}

राष्ट्रीय सड़क सुरक्षा सप्ताह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rashtriy sadak suraksha saptah
rashtriy sadak suraksha saptah
vivaran 'rashtriy sadak suraksha saptah' pratyek varsh janavari mahine men manaya jata hai. is din yatayat suraksha se sambndhit vibhinn karyakram ayojit kiye jate hain.
mah janavari
uddeshy is saptah men ayojit vibhinn karyakramon ke dvara am janata ko yatayat ke niyamon ki adharabhoot janakari di jati hai.
vishesh sadak durghatanaon men hatahaton ki snkhh‍ya ko nh‍yoonatam karane ke lie 'snyukt rashtr' ki yojana 'dashak 2011' lagoo ho gee.
snbndhit lekh sadak parivahan aur rajamarg mntralay, rashtriy rajamarg, sadak parivahan
any janakari sadak suraksha ke mamalon men nitigat nirnay lene ke lie bharat sarakar ne shirsh snsh‍tha ke roop men 'rashh‍triy sadak suraksha parishad' ka gathan kiya hai.


rashtriy sadak suraksha saptah (angrezi: National Road Safety Week) bharat men pratyek varsh janavari mah men manaya jata hai. varsh 2015 men yah divas 11 janavari se 17 janavari tak manaya gaya tha.[1] 'rashtriy sadak suraksha saptah' ke tahat ayojit karyakramon ke madhyam se amajan ko yatayat niyamon ki adharabhoot janakari milati hai. akasmik karak ke roop men sadak durghatanaon ke vishleshan se pata chalata hai ki kul sadak durghatanaon men 78.7 pratishat chalakon ki galati se hoti hain. is galati ke pichhe sharab/madak padarthon ka ish‍temal, vahan chalate samay mobail par bat karana, vahanon men jarurat se adhik bhid hona, vaidh gati se adhik tez gadi chalana aur thakan adi hona hai.

bharat men sadak durghatanaen

shaharikaran aur sadak yatayat badhane ke karan sadakon par suraksha ke mudde aur inake samadhanon par gnbhirata se vichar ho raha hai. duniya men bharat men sabase adhik log sadak durghatanaon men mar rahe hain aur is karan yah mudda aur bhi gnbhir ban gaya hai. varsh 2011 men 4.97 lakh sadak durghatanaon men 1.42 lakh se adhik logon ki janen gee. yah snkhh‍ya bharat men prati minat ek sadak durghatana aur prath‍yek char minat men sadak durghatana se hone vali maut ka ankada darshati hai. varsh 2012 men in ankadon men kuchh kami aee, jisamen 4.90 lakh sadak durghatanaon men 1.38 lakh logon ki janen geen. phir bhi yah snkhh‍ya vichalit karane vali hai.[2]

durghatana vishleshan

akasmik karak ke roop men sadak durghatanaon ke vishleshan se pata chalata hai ki kul sadak durghatanaon men 78.7 pratishat[3] chalakon ki galati se hoti hain. is galati ke pichhe sharab/madak padarthon ka ish‍temal, vahan chalate samay mobail par bat karana, vahanon men jarurat se adhik bhid hona, vaidh gati se adhik tez gadi chalana aur thakan adi hona hai. chalakon ki galati ko lagabhag 80 pratishat sadak durghatanaon ka jimh‍medar paya gaya hai, isalie unh‍hen jagarook banana aur yah mahasoos karana avashh‍yak hai ki jab ve qanoon/upayon ka ulh‍lnghan karate hain to ve sadakon par hath‍yare ban jate hain.

sadak suraksha ko prathamikata

sadak suraksha ko rajanitik sh‍tar par prathamikata di ja rahi hai. tadarth sadak suraksha gatividhiyon ko satat karyakramon men badalane par dhh‍yan diya ja raha hai. rajh‍y kshamata ke anusar dirghakalin aur antarim lakshh‍yon, nitiyon aur karyakramon ko taiyar karate samay vartaman sadak suraksha prabndhan pranali ke kramabaddh moolh‍yankan ki sipharish ki gee hai. isake tahat uchh‍ch sh‍tar par sarakari ejensiyon, jaise- parivahan, pulis, sh‍vash‍thh‍y, nh‍yay aur shiksha ke varishh‍th prabndhan ko, jo snbhavat: abhi tak sakriy roop se sammilit nahin hua hai, ko bahush‍tariy rananiti ke antargat shamil karana hai. isake alava sabhi bhagidaron ko sadak suraksha men apana yogadan dena hoga.[2]

vibhinh‍n upay

'sadak parivahan aur rajamarg mntralay' ne desh men sadak durghatanaon ko nh‍yoonatam karane ke lie vibhinh‍n upay kiye hain-

