विश्व हीमोफ़ीलिया दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv himofiliya divas
vishv himofiliya divas
vivaran 'vishv himofiliya divas' poore vishv men phaili gambhir bimari 'himofiliya' ke prati logon men jagarukata lane ke lie manaya jata hai.
manane ki tithi 17 aprail
shuruat 1989
uddeshy is divas ko manane ka uddeshy himofiliya ke prati logon men jagarukata lana hai.
vishesh 'himofiliya' rog ka pata sarvapratham us vakt laga, jab briten ki maharani viktoriya ke vnshaj ek ke bad ek is bimari ki chapet men ane lage. shahi parivar ke kee sadasyon ke himofiliya se pidit hone ke karan hi ise 'shahi bimari' kaha jane laga tha.
any janakari 'himofiliya' ke prati jagarukata lane ke lie 1989 se is divas ki shuruat ki gee. tab se har sal 'varld fedareshan aauf himofiliya' ke snsthapak phraink kainebal ke janmadin 17 aprail ke din 'vishv himofiliya divas manaya jata hai.

vishv himofiliya divas (angrezi: World Hemophilia Day) 17 aprail ko manaya jata hai. is din ka uddeshy himofiliya rog aur rakt bahane snbndhi any bimariyon ke prati logon men jagarukata phailana hai. pratyek varsh '17 aprail' ko 'vishv himofiliya divas' ke roop men manaya jata hai. himofiliya rakt se judi ek khataranak aur janaleva bimari hai. is bimari men chot lagane ya kisi any vajah se rakt bahana shuroo hone par band nahin hota, jis karan yah janaleva siddh hoti hai.

itihas

'shahi bimari' kahe jane vale rog 'himofiliya' ka pata sarvapratham us vakt chala tha, jab briten ki maharani viktoriya ke vnshaj ek ke bad ek is bimari ki chapet men ane lage. shahi parivar ke kee sadasyon ke himofiliya se pidit hone ke karan hi ise 'shahi bimari' kaha jane laga tha. purushon men is bimari sambhavana sabase adhik hoti hai. is samay vishvabhar men lagabhag 50 hazar se zyada log is rog se pidit hain.[1]

jagarukata

poore vishv men is bimari ke prati logon men jagarukata lane ke lie 17 aprail ko 'vishv himofiliya divas' manaya jata hai. 'vishv himofiliya divas' ka lakshy is bimari ke prati jagarookata phailana aur sabhi ke lie upachar upalabdh karana hai. himofiliya ek anuvanshik bimari hai, jo mahilaon ki tulana men purushon men adhik hoti hai. is bimari se grast vyakti men khoon ke thakke asani se nahin ban pate hain. aise men jara-si chot lagane par bhi rogi ka bahut sara khoon bah jata hai. darasal, is bimari ki sthiti men khoon ke thakka jamane ke lie avashyak protinon ki kami ho jati hai.

shuruat

isake prati jagarookata phailane ke lie 1989 se 'vishv himofiliya divas' manane ki shuruat ki gee. tab se har sal 'varld fedareshan aauf himofiliya' (dablyooephech) ke snsthapak phraink kainebal ke janmadin 17 aprail ke din 'vishv himofiliya divas manaya jata hai. phraink ki 1987 men snkramit khoon ke karan eds hone se maut ho gee thi. dablyooephech ek antarrashtriy sngathan hai, jo is rog se grast marijon ka jivan behatar banane ki disha men kam karata hai.

himofiliya

himofiliya rakt se judi khataranak bimari hai. is bimari men chot lagane ya kisi any vajah se rakt ka bahana shuroo to ho jata hai, lekin phir use rokana mushkil ho jata hai. alag-alag marijon men rog ki gnbhirata men antar hota hai. kuchh marijon men rakt ke jamane ki kshamata kam hoti hai, jabaki bimari bigadane par yah bilkul samapt ho jati hai. yah bimari lailaj zaroor hai, par sahi ilaj dvara niyntrit ki ja sakati hai. is rog ka ek karan rakt protin ki kami bataee jati hai, jise 'klaauting phaiktar' kaha jata hai. is phaiktar ke karan hi bahate hue rakt ka thakka jamata hai aur khoon bahana rukata hai.[1]

prakar

himofiliya do prakar ka hota hai. inamen se ek himofiliya 'e' aur doosara himofiliya 'bi' hai. himofiliya 'e' samany roop se paee jane vali bimari hai. isamen rakt men thakke banane ke lie avashyak 'phaiktar 8' ki kami ho jati hai. himofiliya 'bi' men khoon men 'phaiktar 9' ki kami ho jati hai. panch hazar se das hazar purushon men se ek ke himofiliya 'e' grast hone ka khatara rahata hai, jabaki 20,000 se 34,000 purushon men se ek ke himofiliya 'bi' grast hone ka khatara rahata hai.

mahattvapoorn tathy

mahilaon ke is bimari se grast hone ka khatara bahut kam hota hai. ve jyadatar is bimari ke lie jimmedar anuvanshik ikaiyon ki vahak ki bhoomika nibhati hain. vartaman men mahattvapoorn tathy yah bhi hai ki is rog se grast 70 pratishat marijon men is bimari ki pahachan tak nahin ho pati aur 75 pratishat rogiyon ka ilaj nahin ho pata. isaki vajah logon ke pas svasthy jagarukata ki kami aur sarakaron ki is bimari ke prati udasinata to hai hi sath hi ek mahatvapoorn karak yah bhi hai ki is bimari ki pahachan karane ki takanik aur ilaj mahnga hai. parinamasvaroop is bimari se grast jyadatar marij bachapan men hi mar jate hain aur jo bachate hain, ve vikalangata ke sath jivanayapan karane ko majaboor hote hain.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 himofiliya (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 09 aprail, 2014.

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