विश्व पशु कल्याण दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv pashu kalyan divas
vishv pashu kalyan divas
vivaran 'vishv pashu kalyan divas' ek antararashtriy divas hai, jo ki prativarsh 4 aktoobar ko manaya jata hai. yah din asisi ke sent phransis ka janmadivas bhi hai, jo ki janavaron ke mahan snrakshak the.
tithi prativarsh 4 aktoobar
shuruat 1931
any janakari is divas ko manane ki shuruat 1931 eesvi men paristhiti vigyanashastriyon ke sammalen men itali ke shahar phlorens men ki gayi thi. snyukt rashtr ne “pashu kalyan par ek sarvabhaum ghoshana” ke niyam evn nirdeshon ke adhin anek abhiyanon ki shuruat ki.

vishv pashu kalyan divas prativarsh 4 aktoobar ko manaya jata hai. vartaman men janavaron ki suraksha sabase bada vishay banakar rah gaya hai. pichhale 40-50 salon men janavaron ki sthiti itani badtar huee hai, jisaka andaja lagane se bhi rooh kanp jati hai. janavaron men pichhale 1970 se 2010 ke madhy lagabhag 50 pratishat kami ayi hai. aj ki duniya men manav khud janavar banata chala ja raha hai. enatole phrans ne kaha tha ki- "jab tak insan kisi janavar se prem nahin karata, tab tak usaki atma ka ek hissa soya hua hota hai." ek sarve men jari riport men pata chala ki pratyek varsh vishvabhar men lagabhag 56 arab janavaron ki hatya kar di jati hai, chahe vah dharmik uddeshy se ho ya any karanon se. duniya bhar men har sekend lagabhag 3000 janavaron ki mrityu ho jati hai. is srishti ke rachayita ne duniya men sabhi ko saman jivan ka avasar pradan kiya hai, parantu manushy svartharat janavaron ki bali chadha deta hai, jisaka prabhav samaj evn paryavaran men sidhe taur par pada hai.

shuruat

vishv pashu kalyan divas 4 aktoobar ko manaya jata hai. yah ek antararashtriy divas hai. yah din asisi kesent phransis ka janmadivas bhi hai jo ki janavaron ke mahan snrakshak the. vishv pashu kalyan divas manane ki shuruat 1931 eesvi men paristhiti vigyanashastriyon ke sammalen men itali ke shahar phlorens men ki gayi thi. snyukt rashtr ne “pashu kalyan par ek sarvabhaum ghoshana” ke niyam evn nirdeshon ke adhin anek abhiyanon ki shuruat ki. naitikata ki drishti se, snyukt rashtr ne apane sarvabhaum ghoshana men pashuon ke dard aur pida ke sandarbh men unhen snvedanashil prani ke roop men pahachan dene ki bat ki. is divas ka mool uddeshy vilupt hue praniyon ki raksha karana aur manav se unake snbndhon ko majaboot karana tha. sath hi pashuon ke kalyan ke sandarbh men vishv pashu kalyan divas ka ayojan karana tha. hinduon ki astha ke pratik “gaumata” ki hatya par poorn pabandi ho.[1]

uddeshy

vishv pashu kalyan divas ka mool uddeshy pashu kalyan manakon men sudhar karana aur vyaktiyon, samooh aur sngathanon ka samarthan prapt karana aur janavaron ke prati pyar prakat karana taki unaka jivan saksham aur behatar ho sake. is karan se yah divas “pashu premi divas” ke roop men jana jata hai. yah ek behatarin divas hai, jo vishv bhar ke logon ka janavaron ke prati pyar prakat karane ka mahatvapoorn divas hai, lekin is divas ke ujagar hone ke pichhe bhi kee karan jimmedar hain. in sabhi tathyon men janavaron ke prati prakat kiye jane vale ghrinaspad vyavahar, avara kutton aur billliyon ke prati vyavahar, unaka amanaviy vyapar adi bhi pramukh karan the. isake alava kisi prakritik apada ke samay bhi in janavaron ke prati doyam darje ka vyavahar kiya jata tha aur unaki suraksha ke prati laparavahi barati jati thi.

