अंतर्राष्ट्रीय नशा निरोधक दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

antarrashtriy nasha nirodhak divas
antarrashtriy nasha nirodhak divas
vivaran nashili vastuon aur padarthon ke nivaran hetu 'snyukt rashtr mahasabha' ne 7 disambar, 1987 ko prastav snkhya 42/112 parit kar har varsh '26 joon' ko 'antarrashtriy nasha nirodhak divas' manane ka nirnay liya tha.
tithi 26 joon
shuruat 1987
uddeshy yah divas ek taraf logon men chetana phailata hai, vahin doosari or nashe ke lati logon ke upachar ki disha men bhi mahattvapoorn kary karata hai.
vishesh tathy kuchh bachche phevikol, taral irezar, petrol ki gndh aur svad se akarshit hote hain. kee bar kam umr ke bachche ayodeks, volini jaisi davaon ko soonghakar isaka annd uthate hain. kuchh mamalon men inhen bred par lagakar khane ke bhi udaharan dekhe ge hain.
snbndhit lekh vishv dhoomrapan nishedh divas
any janakari varsh 2001 ke ek rashtriy sarvekshan men bharatiy purushon men aphim sevan ki uchch dar 12 se 60 sal ki umr tak ke logon men 0.7 pratishat prati mah dekhi gee.

antarrashtriy nasha nirodhak divas pratyek varsh 26 joon ko manaya jata hai. nashili vastuon aur padarthon ke nivaran hetu 'snyukt rashtr mahasabha' ne 7 disambar, 1987 ko prastav snkhya 42/112 parit kar har varsh 26 joon ko 'antarrashtriy nasha v madak padarth nishedh divas' manane ka nirnay liya tha. yah ek taraf logon men chetana phailata hai, vahin doosari or nashe ke lati logon ke upachar ki disha men bhi mahattvapoorn kary karata hai. 'antararashtriy nasha nirodhak divas' ke avasar par madak padarth evn aparadh se muqabale ke lie 'snyukt rashtr sngh' ka karyalay yooenodisi ek nara deta hai. is avasar par madak padarthon se muqabale ke lie vibhinn deshon dvara uthaye gaye qadamon tatha is marg men utpann chunautiyon aur unake nivaran ka ullekh kiya jata hai. '26 joon' ka din madak padarthon se muqabale ka pratik ban gaya hai. is avasar par madak padarthon ke utpadan, taskari evn sevan ke dushparinamon se logon ko avagat karaya jata hai.

shuruat

samaj men din-pratidin sharab, madak padarthon v dravyon ke sevan ki badhati huee pravritti ko rokane ke lie samajik nyay vibhag dvara abhiyan chalaya gaya. is ayojan ka uddeshy samaj men badhati huee madyapan, tambakoo, gutakha, sigaret ki lat evn nashile madak dravyon, padarthon ke dushparinamon se samaj ko avagat karana tha, taki madak dravy evn madak padarthon ke sevan ki rokatham ke lie uchit vatavaran evn chetana ka nirman ho sake. antarrashtriy star par madak padarth evn gair-kanooni len-den jyada badh jane ke karan chinta ka vishay ban gaya, tab yoo.en. janaral asambali ne 7 disambar, 1987 men ek prastav parit kiya, jisake antargat prativarsh 26 joon ko antarrashtriy madak padarth evn gair-kanooni lene-den virodhi divas ke roop men manaye jane ka nishchay kiya gaya. is divas ke madhyam se jan-sadharan ko nashe ke khatare evn nashe men gair-kanooni len-den ke khilaf sarakar dvara uthaye jane vale kadamon ko parichit karaya jana avashyak samajha gaya.[1]

