विश्व किडनी दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv kidani divas
vishv kidani divas
vivaran 'vishv kidani divas' vishvabhar men manaya jane vala mahattvapoorn divas hai. mahilaon ki maut ka 8van bada karan kidani (gurde) ki kharabi hai. duniya bhar ki 19.5 lakh mahilaen kidani rog se prabhavit hain.
tithi prativarsh march ka doosara guruvar
uddeshy manav svasthy men kidani ke mahattv ke prati sab men jagarookata badhana
snbndhit lekh manav sharir, gurda
any janakari kronik kidani rog (sikedi) mahilaon men mrityu ka athavan pramukh karan hai, jisase ek sal men 6,00,000 se jyada mahilaon ki mrityu ho jati hai.
adyatan‎

vishv kidani divas (angrezi: World Kidney Day) prativarsh march ke doosare guruvar ko manaya jata hai. yah vishvabhar men kidani rog aur usase snbndhit svasthy samasyaon ke prabhav ko kam karane ke lie hamare svasthy men kidani ke mahatv ke prati jagarookata badhane ke lie vaishvik jagarookata abhiyan hai. vishv men das vyaktiyon men se ek vyakti kidani rog se prabhavit hai. vishv kidani divas 'antarrashtriy sosayati aauf nephrolaauji' (aeeesen) aur 'intaraneshanal phedareshan aauf kidani phaundeshan' (aeeephakeeph) ki ek snyukt pahal hai. vishv kidani divas ka varsh 2018 ka vishay "kidani evn mahila svasthy: samavesh, mahatv, sashakt banae" hai.

shuruat

kidani ke prati logon ko jagarook karane ke lie pratyek varsh 'vishv kidani divas' ka ayojan kiya jata hai, jo ki kidani ke mahatv par dhyan kendrit karata hai aur vishv bhar men kidani ki bimari aur usase snbndhit pareshani ke avritti aur prabhav ko kam karata hai. vishv kidani divas ki shuruat do sal pahale huee thi. vaise to varsh 2006 se hi logon ko kidani se snbndhi rogon ke prati jagarook karana shuroo kar diya gaya tha. is divas ka mukhy uddeshy logon ko kidani se ho rahi samasya ka nidan dilana hai. 'intaraneshanal sosayati aauf kidani disijes' aur 'intaraneshanal sosayati aauf nephrolaauji' ke jarie nirantar badh rahi kidani ki bimari ko badhata dekh yah divas manane ka phaisala liya gaya tha. taki vishv ka har ek vyakti jagarook ho sake. vishv kidani divas pratyek varsh march mah ke doosare guruvar ko manaya jata hai.[1]

kidani ka mahattv

manav sharir do kidani ke sath janm leta hai. lekin hamari sirph ek kidani hi sabhi mahatvapoorn karyon ko poora karane men saksham hoti hai. kidani ki kharabi ke karan koee gnbhir bimari ya mrityu bhi ho sakati hai. kidani ki tulana supar knpyootar ke sath ki gee hai, kyonki jis prakar supar knpyootar ki pareshani ko samajhana jatil hota hai, usi prakar kidani ki rachana badi vismayakarak hai aur usake kary atynt jatil hain. kidani sharir ka rakt saph karake yoorin banati hai aur sharir se yoorin ko bahar nikalane ka kam mootravahini karati hai. mahilaon aur purushon donon ke sharir men samanyat: do kidani hoti hain. kidani pet ke andar, pichhe ke hisse men, ridh ki haddi ke donon or, chhati ki pasaliyon ke bich surakshit tarike se sthit hoti hai. kidani, pet ke bhitari bhag men sthit hoti hain.