samaroh

vishv pashu kalyan divas vastav men ek mahatvapoorn divas hai. yah vividh madhyamon se hamen kee chijon ko yad dilata hai, jisamen janavar hamare jivan ki gunavatta men vriddhi karate hain. is divas ko dher sare divason ka ayojan kiya jata hai. arthat jaise vishv pashu kalyan abhiyan, pashuon ke lie bachav ashrayon ka udghatan aur phnd jutane se sambndhit karyakramon ka ayojan ityadi. isake alava skool aur kalejon men bhi vany jivon se judi dher sari janakariyon ko tivi aur knpyootar ke madhyam se sajha kiya jata hai. isake alava kee sngathanon ke dvara janavaron ke lie ashray ke nirman ka karyakram bhi svaynsevako ke dvara prayojit kiya jata hai.

qanoon

pashu kalyan ke lie anekon qanoonon aur adhiniyamon ki bhi vyavastha ki gayi hai, jaise- “pashu kroorata adhiniyam 1835” joki vishv men janavaron ke sandarbh men pratham adhiniyam hai jisaki sthapana briten men ki gayi thi. isake pashchat “pashusnrakshan adhiniyam 1911” prakash men aya. jisake parinamasvaroop janavaron ki raksha ke lie “pashu kalyan adhiniyam, 1966″ namak ameriki rashtriy qanoon prakash men aya. bharat men pashuon ki suraksha ke lie “janavaron ke prati kroorata ki rokatham adhiniyam 1966″ ko laya gaya. yah varsh 1965 ka samay tha, jab briten sarakar ne janavaron ke kalyan ke lie ek janch abhiyan shuroo kiya tha. is abhiyan ke pramukh anveshak prophesar rojar brambel the. yah abhiyan ruth hairisan ki kitab “enimal mashin” men uthayi gayi chintaon dhyan men rakhate hue shuroo kiya gaya tha. is kitab k prakashan 1964 men kiya gaya tha. is sandarbh men prophesar rojar brambel nen apani riport prastut ki. is riport ke adhar par briten ki sarakar nen san 1967 men “enimal velapheyar edavaijari samiti” ki sthapana ki. bad men yah samiti varsh 1979 “pharm enimal velapheyar kaunsil” men parivartit ho gayi. is samiti ke pratham disha-nirdeshon ke anusar yah kaha gaya ki sarvapratham janavaron ko sone aur khade hone ki svatntrata honi chahie. sath hi unhen ghumane aur vicharan karane ki bhi svatntrata honi chahie. isake alava bhi is samiti nen kuchh disha-nirdeshon ko diya jise phaiv phridam ke nam se bhi jana jata hai.[1]

briten men, ‘pashu kalyan adhiniyam 2006” ne pashu kalyan ke sandarbh men anek samekan ka kary kiya. isake bad anek sngathanon nen yoonaited neshns (pashu kalyan par ek sarvabhaum ghoshana) ke disha-nirdeshon ke adhin anek abhiyanon ko prarnbh kiya. naitikata ki drishti se, snyukt rashtr ne apane sarvabhaum ghoshana men pashuo ke dard aur pida ke sandarbh men unhen snvedanashil prani ke roop men pahachan dene ki bat ki. isake pashchat usane yah bhi kaha ki janavaron ke sandarbh men kiye jane vale sabhi kalyanakari kary samaj seva ke roop men hain. ise n keval rashtriy star par balki vaishvik star par bhi phailaya jana chahie aur pratyek vyakti ke kartavyon men shamil kiya jana chahie. pashuo ke kalyanakari karyon ke sandarbh men kiye jane vale kary vividh mahatvapoorn sngathanon ke sahayog se kiya jana chahie. sath hi hyooman sosaiti intaraneshanal ka bhi sahayog liya jana chahie.