bharat men nashe ki sthiti

snyukt rashtr ki taja riport ke anusar dakshin eshiya men bharat bhi heroin ka bada upabhokta desh banata ja raha hai. gauratalab hai ki aphim se hi heroin banati hai. bharat ke kuchh bhagon men dhadalle se aphim ki kheti ki jati hai aur parnparik taur par isake bij 'posto' se sabji bhi banaee jati hai. kintu jaise-jaise isaka upayog ek madak padarth ke roop men arnbh hua, yah khataranak roop leta gaya. varsh 2001 ke ek rashtriy sarvekshan men bharatiy purushon men aphim sevan ki uchch dar 12 se 60 sal ki umr tak ke logon men 0.7 pratishat prati mah dekhi gee. isi prakar 2001 ke rashtriy sarvekshan ke anusar hi 12 se 60 varsh ki purush abadi men bhang ka sevan karane valon ki dar mahine ke hisab se tin pratishat madak padarth aur aparadh mamalon se snbndhit snyukt rashtr karyalay (yooenodisi) ki riport ke hi anusar bharat men jis aphim ko heroin men tabdil nahin kiya jata, usaka do tihaee hissa panch deshon men istemal hota hai. eeran 42 pratishat, afaganistan 7 pratishat, pakistan 7 pratishat, bharat chhah pratishat aur roos men isaka panch pratishat istemal hota hai. riport ke anusar bharat ne 2008 men 17 mitrik tan heroin ki khapat ki aur vartaman men usaki aphim ki khapat anumanat: 65 se 70 mitrik tan prati varsh hai. kul vaishvik upabhog ka chhah pratishat bharat men hone ka matalab ki bharat men 1500 se 2000 hekteyar men aphim ki avaidh kheti hoti hai. yah tathy vastav men khataranak hai.[2]

nashe ka shikar hota yuva varg

madak padarthon ke nashe ki lat aj ke yuvaon men teji se fail rahi hai. kee bar phaishan ki khatir doston ke ukasave par lie ge ye madak padarth aksar janaleva hote hain. kuchh bachche to phevikol, taral irezar, petrol ki gndh aur svad se akarshit hote hain aur kee bar kam umr ke bachche ayodeks, volini jaisi davaon ko soonghakar isaka annd uthate hain. kuchh mamalon men inhen bred par lagakar khane ke bhi udaharan dekhe ge hain. majak-majak aur jigyasavash kiye ge ye prayog kab koreks, koden, ailprajolam, alpraks, kainebis jaise davaon ko bhi ghere men le lete hain, pata hi nahin chalata. phir skool-kaaulejon ya pas-pados men galat sngati ke doston ke sath hi gutakha, sigaret, sharab, ganja, bhang, aphim aur dhoomrapan sahit charas, smaik, kokin, braun shugar jaise ghatak madak davaon ke sevan ki or apane ap kadam badh jate hain. pahale unhen madak padarth phri men upalabdh karakar isaka lati banaya jata hai aur phir lati banane par ve isake lie chori se lekar aparadh tak karane ko taiyar ho jate hai. .nashe ke lie upayog men laee jani vali suiyan ech.aee.vi. ka karan bhi banati hain, jo antat: eds ka roop dharan kar leti hai. kee bar to bachche ghar ke hi sadasyon se nashe ki adat sikhate hain. unhen lagata hai ki jo bade kar rahe hain, vah thik hai aur phir ve bhi ghar men hi chori arnbh kar dete hain. chikitsakiy adhar par dekhen to aphim, heroin, charas, kokin, tatha smaik jaise madak padarthon se vyakti vastav men apana manasik sntulan kho baithata hai evn pagal tatha suptavastha men ho jata hai. ye aise uttejana lane vale padarth hain, jinaki lat ke prabhav men vyakti aparadh tak kar baithata hai. mamala sirph svasthy se nahin apitu aparadh se bhi juda hua hai. kaha bhi gaya hai ki jivan anamol hai. nashe ke sevan se yah anamol jivan samay se pahale hi maut ka shikar ho jata hai.[2]

