बसंत पंचमी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(बसन्त पंचमी se punarnirdeshit)
basnt pnchami
sarason ke khet
any nam vasnt pnchami
anuyayi hindoo, bharatiy
uddeshy basnt pnchami ke parv se hi 'basnt ritu' ka agaman hota hai. shant, thndi, mnd vayu, katu shit ka sthan le leti hai tatha sab ko navapran v utsah se sparsh karati hai.
prarambh pauranik kal
tithi magh shukl pnchami
dharmik manyata brahman-grnthon ke anusar vagdevi sarasvati brahmasvaroopa, kamadhenu tatha samast devon ki pratinidhi hain. ye hi vidya, buddhi aur gyan ki devi hain. amit tejasvani v annt gunashalini devi sarasvati ki pooja-aradhana ke lie magh mas ki pnchami tithi nirdharit ki gayi hai.
any janakari braj ka yah paramparagat utsav hai. brajavasi bnsati vastr pahanate hain. lokapriy khel patngabazi, basnt pnchami se hi juda hai.

basnt pnchami (angrezi: Basant Panchami) bharat men hinduon ka prasiddh tyohar hai. is din vidya ki devi sarasvati ki pooja ki jati hai. yah pooja sampoorn bharat men bade ullas ke sath ki jati hai. is din striyan pile vastr dharan karati hain. basnt pnchami ke parv se hi 'basnt ritu' ka agaman hota hai. shant, thndi, mnd vayu, katu shit ka sthan le leti hai tatha sab ko navapran v utsah se sparsh karati hai. patrapatal tatha pushp khil uthate hain. striyan pile-vastr pahan, basnt pnchami ke is din ke saundary ko aur bhi adhik badha deti hain. lokapriy khel patngabazi, basnt pnchami se hi juda hai. yah vidyarthiyon ka bhi din hai, is din vidya ki adhishthatri devi man sarasvati ki pooja aradhana bhi ki jati hai.

basnt ka arth

basnt ritu tatha pnchami ka arth hai- shukl paksh ka panchavan din angrezi kalendar ke anusar yah parv janavari-faravari tatha hindoo tithi ke anusar magh ke mahine men manaya jata hai.

basnt ritu

basnt ko rituon ka raja arthath sarvashreshth ritu mana gaya hai. is samay pnchatattv apana prakop chhodakar suhavane roop men prakat hote hain. pnch-tattv- jal, vayu, dharati, akash aur agni sabhi apana mohak roop dikhate hain.
sarason ka phool
akash svachchh hai, vayu suhavani hai, agni (soory) ruchikar hai to jal piyoosh ke saman sukhadata aur dharati, usaka to kahana hi kya vah to mano sakar saundary ka darshan karane vali pratit hoti hai. thnd se thithure vihng ab udane ka bahana dhoondhate hain to kisan lahalahati jau ki baliyon aur sarason ke phoolon ko dekhakar nahin aghate. dhani jahan prakriti ke nav-saundary ko dekhane ki lalasa prakat karane lagate hain to vahin nirdhan shishir ki pratadana se mukt hone par sukh ki anubhooti karane lagate hain. sach! prakriti to mano unmadi ho jati hai. ho bhi kyon na! punarjanm jo ho jata hai. shravan ki panapi hariyali sharad ke bad hemant aur shishir men vriddha ke saman ho jati hai, tab basnt usaka saundary lauta deta hai. navagat, navapallav, navakusum ke sath navagndh ka upahar dekar vilakshan bana deta hai.

pauranik itihas

vishnudharmottar puran men vagdevi ko char bhuja yukt v abhooshanon se susajjit darshaya gaya hai. sknd puran men sarasvati jata-jutayukt, ardhachandr mastak par dharan kie, kamalasan par sushobhit, nil griva vali evn tin netron vali kahi gee hain. roop mndan men vagdevi ka shant, saubhy v shastrokt varnan milata hai. snpoorn snskriti ki devi ke roop men doodh ke saman shvet rng vali sarasvati ke roop ko adhik mahattvapoorn mana gaya hai. basnt parv ka arnbh basnt pnchami se hota hai. isi din shri arthath vidya ki adhishthatri devi mahasarasvati ka janmadin manaya jata hai. sarasvati ne apane chatury se devon ko rakshasaraj kunbhakarn se kaise bachaya, isaki ek manoram katha valmiki ramayan ke uttarakand men ati hai. kahate hain devi var prapt karane ke lie kunbhakarn ne das hazar varshon tak govarn men ghor tapasya ki. jab brahma var dene ko taiyar hue to devon ne kaha ki yah rakshas pahale se hi hai, var pane ke bad to aur bhi unmatt ho jaega tab brahma ne sarasvati ka smaran kiya. sarasvati rakshas ki jibh par savar hueen. sarasvati ke prabhav se kunbhakarn ne brahma se kaha- svapn varshavyanekani. dev dev mamapsinam. yani main kee varshon tak sota rahoon, yahi meri ichchha hai.

