विश्व आघात दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv aghat divas
vishv aghat divas
vivaran 'vishv aghat divas' prativarsh 17 aktoobar ko manaya jata hai. jivan ko sabase nazuk samay ke dauran bachane aur suraksha ke mahatv par dhyan kendrit karane tatha aghat se hone vali mrityu se bachane v bachane ke liye poore vishv men yah manaya jata hai.
uddeshy duniya bhar men logon ko kisi bhi manasik ya sharirik chot ke prati jagarook karana aur janahit ko dhyan men rakhate hue sarakar ko svasthy nitiyon ke nirman ke lie prerit karana.
tithi 17 aktoobar
snbndhit lekh vishv svasthy divas
any janakari janavari, 2016 se sitnbar tak karib chhah sau logon ki maut ho chuki hai. varsh 2014 men yahan durghatana men marane valon ki snkhya 546 thi. yah ankade traiphik pulis se prapt hue hai. visheshgyon ka kahana hai ki in hadason se bachane ke lie agar vahan chalak sirph traiphik niyam ka palan karen to 60 pratishat tak kami a sakati hai.
adyatan‎

vishv aghat divas (angrezi: World Trauma Day) prativarsh 17 aktoobar ko manaya jata hai. vishv aghat divas jivan ko sabase nazuk kshanon ke dauran bachane aur suraksha ke mahatv par dhyan kendrit karane tatha aghat se hone vali mrityu se bachane ki taiyari evn mahatvapoorn upayon ko apanane ke lie manaya jata hai. vishv svasthy sngathan (dablyooecho) ke anusar vishvabhar men mrityu evn vikalangata ka pramukh karan aghat hai. aghat ka matalab "kisi bhi tarah ki sharirik evn manasik chot ho sakati hai". is tarah ki choton ke karanon ki kee vazah jaise ki sadak durghatana, ag, jalana, girana, prakritik ya manav nirmit apadaen aur hinsak krity tatha kamazor abadi “mahilaon, bachchon evn bujurgon” ke khilaf hone vale aparadh ho sakate hain. in sabhi karanon ke madhy vishvabhar men aghat ka pramukh karan sadak yatayat durghatana (aratie) hai. kee tarah ki chot asthayi ya sthayi vikalangata ko paida karati hai. jabaki any tarah ki chot mrityu ka karan bhi ho sakati hai.[1]

bharat men har chhah minat par ek vyakti sadak durghatana ke karan maut ka shikar ho jata hai. dilli ki sadakon par pharrata bhar rahe vahanon ne varsh 2015 men chhah sau se adhik logon ki jan le li. vahin ankadon ke mutabik janavari 2016 se sitnbar tak karib chhah sau logon ki maut ho chuki hai. varsh 2014 men yahan durghatana men marane valon ki snkhya 546 thi. yah ankade traiphik pulis se prapt hue hai. visheshgyon ka kahana hai ki in hadason se bachane ke lie agar vahan chalak sirph traiphik niyam ka palan karen to 60 pratishat tak kami a sakati hai.[2]

snjay gandhi snatakottar ayurvigyan snsthan (esajipijiaee) ke nyoorosarjari vibhag ke prophesar snjay bihari aur pro.arun shrivastav ke anusar sadak hadason ke karan hone vali maut men 70 phisad logon ki ayu 45 sal se kam hoti hai. sadak durghatana se logon ko niji v vyavasayik chalakon ke vyavahar men parivartan lakar, vairiyar, gati avarodhak, sit belt v helamet lagane ki badhyata, chikitsakiy v akasmik sevaon men sudhar, breth (sharab pine) parikshan sahit doosare upayon par jor dekar hi bachaya ja sakata hai.

visheshgyon ke mutabik, desh men har sal das lakh log hed injari ke shikar hote hain, jinamen se 75 se 80 phisad logon men sadak durghatana ke karan hoti hai. hed injari ke shikar 50 phisad log mar jate hain to 25 phisad log vikalang ho jate hain. yah ankade apako darane ke lie nahin balki sachet karane ke lie batae ja rahe hain. in ankadon men ap ki savadhani kami la sakati hai. pichhale do dashakon men sadak durghatana ke karan hone vali maut v bimariyon men 64 pratishat ki vriddhi darj ki gee hai.[2]