mahilaon men madyapan ki pravritti

aj desh men sharab ka sevan karane valon ki snkhya badhati ja rahi hai, sath hi badh rahi hai madyapan ke karan maut se joojhane valon ki snkhya. 15 se 20 pratishat bharatiy aj sharab pi rahe hain. 20 sal pahale jahan 300 logon men se ek vyakti sharab ka sevan karata tha, vahin aj 20 men se ek vyakti sharabakhor hai. parntu mahilaon men is pravritti ka ana samasya ki gnbhirata darshata hai. pichhale do dashakon men madyapan karane vali mahilaon ki snkhya men teji se vriddhi huee hai. vishesh kar uchch tatha uchch madhyam varg ki mahilaon men yah ek phaishan ke roop men arnbh hota hai aur phir dhire-dhire adat men shumar hota chala jata hai. mahilaon men madyapan ki badhati pravritti ke snbndh men kie ge sarvekshan darshate hain ki qarib 40 pratishat mahilaen isaki girapht men a chuki hain. inamen se kuchh mahilaen khuleam tatha kuchh chhip-chhip kar sharab ka sevan karati hain. mahanagaron aur bade shaharon ki kamakaji mahilaon ke chhatravason men yah bahut hi am hota ja raha hai. mahanagaron men sthit sharab mukti kendron ke aaunkadon se gyat hota hai ki nashe ki girapht se chhutakara pane hetu ane vale 10 vyaktiyon men se 4 mahilaen hoti hain.[3] at: sab ka dhyan is or jana svabhavik hai ki akhir mahilaon men badhati madyapan ki pravritti ke pichhe karan kya hain?

karan

kuchh had tak adhunik rahan-sahan, pashchim ka andhanukaran, madyapan ko samajik manyata, asani se sharab ki upalabdhata, tanav, avasad v purushon se barabari ki hod ko isake lie zimmedar thaharaya ja sakata hai. purane samay ke mukabale adhunik yug men sharab ko adhik samajik manyata mili huee hai. badi partiyon men to yah avashyak ang ban gee hai. bahurashtriy knpaniyon, jan snchar madhayamon adi se judi mahilaen pashchimi sabhyata ke rng men rng kar sharab ko apana leti hain. yahi nahin ab to phaishan ki ad le kar kaaulej ki chhatraen tak sharab ka sevan kar baithati hain. manochikitsakon ke anusar samay parivartan ke sath-sath mahilaon ki samajik sthiti men bhi badalav hua hai. ghar bahar ki dohari jimmedariyon ko nibhati aj ki nari adhik tanav evn manasik dabav tale ji rahi hai. saphalata ke marg par chalane ke sath hi un par kary ka bojh bhi badhata ja raha hai. rojamarra ki anek samasyaon se ghiri kee mahilaen isaka hal sharab ke nashe ke roop men pati hain. kabhi-kabhi purushon ki barabari ka dava karati mahilaen is nashe ki lat men pad jati hain.

kamakaji mahilaon ke viparit akelepan ki shikar uchch varg ki grihaniyan jinake pati atyadhik vyast rahate hain, aur jinake pas karane ko kuchh adhik nahin hota, bhi klabon aur partiyon men jakar sharab ka sahara leti hain. madyapan shuroo karane ke karanon men mahilaon men vyapt akelapan aur boriyat pramukh ho sakate hain, kyonki sarvekshanon ke natijon se yah nishkarsh samane ae hain ki madyapan karane vali mahilaon men avivahit praudhaon, talakashuda mahilaon tatha pati se alag rahane vali yuvatiyon ki snkhya adhik thi. kabhi-kabhi mahilaon ko sharab tak pahunchane men pati ek aham bhoomika nibhate hain. sharab ki girapht men phnsi mahilaon ko isaka muavaja svasthy, apasi snbndhon, samajik snbndhon, vyavasayik v kairiyar snbndhi pareshaniyon ke roop men chukana padata hai. yahan prashn yah uthata hai ki kya madyapan kisi samasya ka hal hai? kya madyapan ko phaishan ya shauq ke roop men apanana uchit hai? in prashnon ke uttar men sabhi manochikitsakon, daauktaron v samajashastriyon ka ek hi mat hai ki madyapan samaj ke lie v vyakti ke lie zahar ke saman hai.[3]