sarasvati poojan evn gyan ka mahaparv

brahman-grnthon ke anusar vagdevi sarasvati brahmasvaroopa, kamadhenu tatha samast devon ki pratinidhi hain. ye hi vidya, buddhi aur gyan ki devi hain. amit tejasvini v annt gunashalini devi sarasvati ki pooja-aradhana ke lie maghamas ki pnchami tithi nirdharit ki gayi hai. basnt pnchami ko inaka avirbhav divas mana jata hai. atah vagishvari jaynti v shripnchami nam se bhi yah tithi prasiddh hai. rigved ke 10/125 sookt men sarasvati devi ke asim prabhav v mahima ka varnan hai. man sarasvati vidya v gyan ki adhishthatri hain. kahate hain jinaki jivha par sarasvati devi ka vas hota hai, ve atynt hi vidvanh v kushagr buddhi hote hain. bahut log apana eesht man sarasvati ko manakar unaki pooja-aradhana karate hain. jin par sarasvati ki kripa hoti hai, ve gyani aur vidya ke dhani hote hain. basnt pnchami ka din sarasvati ji ki sadhana ko hi arpit hai. shastron men bhagavati sarasvati ki aradhana vyaktigat roop men karane ka vidhan hai, kintu ajakal sarvajanik pooja-pandalon men devi sarasvati ki moorti sthapit kar pooja karane ka vidhan chal nikala hai. yah gyan ka tyohar hai, phalatah is din prayah shikshan snsthanon v vidyalayon men avakash hota hai. vidyarthi pooja sthan ko sajane-snvarane ka prabandh karate hain. mahotsav ke kuchh saptah poorv hi, vidyalay vibhinn prakar ke varshik samaroh manana prarnbh kar dete hain. sngit, vad- vivad, khel- kood pratiyogitaen evn sanskritik karyakram ayojit kiye jate hain. basnt pnchami ke din hi vijeyataon ko puraskar bante jate hain. mata-pita tatha samuday ke any log bhi bachchon ko utsahit karane in samarohon men ate hain. samaroh ka arambh aur samapan sarasvati vandana se hota hai. prarthana ke bhav hain-

o man sarasvati ! mere mastishk se andhere (agyan) ko hata do tatha mujhe shashvat gyan ka ashirvad do!

navin karyon ke lie shubh din

basnt pnchami ko sabhi shubh karyon ke lie atynt shubh muhoort mana gaya hai. mukhyatah vidyarnbh, navin vidya prapti evn grih pravesh ke lie basnt pnchami ko puranon men bhi atynt shreyaskar mana gaya hai. basnt pnchami ko atynt shubh muhoort manane ke pichhe anek karan hain. yah parv adhikatar magh mas men hi padata hai. magh mas ka bhi dharmik evn adhyatmik drishti se vishesh mahatv hai. is mah men pavitr tirthon men snan karane ka vishesh mahatv bataya gaya hai. doosare is samay sooryadev bhi uttarayan hote hain. puranon men ullekh milata hai ki devataon ka ek ahoratr (din-rat) manushyon ke ek varsh ke barabar hota hai, arthath uttarayan devataon ka din tatha dakshinayan ratri kahi jati hai. soory ki kranti 22 disambar ko adhikatam ho jati hai aur yahin se soory uttarayan shani ho jate hain. 14 janavari ko soory makar rashi men pravesh karate hain aur agale 6 mah tak uttarayan rahate hain. soory ka makar se mithun rashiyon ke bich bhraman uttarayan kahalata hai. devataon ka din magh ke mahine men makar snkranti se prarnbh hokar ashadh mas tak chalata hai. tatpashchath ashadh mas men shukl paksh ki ekadashi se kartik mas shukl paksh ekadashi tak ka samay bhagavan vishnu ka nidra kal athava shayan kal mana jata hai. is samay sooryadev kark se dhanu rashiyon ke bich bhraman karate hain, jise soory ka dakshinayan kal bhi kahate hain. samanyatah is kal men shubh karyon ko varjit bataya gaya hai. choonki basnt pnchami ka parv itane shubh samay men padata hai, atah is parv ka svatah hi adhyatmik, dharmik, vaidik adi sabhi drishtiyon se ati vishisht mahatv parilakshit hota hai.[1]