kidani ke mukhy kary

  1. rakt ka shuddhikaran
  2. apashisht utpadon ko sharir se bahar nikalana
  3. sharir men aml evn kshar ka sntulan banaye rakhana
  4. rakt ke dabav par niyntran rakhana
  5. rakt kanon ke utpadan men sahayata karana
  6. haddiyon ki majabooti men sahayata pradan karana

kharab hone ke karan

  1. paryapt aram n karana
  2. yoorin (mootr) ane par rok lena
  3. kam pani pina
  4. atyadhik namak ka sevan karana
  5. uchch rakt dab hone par laparavahi karana
  6. madhumeh ke ilaj men laparavahi karana
  7. atyadhik mans ka sevan karana
  8. jyada matra men dard nivarak davaen lena
  9. bahut adhik sharab aur dhoomrapan karana
  10. thande pey padarth v soda adi adhik lena

mahila svasthy aur kidani

  1. kronik kidani rog (sikedi) mahilaon men mrityu ka athavan pramukh karan hai, jisase ek sal men 6,00,000 se jyada mahilaon ki mrityu ho jati hai.
  2. kronik kidani rog vishv men lagabhag 195 karod mahilaon ko prabhavit karata hai.
  3. mahilaon men purushon ki tulana men sikedi adhik paya jata hai, jisamen ausatan 14% mahilaen aur 12% purush prabhavit ho sakate hain.
  4. mahilaon men kuchh kidani rog, jaise ki lyoopas nephropaithi aur kidani snkraman adhik samany hain.
  5. sikedi ka phailav badh raha hai tatha yah prasav ke varshon men 3% mahilaon ko prabhavit kar sakata hai.
  6. sikedi se pidit man aur bachche men nakaratmak svasthy parinamon ka zokhim badh jata hai.
  7. garbhavastha-snbndhi jatilataon se kidani rog ka zokhim badh jata hai; pri-klempasiya se pidit mahila men kidani ki viphalata ke vikas ki snbhavanaen char se panch guna adhik ho jati hain.
  8. mahilaen, jinhonne saphalatapoorvak kidani pratyaropan kiya hai, unaki prajanan kshamata punah sthapit ho sakati hai tatha garbhavastha se judi jatilataen kam ho jati hain.
  9. garbhavastha men sikedi ki paryapt janakari evn rog ka samay par pata lagane tatha adhik jagarookata ki spasht avashyakata hoti hai.[2]

kronik kidani rog kya hai?

kronik kidani rog (sikedi) mahinon ya varshon se lagatar hone vala nukasan hai. jab kidani prakriya ek nishchit bindu se kam ho jati hai, to use kidani ki viphalata kaha jata hai tatha anupacharit kidani ki viphalata jivan ke lie ghatak ho sakati hai, jisamen jivan ko banae rakhane ke lie dayalisis ya kidani pratyaropan ki avashyakata hoti hai. kronik kidani rog ka karan madhumeh, uchch raktachap aur any vikar ho sakate hain. rog ka shighr pata lagana aur upachar pray: kronik kidani rog ko badatar hone se bacha sakata hai.

kya ap janate hain

  1. kidani rog sailent kilar hai. kronik kidani rog ki shuruat men koee snket ya lakshan nahin hota hai.
  2. kronik kidani rog samanyat: poora thik nahin hota hai.
  3. kidani rog ki janch ke lie rakt aur mootr parikshan ka upayog kiya jata hai.
  4. kidani rog ka upachar kiya ja sakata hai. sikedi ka shighr pata lagana prabhavi upachar prapt karane ka behatar avasar pradan karata hai.
  5. kidani rog kidani ki viphalata utpann kar sakata hai.

pradhanamntri rashtriy dayalisis karyakram

rashtriy svasthy mishan ke tahat 'rashtriy dayalisis karyakram' bharat sarakar ke svasthy aur parivar kalyan mntralay ki ek pahal hai. ise zila aspatal men sarvajanik niji bhagidari (pipipimoda) ki sahabhagita ke sath varsh 2016 men shuroo kiya gaya tha. is karyakram ka uddeshy rogi ke nazadik jivan rakshak pranali ko pradan karana evn unake upachar ke lie kie ge kharchon men kami lana hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vishv kidani divas, 2018 (hindi) rajexpress.co.
  2. vishv kidani divas (hindi) hi.nhp.gov.in.

snbndhit lekh

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