वन्यजीव सप्ताह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vanyajiv saptah
hathi
vivaran 'vanyajiv saptah' bharat men kendr v rajy sarakaron, paryavaranavidon, karyakartaon, shikshakon adi dvara logon men vanyajivon ke snrakshan ke prati jagarookata men teji lane ke lie manaya jata hai.
desh bharat
tithi 2 aktoobar se 8 aktoobar
uddeshy vanyajiv v paryavaran ki suraksha ke lie jagarook rahana.
snbndhit lekh bharat men vany jivan, vishv paryavaran divas
any janakari bharat men 1927 men 'bharatiy van adhiniyam' astitv men aya, jisake pravadhanon ke anusar vanyajivon ke shikar evn vanon ki avaidh kataee ko dandaniy aparadh ghoshit kiya gaya.

vanyajiv saptah prativarsh bharat men 2 aktoobar se 8 aktoobar tak manaya jata hai. kendr v rajy sarakaron, paryavaranavidon, karyakartaon, shikshakon adi dvara logon men vanyajivon ke snrakshan ke prati jagarookata men teji lane ke lie vibhinn gatividhiyon ka ayojan kiya jata hai. bharat men vibhinn prajatiyon ka vishal bhandar hai, isalie bhi bharat men kee sammelanon, jagarookata karyakramon aur prakriti premiyon ke bich sarvajanik baithakon ka ayojan kiya jata hai. skoolon aur shikshan snsthanon men bachchon ke lie vanyajivon se snbndhit nibandh lekhan, chitrakala, snbhashan, film skrining adi prayogitaon ka ayojan kiya jata hai.

shuruat

vany jivan prakriti ki amooly den hai. bhavishy men vany praniyon ki samapti ki ashnka ke karan bharat men sarvapratham 7 julaee, 1955 ko 'vany prani divas' manaya gaya. yah bhi nirnay liya gaya ki pratyek varsh 2 aktoobar se poore saptah tak vany prani saptah manaya jaega. varsh 1956 se vany prani saptah manaya ja raha hai. bharat ke snrakshan karyakram ki avashyakataon ko poora karane ke lie ek mazaboot snsthagat dhanche ki rachana ki gayi hai.

uddeshy

bharat men vanyajiv saptah manaye jane ke nimn pramukh uddeshy hain-

  1. pratyek samudayon v parivaron ko prakriti se jodana.
  2. manav ke andar snrakshan ki bhavana paida karana.
  3. vanyajiv v paryavaran ki suraksha ke lie jagarook rahana.


is abhiyan ki uddeshika yah hai ki hamen hamesha pratyek vanyaprani, pashu-pakshiyon aur paudhon ko poorn roop se suraksha pradan karana chahie. isake lie kendr sarakar ne kuchh kshetron ko abhayarany ya rashtriy udyan ke roop men bhi ghoshit kiya hai. sarakar ne adhiniyam ke tahat sabhi jngali janavaron aur pakshiyon adi ke shikar par rok lagaee. sarakar dvara lagae ge pratibndh ke ullnghan ke lie dnd ka pravadhan bhi rakha gaya. prakriti ke anusar manav, paryavaran aur vanyajiv ek-doosare se kisi n kisi roop men jude hue hain. manav sharir v mastishk ko svasth rakhane, shuddh oorja prapt karane ke liye paryavaran ko shuddh v saph suthara rakhana behad hi zaroori hai. paryavaran se hi manav ka jivan sambhav hai aur paryavaran ko shuddh v saph-suthara rakhana hai to van v vanyajivon ki suraksha karana zaroori hai.

mahattv

vanyajiv saptah manane ki gnbhirata; skooli bachchon, yuva logon aur am janata ko vany jivan ke bare men shikshit v jagarook karane ke sath-sath sarakar ke kam karane men, nitiyon ko dizain karane men tatha aj ke badalate parivesh men vanyajiv snrakshan ke muddon ka samadhan karane men bhi madad karati hai. bharat snskriti aur sabhyata ka pratik hai. yahan pratyek din ko mahatta di gee hai, jise ham kisi n kisi roop men manate hain. isi ke chalate desh men 2 aktoobar se 8 aktoobar tak vanyajiv saptah ke roop men manate hain. vanyajiv paryavaran ka ek abhinn ang hai. desh ke dhan ka gathan inhin se hota hai. isamen jngali janavar, pakshi, paudhe adi shamil hain.

kyon manate hain?