pashu kalyan pakhavada

pashupalan vibhag dvara pashu kalyan pakhavada ayojit kiya jata hai. is dauran banjh nivaran, pashu shaly chikitsa shiviron ka ayojan kiya jata hai. shiviron ke dauran pashu kroorata ki rokatham evn labhanvit pashu palakon v jiv jantu kalyan se snbndhit karyo ki pragati ki janakari bhi upalabdh karayi jati hai. vibhag dvara gram pnchayaton, nagarapalikaon, gaushalaon men chetana shivir, goshthiyon evn pashu kalyan jan jagriti railiyon ka ayojan kiya jata hai. in divason men samast rajy men pashu-pakshiyon ka vadh karana evn mans adi ki bikri par anivary roop se pratibndh rahana chahie. is karyakram men jila evn gramin star par karyarat svayn sevi snsthaon tatha gair sarakari snsthaon ki bhi bhagidari sunishchit ki jani chahie. shikshan snsthaon ke madhyam se jiv jantuon ke prati kroorata nivaran par adharit vyakhyanon ke madhyam se janakari di jae tatha snbndhit vishay par chitrakala evn vad-vivad pratiyogitaen bhi ayojit ki jaen.

janavaron ke prati pyar prakat karane ka divas

vishv pashu kalyan divas ek behatarin divas hai, jo vishv bhar ke logon ka janavaron ke prati pyar prakat karane ka mahatvapoorn divas hai, lekin is divas ke ujagar hone ke pichhe bhi kee karan hain. jahan pashuon ki vibhinn prajatiyon ko vilupt hone se bachane aur unaki raksha karane ki bat hai, vahin hamen is bat ka bhi dhyan rakhana chahie ki ham pashuon par kroorata karane se bachen. is divas ka mool uddeshy vilupt hue praniyon ki raksha karana aur manav se unake snbndhon ko majaboot karana tha. sath hi pashuon ke kalyan ke sandarbh vishv pashu kalyan divas ka ayojan karana hai. taki unake prati snvedana sthapit karane ke sath-sath pashuon ki hatya aur kroorata par rok lagayi ja sake. gohatya par poorn pabandi lagayi jaye. pichhale kuchh mahinon se gayon ki suraksha ko lekar poore bharat men josh ki ek lahar phaili thi, jis par kee rajanaitik mudde bhi uthe, lekin pashu kroorata ki kahani jaise samapt hone ka nam hi nahin leti. jabaki ham sabhi janate hain ki bharat men, pashuon ki suraksha ke lie “janavaron ke prati kroorata ki rokatham adhiniyam 1966″ ko laya gaya tha. ye janate hue bhi ye kroorata jari hai. ek janakari ke mutabik bharat ke 29 men se 10 rajy aise hain, jahan gay, bachhada, bail, sand aur bhains ko katane aur unaka mans khane par koee pratibndh nahin hai. baqi 18 rajyon men go-hatya par poori ya anshik rok hai. ye rok 11 rajyon– bharat prashasit kashmir, himachal pradesh, pnjab, hariyana, uttarakhnd, uttar pradesh, rajasthan, gujarat, madhy pradesh, maharashtr, chhattisagadh aur do kendr prashasit rajyon– dilli, chndigadh men lagoo hai. go-hatya qanoon ke ullnghan par sabase kadi saza bhi inhin rajyon men tay ki gee hai. hariyana men sabase zyada ek lakh rupe ka jurmana aur 10 sal ki jel ki saza ka pravadhan hai. vahin maharashtr men go-hatya par 10,000 rupe ka jurmana aur panch sal ki jel ki saza hai.[1]

surabhe tvanjagatmata devi vishnu pade sthita.
grasn grahan maddattn gaurmatastratumarhasi॥


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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 vishv pashu kalyan divas (hindi) pravakta.com. abhigaman tithi: 17 julaee, 2018.

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