विश्व साइकिल दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv saikil divas
vishv saikil divas
vivaran saikil ki visheshata aur bahumukhi pratibha ko pahachanane ke lie poori duniya men 'vishv saikil divas' manaya jata hai
tithi 3 joon
shuruat 3 joon, 2018
uddeshy dainik jivan men saikil ke upayog ko lokapriy banana.
any janakari nidaralaind ki rajadhani emstardam men 40% log kam par jane ke lie saikil ka upayog karate hain, yah snkhya vishv men sarvadhik hai.
vishv saikil divas (angrezi: World Bicycle Day) prativarsh 3 joon ko manaya jata hai. snyukt rashtr dvara pahala adhikarik vishv saikil divas 3 joon, 2018 ko parivahan ke ek saral, kiphayati, bharosemnd, svachchh aur paryavaraniy roop se phit tikaoo sadhanon ko protsahit karane ke lie manaya gaya tha. isaka uddeshy dainik jivan men saikil ke upayog ko lokapriy banana hai.

prishthabhoomi

2018 men snyukt rashtr mahasabha ne 3 joon ko vishv saikil divas ke roop men manaye jane ki ghoshana ki thi. vishv saikil divas manaye jane ke lie amerika ke montagomeri kaaulej ke prophesar leszek sibilsaki aur unaki soshiyolaauji ki kaksha ne yachika ki thi. bad men prophesar sibilsaki tatha unaki kaksha ne soshal midiya ke dvara isaka kaphi prachar kiya aur 3 joon ko vishv saikil divas ke roop men manaye jane ka nirnay liya. is abhiyan ko turkamenistan samet 56 deshon ka sahayog prapt hua.[1]

har sal vishv saikil divas vikas rananitiyon ke muddon ko par pane, saikil par vishesh dhyan dene aur sadak suraksha men sudhar karane ke sath-sath ise sthayi gatishilata aur parivahan buniyadi dhanche ki yojana aur dijain men ekikrit karane ke lie sadasy rashtron ko protsahit karane ke lie manaya ja raha hai. isake alava isaka uddeshy samuday ke sabhi vargon ke bich saikil ko badhava dena bhi hai.

mahatv

saikil parivahan ka svachchh tatha sasta madhyam hai, isase kisi bhi kism ka paryavaran pradooshan nahin hoga aur yah phitanes ki drishti se bhi upayogi hai. isase deshon ko karban phutaprint ko kam karane men sahayata milegi.

rochak tathy

emstardam (nidaralaind ki rajadhani) men 40% log kam par jane ke lie saikil ka upayog karate hain, yah snkhya vishv men sarvadhik hai.

saikil ka itihas

  • yooropiy deshon men saikil ke prayog ka vichar 18vin shatabdi ke uttarardh men hi logon ke dimag men a chuka tha. halanki sarvapratham sal 1816 men peris ke ek karigar ne ise moortaroop diya. ise haaubi haaurs yani kath ka ghoda kaha gaya.
  • pair se ghumae jane vale paidal yukt pahie ka avishkar sal 1865 men peris ke lale ment ne kiya. ise velaausipid kaha gaya. ise chalane par bahut thakavat hone ke karan ise hadatod bhi kaha jane laga.
  • velaausipid ke lokapriy hone aur mang badhane ke karan inglaind, phrans aur amerika ke yntr nirmataon ne isamen bahut sare sudhar kie aur sal 1872 men ek sundar roop de diya. isamen lohe ki patali patti ke tanayukt pahie lagae ge. age ka pahiya 30 inch se lekar 64 inch vyas tak aur pichhe ka pahiya lagabhag 12 inch ke vyas ka hota tha. isamen krainkon ke atirikt goli ke veyaring aur brek bhi lagae ge the. yah adhunik saikil kaha gaya. aj duniya bhar men kee tarah ke saikil upalabdh hain.
  • bharat men saikil ke pahiyon ne arthik tarakki men mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee. ajadi ke bad kee dashakon tak saeekil yatayat ka jaroori hissa rahi. 1960 se lekar 1990 tak bharat men jyadatar parivaron ke pas saikil thi. yah mahatvapoorn aur kiphayati sadhan tha.
  • ganvon men kisanon ke lie mndiyon tak phasalon ko pahunchane ka sadhan raha, jo aj bhi hai. doodh bikretaon ke lie yah aj bhi mahatvapoorn sadhan hai. vahin majadooron ke lie yah bade kam ka vahan hai.
  • bharatiy dak vibhag ka to poora tntr hi saikil se chalata tha. aj bhi dakiya saikil se chitthiyan bantate hain.[2]

labh

  • har din adha ghnta saikil chalane se motapa khasakar pet ki charbi kam hoti hai.
  • har din subah ke samay saikil chalane se taji hava bhi milati hai aur apaki phitanes bani rahati hai.
  • visheshgy batate hain ki saikil chalane se imyoon sistam bhi achchha rahata hai. ek riport ke mutabiq, saikil chalane se imyoon sels ektiv ho jate hain aur bimari ka khatara kam ho jata hai.
  • ek shodh ke anusar rojana 30 minat saikil chalane vale vyakti ka dimag sadharan vyakti ke mukabale jyada ektiv rahata hai aur bren paavar bhi 15 se 20 phisadi jyada badhata hai.
  • saikil yatayat ka bahut hi sasta sadhan hai. isamen dijal ya petrol nahin lagata aur sehat bhi bani rahati hai. isase pradooshan nahin phailata, isalie yah paryavaran ke lie bhi anukool hai.
panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vishv saikil divas (hindi) hindi.gktoday.in. abhigaman tithi: 03 joon, 2020.
  2. vishv saikil divas (hindi) amarujala.com. abhigaman tithi: 03 joon, 2020.

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