jyotishiy drishtikon

sarason ka phool

jyotishiy drishti se soory ko brahmand ki atma, pad, pratishtha, bhautik samriddhi, aushadhi tatha gyan aur buddhi ka karak grah mana gaya hai. isi prakar pnchami tithi kisi n kisi devata ko samarpit hai. basnt pnchami ko mukhyatah sarasvati poojan ke nimitt hi mana gaya hai. is ritu men prakriti ko eeshvar pradatt varadan kheton men hariyali evn paudhon evn vrikshon par pallavit pushpon evn phalon ke roop men spasht dekha ja sakata hai. sarasvati ka jaisa shubh shvet, dhaval roop vedon men varnit kiya gaya hai, vah is prakar hai-

"ya kundendu-tushar-har dhavala ya shubhravastravrita, ya vina-var dandamandit kara ya shvet padmasana. ya brahma-chyut shnkar-prabhritibhirdevaiah sada vandita, sa man patu sarasvati bhagavati niah sheshajadayapaha."

arthath "devi sarasvati shital chndrama ki kiranon se girati huee os ki boondon ke shvet har se susajjit, shubh vastron se avrit, hathon men vina dharan kiye hue var mudra men ati shvet kamal roopi asan par virajaman hain. sharada devi brahma, shnkar, achyut adi devataon dvara bhi sada hi vandaniy hain. aisi devi sarasvati hamari buddhi ki jadata ko nasht karake hamen tikshn buddhi evn kushagr medha se yukt karen."

matsyapuran ka ullekh

sarasvati devi ke isi roop evn saundary ka ek prasng matsyapuran men bhi aya hai, jo lokapoojit pitamah brahma ke chaturmukh hone ka karan bhi darshata hai. jab brahma ji ne jagath ki srishti karane ki ichchha se hriday men savitri ka dhyan karake tap prarnbh kiya, us samay unaka nishpap sharir do bhagon men vibhakt ho gaya. isamen adha bhag stri aur adha bhag purush roop ho gaya. vah stri sarasvati, ‘shataroopa’ nam se vikhyat huee. vahi savitri, gayatri aur brahmani bhi kahi jati hai. is prakar apane sharir se utpann savitri ko dekhakar brahma ji mugdh ho uthe aur yon kahane lage- "kaisa saundaryashali roop hai, kaisa manohar roop hai". tadanatar sundari savitri ne brahma ki pradakshina ki, isi savitri ke roop ka avalokan karane ki ichchha hone ke karan brahma ke mukh ke dahine parshrv men ek nootan mukh prakat ho gaya punah vismay yukt evn phadakate hue hothon vala tisara mukh pichhe ki or udbhoot hua tatha unake baeen or kamadev ke banon se vyathit ek mukh ka avirbhav hua. atah spasht hai ki aisi shubh, pavitr tatha saundaryashali devi ati dhaval roop sarasvati devi ki upasana bhi tabhi poornataya phalibhoot ho sakati hai, jab usake lie svayn eeshvar tatha prakriti aisa pavitr evn shant vatavaran nirmit karen, jabaki ham apane man ko poornataya nirmal evn shant banakar poorn roopen devi ki upasana men lin kar den evn naisargik pavitr vatavaran men rahakar man, vachan evn karm se poorn nishtha evn bhakti se sharada devi ki upasana karen evn unaki kripa drishti ke poorn adhikari ban jaen.[1]

sarasvati vrat ka vidhan aur phal

basnt pnchami ke din sarasvati poojan aur vrat karane se vani madhur hoti hai, smaran shakti tivr hoti hai, praniyon ko saubhagy prapt hota hai, vidya men kushalata prapt hoti hai. pati-patni aur bndhujanon ka kabhi viyog nahin hota hai tatha dirghayu evn nirogata prapt hoti hai. is din bhaktipoorvak brahman ke dvara svasti vachan karakar gndh, akshat, shvet pushp mala, shvet vastradi upacharon se vina, akshamala, kamandal, tatha pustak dharan ki huee sabhi alnkaron se alnkrit bhagavati gayatri ka poojan karen. phir is prakar hath jodakar mntrochchar karen-

"yatha vu devi bhagavan brahma lokapitamahah.
tvan parityajy no tishthnn, tatha bhav varaprada..
ved shastrani sarvani nrity gitadikn chareth.
vaditn yath tvaya devi tatha me santusiddhayah..
lakshmirvedavara rishtirgauri tushtiah prabhamatiah.
etabhiah parihattanurishtabhirma sarasvati..

arthath "devi! jis prakar lokapitamah brahma apaka kabhi parityag nahin karate, usi prakar ap bhi hamen var dijie ki hamara bhi kabhi apane parivar ke logon se viyog n ho. he devi! vedadi sampoorn shastr tatha nrity gitadi jo bhi vidyaen hain, ve sabhi apake adhishthan men hi rahati hain, ve sabhi mujhe prapt hon. he bhagavati sarasvati devi! ap apani- lakshmi, medha, vararishti, gauri, tushti, prabha tatha mati- in ath moortiyon ke dvara meri raksha karen." [1]

uparokt vidhi se poojan kar maun hokar bhojan karana chahie. pratyek mas ki pnchami ko suvasini striyon ka bhi poojan karen, unhen yathashakti til, chaval, dugdh v ghrit patr pradan karen aur 'gayatri men priyatamh' aisa bolen. is prakar varsh bhar vrat karen. vrat ki samapti par brahman ko chavalon se bhara patr, shvet vastr, shvet chndan, ghnta, ann adi padarth bhi dan karen. yadi ho to apane guru dev ka bhi vastr, dhan, dhany aur mala adi se poojan karen. is vidhi se jo bhi sarasvati poojan karata hai vah vidvan, dhani aur madhur vani se yukt ho jata hai. bhagavati sarasvati ki kripa se use maharshi vedavyas ke saman gyan prapt ho jata hai. striyan yadi is prakar sarasvati poojan karati hain to unaka apane pati se kabhi viyog nahin hota.

gharon men basnt mahotsav

laddoo

pooja kaksh ko achchhi tarah saf kiya jata hai, tatha sarasvati devi ki pratima ko pile phoolon se saje lakadi ke mndap par rakha jata hai. moorti ko bhi pit pushpon se sajaya jata hai. evn pit paridhan pahanaye jate hain. pila rng hinduon ka shubh rng hai. isi pratima ke nikat ganesh ka chitr ya pratima bhi sthapit ki jati hai. parivar ke sabhi sadasy tatha pooja men sammilit hone vale sabhi vyakti bhi pile vastr dharan karate hain. bachche vayask devi ko pranam karate hain. ber v sngari prasad ki mukhy vastuen hain tatha inhin ke sath pili barphi ya besan laddoo bhi rakhe jate hain. prasad ki thali men nariyal v pan ke patr bhi rakhe jate hain. basnt pnchami, basnt ritu ke pradurbhav ki bhi tithi hai arthath isi din rituraj basnt ka prithvi par pradurbhav hua tha. sath hi isi din kam ke devata anng ka bhi avirbhav hua tha. yani ki is din sampoorn prakriti men ek madak ullas v anand ki srishti huee thi. vah madak ullas v anand ki anubhooti ab bhi jyon ki tyon hai, aur basnt pnchami ke din yah phoot padati hai. pila rng paripakvata ka pratik hai.

basntotsav aur pila rng

basnt pnchami ka annd uthate log

yah rng hinduon ka shubh rng hai. basnt pnchami par n keval pile rng ke vastr pahane jate hain, apitu khady padarthon men bhi pile chaval pile laddoo v kesar yukt khir ka upayog kiya jata hai, jise bachche tatha bade-boodhe sabhi pasnd karate hain. atah is din sab kuchh pila dikhaee deta hai aur prakriti kheton ko pile-sunahare rng se saza deti hai, to doosari or ghar-ghar men log ke paridhan bhi pile drishtigochar hote hain. navayuvak-yuvati ek -doosare ke mathe par chndan ya haldi ka tilak lagakar pooja samaroh arambh karate hain. tab sabhi log apane daen hath ki tisari ungali men haldi, chndan v roli ke mishran ko man sarasvati ke charanon evn mastak par lagate hain, aur jalarpan karate hain. dhan v phalon ko moortiyon par barasaya jata hai. grihalakshmi ber, sngari, laddoo ityadi bantati hai. prayah basnt pnchami ke din pooja samaroh vidhivat nahin hote hain, kyonki log prayah ghar se bahar ke karyon men vyast rahate hain. han, mndir jana v sage-snbndhiyon se bhent kar ashirvad lena to is din avashyak hi hai.

basntotsav aur manornjan

basnt pnchami par patngon ki dukan

bachche v kishor basnt pnchami ka badi utsukata se intazar karate hain. akhir, unhen patng jo udani hai. ve sabhi ghar ki chhaton ya khule sthanon par ekatrit hote hain, aur tab shuroo hoti hai, patngabaji ki jng. koshish hoti hai, pratispardhi ki dor ko katane ki. jab patng katati hai, to use pakadane ki hod machati hai. is bhagam-bhag men sara mahaul utsahit ho uthata hai.

mathura ka mela

magh shukl pnchami ko basnt pnchami ke din mathura men durvasa rishi ke mandir par mela lagata hai. sabhi mandiron men utsav evn bhagavan ke vishesh shrringar hote hain. vrindavan ke shribanke bihariji mandir men basnti kaksh khulata hai. shah ji ke mndir ka basnti kamara prasiddh hai. yahan darshan ko bhari-bhid umadati hai. mandiron men basnti bhog rakhe jate hain aur basnt ke rag gaye jate hain basnm pnchami se hi holi gana shuroo ho jata hai. braj ka yah paramparagat utsav hai. is din sarasvati pooja bhi hoti hai. brajavasi bnsati vastr pahanate hain.

basntotsav par prasad aur bhojan

basnt pnchami ke din vagdevi sarasvati ji ko pila bhog lagaya jata hai aur gharon men bhojan bhi pila hi banaya jata hai. is din visheshakar mitha chaval banaya jata hai. jisamen badam, kishamish, kajoo adi dalakar khir adi vishesh vynjan banaye jate hain. ise dopahar men parosa jata hai. ghar ke sadasyon v agntukon men pili barphi banti jati hai. kesarayukt khir sabhi ko priy lagati hai. gayan adi ke vishesh karyakramon se is tyohar ka anand aur vyapak ho jata hai.

jyotish men basnt pnchami

soory ke kunbh rashi men pravesh ke sath hi rati-kam mahotsav arnbh ho jata hai. yah vahi avadhi hai, jisamen ped-paudhe tak apani purani pattiyon ko tyagakar nee kopalon se achchhadit dikhaee dete hain. samoocha vatavaran pushpon ki sugndh aur bhaunron ki goonj se bhara hota hai. madhumakkhiyon ki toli parag se shahad leti dikhaee deti hai, isalie is mah ko madhumas bhi kaha jata hai. prakriti kamamay ho jati hai. basnt ke is mausam par grahon men sarvadhik vidvanh ‘shukr’ ka prabhav rahata hai. shukr bhi kam aur saundary ke karak hain, isalie rati-kam mahotsav ki yah avadhi kamoddipak hoti hai. adhikatar mahilaen inhin dinon garbhadharan karati hain. janmakundali ka pncham bhav-vidya ka naisargik bhav hai. isi bhav ki grah-sthitiyon par vyakti ka adhyayan nirbhar karata hai. yah bhav dooshit ya papakrant ho, to vyakti ki shiksha adhoori rah jati hai. is bhav se prabhavit log man sarasvati ke prakatachy parv magh shukl pnchami (basnt pnchami) par unaki pooja-archana kar ichchhit kamayabi hasil kar sakate hain. isake lie mata ka dhyan kar padhaee karen, usake bad ganesh naman aur phir mantr jap karen. isake alava snkshipt vidhi ka sahara bhi liya ja sakata hai. har rashi ke chhatr apani rashi ke shubh pushpon se man mahasarasvati ki sadhana kar sakate hain. mesh aur vrishchik rashi ke chhatr lal pushp visheshat: gudahal, lal kaner, lal gainde adi se aradhana karake labh uthaen. vrish aur tula rashi vale shvet pushpon tatha mithun aur kanya rashi vale chhatr kamal pushpon se aradhana kar sakate hain. kark rashi vale shvet kamal ya any shvet pushp se, jabaki sinh rashi ke log javakusum (lal gudahal) se aradhana karake labh pa sakate hain. dhanu aur min ke log pile pushp tatha makar aur kunbh rashi ke log nile pushpon se man sarasvati ki aradhana kar sakate hain.
agar ap mndir ja rahe hain, to pahale Om gn ganapataye nam: mantr ka jap karen. usake bad mata sarasvati ke is mantr Om ain hrin klin mahasarasvati devyai nam: ka jap karake ashirvad prapt kar sakate hain. is mantr ke jap se janmakundali ke lagn (pratham bhav), pncham (vidya) aur navam (bhagy) bhav ke dosh bhi samapt ho jate hain. in tinon bhavon (trikon) par shri mahakali, shri mahasarasvati aur shri mahalakshmi ka adhipaty mana jata hai. man sarasvati ki kripa se hi vidya, buddhi, vani aur gyan ki prapti hoti hai. devi kripa se hi kavi kalidas ne yash aur khyati arjit ki thi. valmiki, vasishth, vishvamitr, shaunak aur vyas jaise mahanh rishi devi-sadhana se hi kritarth hue the.


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adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 basnt pnchami (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 12 faravari, 2013.

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