Tricolor.jpg bharatakosh ki or se sabhi deshavasiyon ko 'ganatntr divas' ki hardik shubhakamanaen Tricolor.jpg

राष्ट्रीय मतदाता दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rashtriy matadata divas
rashtriy matadata divas
vivaran 'rashtriy matadata divas' bharat men manae jane vale mahattvapoorn rashtriy divason men se ek hai.
tithi pratyek varsh '25 janavari'
desh bharat
mukhy uddeshy is divas ka uddeshy desh men matadataon ki snkhya badhana, visheshakar ne matadataon ko isase jodana hai.
snbndhit lekh chunav ayog, nirvachan ayog
any janakari 'rashh‍triy matadata di‍vas' ke si‍lasale men nirvachan ayog samooche desh men shi‍kshi‍t matadataon, vi‍shesh roop se yuvaon aur mahi‍laon ko akarshi‍t karane ke li‍e vh‍yapak aur suvh‍yavash‍thi‍t matadata shi‍ksha aur matadan bhagidari abhi‍yan chalata hai.

rashtriy matadata divas (angrezi: National Voters Day) bharat men pratyek varsh 25 janavari ko manaya jata hai. is mahattvapoorn divas ka ayojan sabhi bharatavasiyon ko apane rashtr ke prati kartavy ki yad dilata hai aur sath hi yah bhi batata hai ki har vyakti ke lie matadan karana zaroori hai.

shuruat

bharat nirvachan ayog ka gathan 25 janavari, 1950 ko hua tha. bharat sarakar ne rajanitik prakriya men yuvaon ki bhagidari badhane ke lie nirvachan ayog ke sthapana divas '25 janavari' ko hi varsh 2011 se 'rashtriy matadata divas' ke roop men manane ki shuruat ki thi.[1]

sal 2011 men yoopie-2 ki sarakar thi. us samay rashtrapati pratibha devi sinh patil aur pradhanamntri manamohan sinh the. is sal chunav ayog ki sthapana ko 61 sal ho chuke the. tatkalin rashtrapati pratibha devi sinh patil ne 25 janavari se 'rashtriy matadata divas' ke roop men is din ko manane ki shuruat ki. 25 janavari, 2021 ka din 11vin bar rashtriy matadata divas ke roop men manaya gaya.[2]

kyon manaya jata hai?

is din ko manane ke pichhe do vajahen thin. pahali samaveshi (Inclusive) aur doosari gunatmak bhagidari (Qualitative Participation). isaka makasad tha ki koee bhi matadata matadan karane men pichhe n rah jae. isake pichhe ek aur makasad tha. chunav ayog is din aise matadataon ki pahachan karata hai, jinaki umr 18 sal ho chuki ho. un sabhi ke nam matadata soochi men shamil kie jate hain. 2021 men matadata divas ki thim sabhi matadata sashakt, satark, surakshit aur jagarook banen thi.

25 janavari, 2015 ko 'saral pnjikaran aur saral sudhar' thim ke sath panchavan rashtriy matadata divas tha. rashh‍triy matadata di‍vas ke pichhe nirvachan ayog ka uddeshh‍y adhi‍k matadata, vi‍shesh roop se ne matadata banana hai. isake li‍e is avasar ko sarvabhaum vayash‍k matadan ko poorn vash‍tavi‍kata banana aur is prakar bharatiy lokatntr ki gunavath‍ta ko badhana hai. yah di‍vas matadataon men matadan prakri‍ya men karagar bhagidari ke bare men janakari phailane ke roop men bhi prayog ki‍ya jata hai.[3]

kaun de sakata hai vot

bharat ke snvidhan ke mutabiq, jo bharat ka nagarik hai aur jisaki umr 18 sal ya usase jyada hai. bina kisi bhedabhav ya sitijanaship ekt ke tahat in logon ko voting adhikar diya jata hai. jin enaraee ke pas indiyan pasaport hota hai, unhen bhi vot dene ka adhikar hota hai.

rashh‍triy matadata samaroh

poorv rashh‍trapati e. pi. je. abdul kalam ne varsh 2012 men vigyan bhavan men dvi‍tiy rashh‍triy matadata samaroh ki adhh‍yakshata ki thi aur dilli ke ne evn pnjikrit 20 matadataon ko sachi‍tr matadata pahachan patr pradan kiye. ye matadata samaj ke vi‍bhi‍nh‍n vargon se li‍e ge the aur unh‍hen ek baij bhi di‍ya gaya tha, ji‍s par anki‍t tha "matadata hone ka garv - matadan ke li‍e taiyar". is avasar par upash‍thi‍t sabhi logon ko 'rashh‍triy matadata di‍vas' ki shapath bhi dilaee gee. daau. kalam ne zila ni‍rvachan adhi‍kari‍yon (dieeo), puli‍s adhikshakon (esapi) ko sarvoth‍tam ni‍rvachan prakri‍ya apanane ke li‍e rashh‍triy purash‍karon se aur dieeo/esapi ke alava anh‍y adhi‍kari‍yon ko sarvoth‍tam ni‍rvachan prakri‍ya apanane men asadharan kary karane ke li‍e vi‍shesh purash‍kar se samh‍mani‍t kiya.