  1. sarakar ne ek 'rashh‍triy sadak suraksha niti' bhi mnjoor ki hai, jisake tahat vibhinh‍n upayon men jagarookata badhana, sadak suraksha soochana par ankaden ekatrit karana, sadak suraksha ki buniyadi snrachana ke antargat kushal parivahan anuprayog ko proth‍sahit karana tatha suraksha kanoonon ko lagoo karana shamil hain.
  2. sadak suraksha ke mamalon men nitigat nirnay lene ke lie bharat sarakar ne shirsh snsh‍tha ke roop men 'rashh‍triy sadak suraksha parishad' ka gathan kiya hai.
  3. mntralay ne sabhi rajh‍yon aur kendr shasit pradeshon se rajh‍y tatha zila sh‍tar par 'sadak suraksha parishad' aur samitiyon ki sh‍thapana karane ka anurodh bhi kiya hai.
  4. mntralay ne sadak suraksha par char sh‍taron- shiksha, pravartan, injiniyaring (sadak aur vahanon) aur apat dekhabhal ke sh‍tar par sudirgh niti apanaee hai. pariyojana charan par hi sadak suraksha ko sadak dizain ka abhinh‍n hish‍sa banaya gaya hai.
  5. vibhinh‍n chuninda rashtriy rajamarg, ekh‍sapres margon par suraksha lekha/ankaden bhi ekatrit kiye ja rahe hain.
  6. vahan chalakon ko prashikshan dene ke lie snsh‍than sh‍thapit kie ge hain.
  7. vahan chalate samay suraksha upayon, jaise- helamet, sit bailh‍t, paauvar sh‍teyaring, riyar vh‍yoo mirar aur sadak suraksha jagarookata se snbndhit abhiyan par jor diya ja raha hai.
  8. 'sadak parivahan aur rajamarg mntralay', sadak suraksha sunishchit karane ke lie navin upayon ke tahat 'sadak suraksha saph‍tah', dooradarshan aur rediyo netavark se prachar, sadak suraksha par samagri ka vitaran, prakashan, samachar patron men vigyapan tatha sadak suraksha par seminar, samh‍melan aur karyashalaon ka ayojan kar raha hai.
  9. uparokt ke atirikt pathy push‍takon men sadak suraksha par ek adhh‍yay shamil kiya gaya hai. kendriy madhh‍yamik shiksha bord-sibiesee ne kaksha chhah se kaksha barah ke pathyakram men aise lekh shamil kie hain. rajh‍y sarakaron ko rajh‍y shiksha bord ke sh‍koolon ke pathyakram men sadak suraksha se snbndhit lekh shamil karane ki salah bhi di gee hai.[2]

durghatana men ghayalon ka ni:shulk upachar

ek prayogik karyakram ke tahat khnd men rashtriy rajamarg 8 par gudaganv-jayapur sadak durghatana men ghayalon ko 48 ghnte tak 30 hazar rupaye tak ka ni:shulh‍k ilaj karavane ki yojana lagoo ki gee hai. 13 rajh‍yon men durghatana ke sarvadhik snbhavit 25 sh‍thalon, jahan 90 pratishat durghatanaen hoti rahi hai, ki pahachan ki gee hai. in sh‍thanon par durghatana se bachane ke upayon ko lagoo kiya gaya hai. apat dekhabhal par kary samiti ki anushnsaon ke adhar par 'rashh‍triy enbulens kord' taiyar kiya gaya hai. is kord ke tahat desh men enbulens ke chalan ke lie nh‍yoonatam manak snbndhi disha-nirdesh tay kie ge hain. malavahak vahanon men unaki paridhi se bahar tak saman ladane ko gair qanooni ghoshit kiya gaya hai.