vishv aghat divas

sadak durghatana ke karan mauten

  • vishv svasthy sngathan ki riport ke anusar har sal jitane log bimar hote hain unamen se 2.6 pratishat log sadak durghatana ke karan bimar hote hain.
  • prativarsh kul jitani maut hoti hain unamen se 23 pratishat log sadak durghatana ke shikar hote hain.
  • visheshgyon ka kahana hai ki sadak durghatana ke kul 41 phisad mamalon men vahan ki tej gati maut ka karan banata hai.
  • sadak durghatana ke karan maut ke shikar hone vale 30 phisad mamalon men do pahiya vahan hote hai aur saikil tin phisad hoti hai.
  • helamet pahane se sir par gnbhir chot ki ashnka 72 phisad aur maut ki ashnka 39 phisad tak kam ho jati hai.[2]

ullekhaniy tathy

  • durghatana grast 85 se 90 phisad logon ki maut ki kami ka karan sharir men aksijan ki kami dekhi gee hai.
  • 160 phisad men hed injari 1 sadak durghatana ke shikar 60 pratishat logon ko hed injari hoti hai.
  • 30 pratishat logon ki ridh ki haddi men aghat hota hai. 10 pratishat logon ke hath-pair men phraikchar hota hai.
  • hed injari v ridh ki haddi men chot hi vyakti ko maut ki taraph le jati hai.
  • shvasan tntr badhit hone ke karan durghatana grast vyakti ka ilaj prabhavit hota hai.[2]

kya n karen

  1. gadi chalate samay gadi men baithe any logon se batachit karane se bachen.
  2. gadi men lage niyntrak upakaranon men talamel rakhen.
  3. kuchh khane ya pine se bachen.
  4. nind ane par gadi ko sadak kinare rok den.
  5. mobail phon par bat karate hue gadi n chalaen.
  6. vahan chalate samay stiriyo men kaiset ya sidi n badalen.[2]

kya karen

  1. jahan tak snbhav ho manasik tanav dene vali batachit se bache.
  2. enti elarjik davaon ka sevan karane ke bad gadi mat chalaen.
  3. sel phon par bat karana ho to pahale gadi surakshit sthan par khadi karen.
  4. sit belt v helamet ke prayog men kotahi n baraten.
  5. sharab ya doosare kisi nashe ka sevan kar gadi kabhi mat chalae.
  6. durghatana men shikar vyakti ko uthane men savadhani baraten, bahari raktasnav ko rokane ke lie us sthan par kapada bandh den.
  7. apane mobail phon ko aisi jagah rakhe jahan se asani se dekh saken.
  8. gadi chalate samay haind phri set ka prayog karen[2]
vishv aghat divas

savadhani baraten

  1. dopahiya vahan chalate samay helamet ka prayog karen.
  2. char pahiya vahan chalate samay sit belt ka avashy lagaen.
  3. 40 se adhik spid men vahan n chalaen.
  4. bayen se ovaratek n karen.
  5. sharab pikar vahan katee n chalaen.
  6. brekar par spid dhimi kar den.
  7. said milane par hi ovaratek karen.
  8. traiphik signal ka palan karen.
  9. vahanon men phag lait ka prayog karen.
  10. haeeve par 20-30 ki spid men hi vahan chalaen.
  11. sadak kinare vahan park karate samay age pichhe ke dipar jala kar rakhen.
  12. vahan chalate samay lo bim lait ka prayog karen.
  13. vahan chalate samay sadak par bani rod sain (pile rng patti) ko dekhate hue chalen, kyonki pili patti lait padane par chamakati hai. isase apako sadak ke gaddhe aur oobad-khabad hone ke bare men pata chalata hai.
  14. sardi ate hi shahar ke bahari ilakon samet andar ki sadakon par ghana kohara chha jata hai, jis karan vahan chalate samay vishesh savadhani baratani chahie.[2]
durghatana hone par kya karen?
  • apatakalin helpalain nnbar par turnt kaaul karen tatha jald se jald paryapt sahayata prapt karen. yah yad rakhen ki ghayal vyakti ke lie har kshan mahatvapoorn hota hai.
  • yah behad mahatvapoorn hai ki ghayal vyakti ko ek ghnte ke bhitar chikitsa dekhabhal prapt hon (apatakalin phon nnbar).
  • durghatana ki vistrit janakari dene ke lie turnt pulis ko fon karen.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 vishv traauma divas (hindi) hi.nhp.gov.in. abhigaman tithi: 18 aktoobar, 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 vishv traauma divas (hindi) patrika.com. abhigaman tithi: 18 aktoobar, 2016.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

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