garbhapat ka khatara

amerika men kie ge anusndhanon se pata chala hai ki garbhapat ka khatara sharab ka sevan karane vali mahilaon men adhik rahata hai. garbhavati mahilaon men shuroo ke dinon men 12 pratishat adhik khatara hota hai. shishu ke mastishk men vikriti ki sambhavana auron ke mukabale madyapan karane vali mahilaon ke shishuon men 35 pratishat tak adhik hoti hai. madyapan se smaran shakti kamazor ho jati hai, nirnay kshamata ghat jati hai. gurde, yakrit aur garbhashay snbndhi anek rog ho jate hain. isase n keval mahilaon ka svasthy chaupat hota hai balki unaki samaj men chhavi bhi dhoomil hoti hai. sharabi mahilaen balatkar tatha yaun utpidan ka adhik shikar hoti hain. sharab kisi samasya ka hal kabhi nahin ban sakati, bhale hi yah kuchh samay ke lie us samasya ko bhulane men sahayak ban jati ho. avasad, boriyat, akelepan ka sthayi hal inaka samana karake hi nikala ja sakata hai. sharab to vyakti ko udasi v avasad ki or dhakel deti hai. isase ghar barbad hote hain, vaivahik snbndha katu hote hote toot bhi sakate hain. bachche bimar manasikata men palate hain, unaka poorn vikas nahin ho pata. samajashastri batate hain ki sharabi pita ki apeksha sharabi man hone par bachche adhik prabhavit hote hain. at: apane bachchon ke bhavishy ko dhyan men rakhakar nashe adi se door rahana chahie.[3]

abhibhavakon ke lie sujhav

nashe se mukti ke lie samay-samay par sarakar aur svayn sevi snsthaen pahal karati rahati hain. par isake lie svayn vyakti aur parivar janon ki bhoomika jyada mahattvapoorn hai. abhibhavakon ko aksar sujhav diya jata hai ki ve apane bachchon par najar rakhen aur unake ne mitr dikhaee dene, kshanik uttejana ya chidachidapan hone, jeb kharch badhane, der ratri ghar lautane, thakavat, bechaini, arddhanidragrast rahane, bojhil palaken, ankhon men chamak v chehare par bhavashoonyata, ankhon ki lali chhipane ke lie barabar dhoop ke chashme ka prayog karate rahane, ultiyan hone, nirodhak shakti kam ho jane ke karan aksar bimar rahane, parivar ke sadasyon se door-door rahane, bhookh n lagane v vajan ke nirntar girane, nind n ane, khansi ke daure padane, alpakalin smriti men hras, tvacha par chakate pad jane, ungaliyon ke poron par jale ka nishan hone, banhon par suee ke nishan dikhaee dene, drag n milane par ankhon-nak se pani bahane-sharir men dard-khansi-ulti v bechaini hone, vyaktigat saphaee par dhyan n dene, bal-kapade ast vyast rahane, nakhoon badhe rahane, shauchalay men der tak rahane, ghareloo samanon ke ek-ek kar gayab hote jane adat ke taur par jhooth bolane, tark-vitark karane, rat men uthakar sigaret pine, mithaeeyon ke prati akarshan badh jane, shaikshik upalabdhiyon men lagatar giravat ate jane, skool kalej men upasthiti kam hote jane, prayah jaldabaji men ghar se bahar chale jane evn kapadon par sigaret ke jale chhidr dikhaee dene jaise lakshanon ke dikhane par satark ho jaen. yah bachchon ke madak-padarthon ka vyasani hone ki nishani hai. yahi nahin yadi unake vyaktigat saman men achanak machis, momabatti, sigaret ka tambakoo, 3 inch lambi shishe ki tyoob, elmooniyam phaauyal, sirinj, halka bhoora-saphed paudar milata hai to nishchit jan lena chahie ki vah drags adi ka shikar hai. aise men tatkal hi thos qadam uthaya jana chahie.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. nashe ki pravritti ko rokana sabhi ki zimmedari (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 26 joon, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 svasthay ke bare men sochen, nashe ko n kahen (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 26 joon, 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 mahilaon men badhata sharab ka prachalan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 26 joon, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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