vanyajivon ke bina manushy ka koee astitv hi n rah jaega, usaka jivan snkat men pad jayega. isalie vanyajivon ke mahatv ko samajhane v inake prati jagarook rahane ke lie sampoorn vishv men ek abhiyan ke roop men vanyajiv saptah manaya jata hai. vany jivon ki suraksha ke liye pratyek vyakti ko age lane ke lie bharatiy vany jiv bord ne vanyajiv saptah manane ka nirnay liya aur tab se yah 2 se 8 aktoobar tak pratyek varsh manaya jata hai. aj prakriti se jo bhi prapt ho raha hai, sabaki kuchh n kuchh mahatta hai. chahe vah jiv ho ya ped-paudhe, sabhi ek-doosare se jude hue hain. aj yadi vriksh hain to hi manav aur praniyon ka jivan sambhav hai. manav hash‍takshep ke dvara aj lagabhag 41 hajar se bhi adhik jivon ki prajatiyan viluph‍t hone ki kagar par pahunch gee hain. unaka jivan snkat men padane laga hai. aisa kyon? kya ham bhool baithe hain ki unake n rahane se hamara jivan bhi snkat men pad jaega, prakriti ka sara santulan bigad jaega. viluph‍t ho rahi pashu-pakshi, ped-paudhon ki prajatiyon se prakati ka santulan bigada to manav jivan ast-vyast ho jaega. tab manav ke pas keval pachhatava hoga. n ped-paudhe honge aur nahin jiv-jntu rah jayenge. yadi ab bhi hamari ankhen khul jayen to ham jaiv vividhata ke ho rahe hras ko door kar sakate hain. ham jiv-jntu aur vanash‍patiyon ki raksha ko apana param kartavy manakar age badhen, tabhi vikas kar payegen.

bharat men sthiti

van aur vanh‍yajivon ko bharatiy snvidhan ki samavarti soochi men rakha gaya hai. bharat sarakar ke tahat ek kendriy mntralay vanh‍y jiv snrakshan snbndhi nitiyon or niyojan ke snbndh men disha-nirdesh dene ka kary karata hai tatha rashh‍triy nitiyon ko karyanh‍vit karane ki jimh‍medari rajh‍y van vibhagon ki hoti hai.

vanh‍yajivon se sambndhit vaidhanik pahaloo

  • vany jivon ke snrakshan ke lie bharat ke snvidhan men 42ven snshodhan (1976) adhiniyam ke dvara do ne anuchchhed 48-I v 51 ko jodakar vany jivon se snbndhit vishay ke samavarti soochi men shamil kiya gaya.
  • varsh 2002 men rashh‍triy vanh‍yajiv kary yojana (2002-2016) ko apanaya gaya, jisamen vanh‍yajivon ke snrakshan ke lie logon ki bhagidari tatha unaki sahayata par bal diya gaya hai.
  • vany jivon ko vilupt hone se rokane ke lie sarvapratham 1872 men vaild eliphent prijarveshan ekt parit hua tha.
  • varsh 1927 men bharatiy van adhiniyam astitv men aya, jisake pravadhanon ke anusar vany jivon ke shikar evn vanon ki avaidh kataee ko dandaniy aparadh ghoshit kiya gaya.
  • svatntrata ke pashchat, bharat sarakar dvara indiyan bord phaaur vaild laiph ki sthapana ki gee.
  • 1956 men pun: bharatiy van adhiniyam parit kiya gaya.
  • 1972 men vanyajiv snrakshan adhaniyam parit kiya gaya. yah ek vyapak kendriy kanoon hai, jisamen vilupt hote vany jivon tatha any lupt pray: praniyon ke snrakshan ka pravadhan hai.
  • vanyajivon ki chintaniy sthiti men sudhar evn vany jivon ke snrakshan ke lie rashtriy vanyajiv yojana 1983 men prarnbh ki gee.


bharatiy vanh‍yajiv snsh‍than

bharatiy vanh‍yajiv snsh‍than ki sh‍thapana 1982 men ki gee. yah snsh‍than kendriy paryavaran evn van mntralay ke adhin ek sh‍vashasi snsh‍than hai, jise vanh‍yajiv snrakshan kshetr ke prashikshan aur anusndhan snsh‍than ke roop men manh‍yata di gee hai.

vanyajiv aparadh niyntran byooro

vanh‍yajiv snbndhi aparadhon ko rokane ke lie vanh‍yajiv snrakshan nideshak ke antargat vanh‍yajiv aparadh niyntran bh‍yooro ka gathan kiya gaya. vanyajiv aparadh niyntran byooro desh men sngathit vanyajiv aparadh se nipatane ke lie kendriy paryavaran evn van mntralay ke adhin bharat sarakar dvara sthapit ek sanvidhik bahu-anushasanik ikaee hai. isaka mukhyalay nee dilli men sthit hai. isake panch kshetriy karyalay nee dilli, kolakata, munbee, chennee aur jabalapur men sthit hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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