yuva matadata

bharat men matadan adhari‍t lokatntr ke li‍e 25 janavari pahale se hi ek aiti‍hasi‍k avasar hai. matadataon ke pnjikaran snbndhi khabaron ke anusar deshabhar men lagabhag 3.83 karod ne pnjikaran ki‍e ge. inamen se 1.11 karod matadata 18-19 varsh ayu samooh ke hain, jo 1 janavari, 2012 ko banaye ge. yah matadata yogh‍yata ki ti‍thi‍ hai. pi‍chhale varsh 52 lakh yuva matadata banae ge the, ji‍nh‍honne 18 varsh ki ayu praph‍t kar li thi. yah vi‍shh‍v men ki‍si sh‍than par ek di‍n men yuvaon ke sabase bade sashakh‍tikaran ko lakshi‍t karata hai.

chunav ayojan

rashtriy matadata divas

gat 60 varshon ke dauran nirvachan ayog ne lok sabha ke li‍e 15 am chunav aur rajh‍yon ki vi‍dhan sabhaon ke li‍e 331 am chunav ayoji‍t ki‍e hain. ayog ki yatra ke dauran usake kary ki gunavath‍ta aur sh‍tar men bhi pari‍vartan sabako najar aya hai. 1962 men jahan matadan ki prakri‍ya parchi dalane ki pranali thi, vahan 2004 se matadan ki ilaikh‍traauni‍k mashinon par adhari‍t vartaman pranali shuroo ki gee. bahu-sadash‍yiy ni‍rvachan kshetron ka sh‍than ekal sadash‍yiy ni‍rvachan ne le li‍ya hai. chhapi huee matadata soochi‍yon ka sh‍than ab kamh‍ph‍yootrikrit photo-matadata soochi‍yon ne le li‍ya hai. matadataon ka sachi‍tr pahachan patr ab sabhi nagari‍kon ko praph‍t ho gaya hai. yah 2009 ke am chunavon ke samay 582 mi‍li‍yan se adhi‍k matadataon ko jari ki‍e ge the.[3]

matadataon ki pahachan tatha shapath

aprail-mee 2009 men karae ge 15vin lok sabha ke chunav vi‍shv men prabndhan ki sabase badi ghatana bataee gee hai. isamen 714 mi‍li‍yan matadata, 8 lakh 35 hazar matadan kenh‍dr, 12 lakh matadan ki ilekh‍troni‍k mashinon aur 11 mi‍li‍yan matadan karmachari‍yon ne bhag li‍ya tha. ayog ne paya ki matadata soochi se 18 sal ke naye matadataon ka nam lapata hai. kuchh mamalon men unaki bhagidari 20 se 25 pratishat tak kam hai. is samash‍ya se prabhavakari tarike se nipatane ke lie ayog ne phaisala kiya ki desh ke 8.5 lakh matadan kenh‍dron men har varsh 1 janavari ko 18 varsh ke hone vale sabhi matadataon ki pahachan ki jaye. pnjikaran ke alava matadata soochi men shamil kiye gaye in matadataon ko nimh‍n shapath dilaee jae-

"ham bharat ke nagarik, lokatntr men ash‍tha rakhane vale shapath lete hain ki ham desh ki sh‍vatntrat, nishh‍paksh aur shantipoorn chunav karane ki lokatantrik paramh‍para ko barakarar rakhenge. prath‍yek chunav men dharm, nash‍l, jati, samuday, bhasha adhar par prabhavit hue bina nirbhik hokar matadan karenge."

chunav ayog ki bhoomika

bharatiy chunav ayog ki sthapana 25 janavari, 1950 ko huee thi. ye snstha snvidhan ke artikal 324 ke antargat ati hai. isamen tin sadasy pramukh hote hain, pahale mukhy chunav ayukt aur do any ayukt shamil hote hain. inhen rashtrapati ki taraph se niyukt kiya jata hai. sabhi ka karyakal 6 sal ka hota hai. ye ek snvaidhanik snstha hai. desh men hone vale sabhi chunavon ko ayojit karane ki jimmedari chunav ayog ki hoti hai. isamen lokasabha, rajyasabha, vidhanasabha, vidhan parishad, rashtrapati aur uparashtrapati chunav shamil hain. chunav ke dauran chunav ayog ek garjiyan ki bhoomika men hota hai. yahi chunav ke sabhi disha- nirdesh tay karata hai. jo ummidavar aur sabhi rajanitik dal par lagoo hote hain. agar chunav ke dauran in disha-nirdeshon ka ullnghan hota hai, to chunav ayog men isaki shikayat ki ja sakati hai. ye snstha chunav se jude sabhi tarah ke phaisale khud leti hai. chunav ke kharchon par najar rakhane ke lie 'indiyan revenyoo sarvis' (aeeares) ke aphasar ilekshan aaubjarvar ke roop men hote hain.[2]

kitane matadata

snvidhan ke mutabiq 10 lakh ki abadi par ek lokasabha sansad hona chahie. lekin bharat men ye abadi 25 lakh hai. rajyon men abadi ke hisab se snkhya ko badhane aur ghatane ki bat kahi gee hai. 1971 men desh aur doosare rajyon ki siton par snkhya badhati-ghatati rahi hai. is hisab se 30 lakh logon par ek sansad aur tamilanadu men karib 20 lakh logon par ek sansad hai. agar 10 lakh ki abadi par ek lokasabha sit ko banta jae to bharat men isaki snkhya badhakar 1375 siten ho jaengi. akele uttar pradesh men ye sit ka ankada 80 se badhakar 238 ho jaega. snvidhan ke mutabiq, jin rajyon men abadi 6 lakh ya usase kam hai, to 10 sal vala kaaunsept vahan lagoo nahin hoga. aise men is tarah ke rajyon men ek sansad to rahega.

sit nirdharan

  1. lokasabha aur vidhanasabha siton ki snkhya nirdharit karane ki jimmedari parisiman ayog ki hai. 1952 men isaka gathan kiya gaya tha.
  2. snvidhan ke artikal 82 men ayog ka kam bhi tay kiya gaya hai. isake tahat har das sal men janaganana ke adhar par kisi bhi kshetr ka parisiman tay kiya jata hai.
  3. apat kal ke samay snvidhan men 42van snshodhan kiya gaya. isamen 1971 ki janaganana ke adhar par vidhanasabha aur lokasabha sit ki snkhya ko sthir kar diya gaya.
  4. 2001 men snvidhan men 84van snshodhan kiya. isake tahat 2026 men janaganana karane ke bad isake ankade ke adhar par lokasabha ke parisiman ki bat ki gee hai. 2026 ke bad 2031 men janaganana hogi. isake bad hi lokasabha ki siton ki snkhya badhane ki ummid hai. 2034 tak ke lokasabha chunav men siten 543 hi rahengi.
  5. rajyon ki vidhanasabha ke lie julaee 2002 men parisiman ayog ka gathan kiya gaya. disnbar 2007 men parisiman ayog ne apani sipharish kendr sarakar ko saunp di. 2008 men sipharishen mnjoor ki geen, tab jakar kee rajyon ka parisiman kiya gaya.

rashh‍triy matadata di‍vas ke lakshh‍yon ko dhh‍yan men rakhate hue ne yogh‍y matadataon tak pahunchane aur 1 janavari, 2012 ko ki‍e ge matadataon ki snshodhi‍t soochi‍yon men unh‍hen pnjikrit karane ke li‍e deshabhar men ek vi‍shesh abhi‍yan chalaya gaya tha. sabhi rajh‍yon aur sngh shasi‍t pradeshon ke mukhh‍y ni‍rvachan adhi‍kari‍yon ko ayog ne ni‍rdesh di‍e the ki‍ 18 varsh ki ayu praph‍t karane vale prath‍yek yuva ko matadata banaya jaye. ayog ne is bat par jor di‍ya ki adhi‍k se adhi‍k‍ mahi‍laon ko matadata banane ke li‍e vi‍shesh abhi‍yan shuroo ki‍e jaen.[3]

rashh‍triy matadata di‍vas ke si‍lasale men ni‍rvachan ayog samooche desh men shi‍kshi‍t matadataon, vi‍shesh roop se yuvaon aur mahi‍laon ko akarshi‍t karane ke li‍e vh‍yapak aur suvh‍yavash‍thi‍t matadata shi‍ksha aur matadan bhagidari abhi‍yan chalata raha hai. prati‍shh‍thi‍t hash‍ti‍yon yatha e.pi.je. abdul kalam, mahendr sinh dhoni ke sndesh ri‍kaaurd ki‍e ge hain, ji‍namen matadatao ko pnjikaran karane ko kaha gaya. ni‍sh‍sndeh ayog ka sndesh uchh‍ch aur sh‍pashh‍t hai aur yah tab tak vi‍shram nahin karega, jab tak prath‍yek yogh‍y matadata sh‍vechh‍chha se matadan karane n lag jaye.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. nirvachan ayog 25 janavari ko manaega rashtriy matadata divas (hindi) hindustan.kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 25 janavari, 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 har sal kyon manaya jata hai rashtriy matadata divas? (hindi) bhaskar.com. abhigaman tithi: 04 faravari, 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 rashh‍triy matadhikar divas- nirvachan prakriya men jan bhagidari ka ash‍tr (hindi) patr soochana karyalay, bharat sarakar. abhigaman tithi: 25 janavari, 2015.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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