sarakari vibhagon ki jimh‍medari

sadak suraksha ki niti ko sudirgh adhar par lagoo karane ke lie kee sarakari vibhagon ko jimh‍medari saunpi gee hai. in vibhagon ki javabadehi aur sahayog sunishchit karane ke lie vishesh vh‍yavash‍tha ki gee hai. sadak suraksha par sarakari ejensiyon men behatar talamel sh‍thapit karane, snbndhit rajh‍y men sadak suraksha ko dhh‍yan men rakhate hue tatha sadak durghatanaon men hatahaton ki snkhh‍ya ko nh‍yoonatam karane ke lie takaniki upayon ko lagoo karane ke lie sabhi rajh‍y sarakaron se mukhh‍y sachiv ki adhh‍yakshata men uchh‍ch sh‍tariy samiti gathit karane ko kaha gaya hai. rajh‍yon se apani sadakon par suraksha sunishchit karane ki karyaniti taiyar karane ko bhi kaha gaya hai. rajh‍yon se sadak suraksha ki varshik karyaniti ke tahat panch varsh ke mahath‍vankakshi aur hasil karane yogh‍y lakshh‍y tay karane ko bhi kaha gaya hai. isake antargat mapan yogh‍y parinam, vikas ke lie paryaph‍t rashi ka nirdharan, prabndhan, nigarani aur moolh‍yankan yogh‍y karyaniti taiyar karani hogi. sabhi rajh‍y/kendrashasit pradeshon se unake kshetr men ek ejensi ki pahachan karane aur sadak suraksha kosh ka nirdharan karane tatha is rashi ka 50 pratishat parivahan niyamon ki avahelana ke dnd sh‍varoop ekatr karane ko kaha gaya hai.[2]

'dashak 2011' yojana

sadak durghatanaon men hatahaton ki snkhh‍ya ko nh‍yoonatam karane ki 'snyukt rashtr' ki yojana 'dashak 2011' se lagoo ho gee. tin varsh bit jane par bhi is si‍lasile men abhi kafi kuchh kiya jana baki hai. bharat men sadak suraksha ke lie bajat ko badhaya jana hai. sabhi rajh‍yon men sadak suraksha yojana, tntr ko upayukh‍t tarike se sh‍thapit kiya jana hai. isamen sadak suraksha se snbndhit niyamon ka sakhh‍ti se pal karana aur avahelana karane valon ko dndit kiya jana bhi sunishchit karana hai. sadak suraksha ke lie sansadon aur vh‍yavasayi ka yogadan praph‍t karane ke lie emapieledi aur siesar kosh men se kuchh rashi sadak suraksha kosh men di ja sakati hai. sabhi bhagidaron ke samoohik prayason se sadakon ko surakshit banane aur durghatana se piditon ki snkhh‍ya ko nh‍yoonatam kar snyukh‍t rashh‍tr ke lakshh‍yon ko praph‍t kiya ja sakata hai.

snyukt rashtr mahasabha ka lakshy

'snyukt rashtr mahasabha' ne 2011-2020 ko sadak suraksha ke lie karravaee dashak ke roop men apanaya hai aur sadak durghatanaon se vaishvik sh‍tar par padane vale gnbhir prabhavon ki pahachan karane ke sath-sath is avadhi ke dauran sadak durghatanaon men hone vali mauton men 50 pratishat ki kami lane ka lakshh‍y nirdharit kiya hai. 'antarrashh‍triy sadak sngh' ke adhh‍yaksh ke. ke. kapil ka kahana hai ki "vishh‍v men sadak durghatanaon men prath‍yek varsh 1.2 miliyan vh‍yakti mare jate hain aur 50 miliyan prabhavit hote hain. 'vishv svasthy sngathan' ke anusar yadi is disha men thos karravaee nahin ki jati hai to varsh 2030 tak vishv men sadak durghatanaen logon ki maut ka panchavan bada karan ban jayegi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. rashtriy sadak suraksha saptah (hindi) indiya selibreting. abhigaman tithi: 25 janavari, 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 bharat men sadak suraksha ko prathamikata (hindi) avaj e hind. abhigaman tithi: 25 janavari, 2015.
  3. 3,85,934 durghatanaen

snbndhit lekh

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