peshava parivar rahe hain. varanasi men adhikatar ghat snan-ghat hain, kuchh ghat antyeshti ghat hain. mahanirvani ghat men mahath‍ma buddh ne sh‍nan kiya tha. kuchh ghat jaise manikarnika ghat kisi katha adi se jude hue hain, jabaki kuchh ghat niji svamitv ke bhi hain poorv kashi naresh ka shivala ghat aur kali ghat niji snpada hain. varanasi men asi ghat se lekar varuna ghat tak sabhi ki kramavar soochi nimn hai:-

varanasi ke ghat
ghat ka nam nirmata
navala ghat nagar nigam
asi ghat maharaja, banaras
lala mishr ghat maharaja rivan
tulasi ghat mahnt svaminath
bhadaini ghat nagar nigam
janaki ghat asharphi sinh
akroor ghat ray shiv prasad
mata anndamayi ghat lala bachchharaj
bachchharaj ghat baboo shekhar chnd
jain ghat nagar nigam
nishad raj ghat nagar nigam
prabhughat nirmal kumar
shivala ghat pn. baijanath mishr
chetasinh ghat pnchakot ke raja
nirnjani ghat pnchakot ke raja
dndi ghat lalloo ji agraval
gulariya ghat lalloo ji agraval
hanuman ghat mahnt harihar ji
maisoor ghat maisoor rajy
harishchnd nagar nigam
lalli ghat maharaja banaras
vijayanagaram ghat maharaja vijayanagaram
kedar ghat kumar svami
chauki ghat nagar nigam
narava ghat nagar nigam
someshvar ghat kumar svami
manasarovar ghat nagar nigam
raja ghat madhorav peshava
narad ghat dattatrey svami
ghat ka nam nirmata
khori ghat kavindr narayan sinh
gngamahal ghat mathura pande
pande ghat babua pande
dhobiya ghat kumar svami
digpatiya ghat digpatiya stet (bngal)
chausatthi ghat udayapur ke raja
rana ghat udayapur ke raja
munshi ghat shridhar munshi
darabhnga ghat maharaja, darabhnga
ahilyabaee ghat maharaja, indaur
shitala ghat nagar nigam
dashashvamedh ghat nagar nigam
prayag ghat rani hemand kumari devi
ghoda ghat nagar nigam
rajendr prasad ghat nagar nigam
man mndir ghat maharaja, jayapur
tripura bhairavi ghat maharaja, banaras
mir ghat mir rustam ali
phoota ghat svami, maheshvarannd
nepali ghat nanahi baboo
lalita ghat nepal naresh
amarohagiri bavali (ghat) baboo keshav das
jalasaee ghat nagar nigam
khiraki ghat maharaja, indaur
manikarnika ghat maharaja, indaur
bajirav ghat maharaja, indaur
sindhinya ghat maharaja, gvaliyar
snkata ghat maharaj badauda
ghat ka nam nirmata
snkata ghat, gngamahal maharaja gvaliyar
bhonsala ghat maharaja nagapur
naya ghat nagar nigam
ganesh ghat madhorav peshava
agnishvar ghat madhorav peshava
mehata ghat madhorav peshava
ramaghat madhorav peshava
babhaji ya mngalagauri ghat madhorav peshava
pnchagnga ghat nagar nigam
benimadhav ghat nagar nigam
durgaghat narayan dikshit
brahmaghat narayan dikshit
shitala ghat maharaja, boondi
lal ghat nagar nigam
gayaghat nagar nigam
balabaee ghat nagar nigam
trilochan ghat narayan dikshit
gola ghat nagar nigam
nndoo ghat nagar nigam
pakka ghat nagar nigam
teliyanala ghat nagar nigam
naya ghat nagar nigam
prahlad ghat nagar nigam
rajaghat nagar nigam
varuna sngam ghat nagar nigam

pramukh ghat

varanasi men kuchh prasiddh ghat hain. inamen kuchh ghaton ka dharmik v adhyatmik mahattv hai aur kuchh ghat apani prachinata to kuchh aitihasikata v kuchh kala ke lihaz se khasiyat rakhate hain.[2]

asighat

  • asighat varanasi ke dakshini chhor par gnga v asi nadi ke sngam par sthit hai.
  • yah ghat shraddhaluon ki astha v akarshan ka pramukh kendr hai.
  • yahin par bhagavan jagannath ka prasiddh mndir hai.

tulasi ghat

  • tulasighat prasiddh kavi tulasidas se snbndhit hai.
  • yahan gosvami tulasi das ne shriramacharit manas ke kee anshon ki rachana ki thi.
  • kaha jata hai ki tulasidas ne apana akhiri samay yahin vh‍yatit kiya tha.
  • is ghat ka nam pahale 'lolark ghat' tha.

harishchndr ghat

  • harishh‍chndr ghat ka snbndh raja harishchndr se hai.
  • satyapriy raja harishchndr ke nam par yah ghat varanasi ke prachinatam ghaton men ek hai.
  • is ghat par hindoo maranoparant dah snskar karate hain.

kedar ghat

  • kedar ghat ka nam kedareshvar mahadev mndir ke nam par pada hai.
  • is ghat ke samip men hi svami karapatri ashram v gauri kund sthit hai.

dashashvamedh ghat

  • yah ghat godauliya se gnga jane vale marg ke antim chhor par padata hai.
  • prachin grntho ke mutabik raja divodas dvara yahan das ashvamedh ygy karane ke karan isaka nam 'dashashvamedh ghat' pada.
  • ek any mat ke anusar nagavnshiy raja virasen ne chakravarti banane ki akanksha men is sthan par das bar ashvamedh karaya tha.[2]

rajendr ghat

manikarnika ghat

  • pauranik manyataon se jude manikarnika ghat ka dharmapran janata men maranoparant antim snskar ke lihaz se atyadhik mahattv hai.
  • is ghat ki ganana kashi ke pnchatirtho men ki jati hai.
  • manikarnika ghat par sthit bhavanon ka nirman peshava bajirav tatha ahilyabaee holkar ne karavaya tha.

chet sinh ghat

chet sinh ghat, varanasi
  • chet sinh ghat ek qile ki tarah lagata hai.
  • chet sinh banaras ke ek sahasi raja the jinh‍honne 1781 ee. men vaauren hestingas ki sena ke khilaf ladaee ladi thi.

pnchagnga ghat

rajaghat

  • rajaghat kashi relave steshan se sate malaviy setu (dapharin pul) ke pa‌rshv men sthit hai.
  • yahan snt ravidas ka bhavy mndir bhi hai.

adikeshav ghat

  • adikeshav ghat varuna v gnga ke sngam par sthit hai.
  • yahan sngameshvar v brahmeshvar mndir darshaniy hain.
  • isake alava gayaghat, lalaghat, sindhiya ghat adi kashi ke saundary ko udbhashit karate hain.[2]


varanasi ke ghat ki chitr vithika


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. prachin ghat (hindi) kashi katha. abhigaman tithi: 10 janavari, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 varanasi ke ghat (hindi) jagaran yatra. abhigaman tithi: 17 faravari, 2011.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah