उत्तर प्रदेश की कृषि  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gehoon ki kataee

uttar pradesh rajy ki arthavyavastha ka mukhy adhar krishi hai. 1960 ke dashak se gehoon v chaval ki uchch paidavar vale bijon ke prayog, urvarakon ki adhik upalabdhata aur sinchaee ke adhik istemal se uttar pradesh khadyann ka sabase bada utpadak rajy ban gaya hai. yadyapi kisan do pramukh samasyaon se grast hain: arthik roop se alabhakari chhote khet aur behatar utpadan ke lie praudyogiki men nivesh karane ke lie aparyapt snsadhan, uttar pradesh rajy ki adhikatam krishi bhoomi kisanon ko mushkil se hi bharan-poshan kar pati hai.

mukhy fasalen

gehoon

gehoon ke sabase pramukh utpadak rajy uttar pradesh, pnjab tatha hariyana men harit- kranti ke prayogon se uchch utpadakata tatha utpadan ki matra adhik prapt ki gee hai. in rajyon men kul 758 lakh tan gehoon ka utpadan hua, jo 1990-91 ki tulana men 3.67% ki varshik vriddhi ko darshata hai. 2006-2007 men uttar pradesh desh ke kul utpadan ka 34.71% pnjab, hariyana, madhy pradesh, rajasthan tatha bihar gehoon ke sarvadhik mahattvapoorn utpadak rajy hain, jo gujarat tatha maharashtr rajyon ke sath milakar desh ke lagabhag 90% gehoon ka utpadan karate hain. uttar pradesh men dakshini parvatiy evn pathari bhoomi ko chhodakar sarvatr bhag men gehoon ki krishi ki jati hain.

dhyan den adhik janakari ke lie dekhen:- gehoon

chaval ke khet

chaval

bharat men 4.2 karod hekteyar bhoomi par 9.2 karod mitrik tan chaval ka utpadan kiya jata hai. chaval bharat ki sarvadhik matra men utpadit ki jane vali fasal hai. yahan lagabhag 34% bhoo-bhag par mote anaj ki kheti ki jati hai. bharat men chaval utpadak rajyon men pashchim bngal, uttar pradesh, andhr pradesh, bihar, madhy pradesh, chhattisagadh, tamilanadu, karnatak, udisa, asam tatha pnjab hai. yah dakshini aur poorvi bharat ke rajh‍yon ka mukhh‍y bhojan hai.

dhyan den adhik janakari ke lie dekhen:- chaval

ganna

desh men rnimit sabhi mukhy mithakarakon ke lie ganna ek mukhy kachcha mal hai. isaka upayog do pramukh kutir udyogon namatah gud tatha khndasari udyogon men bhi kiya jata hai. in donon udyogon se lagabhag 10 miliyan tan mithakarakon (gud aur khndasari) ka utpadan hota hai jisase desh men hue ganne ke utpadan ka lagabhag 28-35% ganne ka upayog hota hai. bharat men ganne ki kheti ka mukhy bhag ardh-ushnakatibndhiy bhag hai. is kshetr men uttar pradesh, uttaranchal, bihar, pnjab, hariyana mukhy ganna utpadak rajy hain. madhy pradesh, pashchim bngal, rajasthan aur asam ke bhi kuchh kshetron men ganna paida kiya jata hai, lekin in rajyon men utpadakata bahut hi kam hai.

dhyan den adhik janakari ke lie dekhen:- ganna

jvar

jh‍var vishh‍v ki ek mote anaj vali mahath‍vapoorn fasal hai. varsha adharit krishi ke liye jh‍var sabase upayukh‍t fasal hai. jh‍var fasal ka dohara labh milata hai. manav ahar ke sath-sath pashu ahar ke roop men isaki achh‍chhi khapat hoti hai. jh‍var ki fasal kam varsha men bhi achh‍chha upaj de sakati hai. vartaman samay men bharat men jvar ki kheti madhy pradesh, udisa, uttar pradesh tatha pnjab rajyon men bahutayat men ki jati hai. jh‍var ke dane ka upayog uchh‍ch gunavath‍ta vala elh‍kohal banane men bhi kiya jata hain.

dhyan den adhik janakari ke lie dekhen:- jvar

jau

jau ke paudhe gehoon ke paudhe ke saman hote hain aur utani hi oonchaee bhi hoti hai. jau khas taur par 3 tarah ki hoti hai. tikshn nok vale, nokarahit aur harapan lie hue barik. nokadar jau ko yav, bina nok ke kale tatha lalima lie hue jau ko atayav evn harapan lie hue nokarahit barik jau ko tokyayav kahate hain. yav ki apeksha atiyav aur atiyav ki apeksha tokyayav kam gun mane vale jate hain. jau ki ek jngali jati bhi hoti hai. us jati ke jau ka upayog- yoorop, amerika, chin, japan adi deshon men aushadhiyan banane ke lie hota hai.

dhyan den adhik janakari ke lie dekhen:- jau


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah