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ras bihari ghosh
ras bihari ghosh
poora nam ras bihari ghosh
janm 23 disambar, 1845
janm bhoomi bardavan, pashchim bngal
mrityu 1921
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi rajanitigy, janemane adhivakta aur samajik karyakarta
parti bharatiy rashtriy kangres
vidyalay presidensi kaaulej, kalakatta
snbndhit lekh kangres adhiveshan, bharatiy rashtriy kangres, gopal krishn gokhale
any janakari san 1906 men kalakatta men kangres ke varshik adhiveshan men ras bihari ghosh svagat samiti ke adhyaksh bane. agale varsh unhonne soorat adhiveshan ki adhyakshata ki, jo bhari gadabadi ke sath samapt ho gaya.
adyatan‎

ras bihari ghosh (angrezi: Rash Behari Ghosh, janm- 23 disambar, 1845; mrityu- 1921) bharatiy rajanitigy, janemane adhivakta aur samajik karyakarta the. vah gopal krishn gokhale ke rajanitik vicharon se bahut prabhavit the. unake lie bharat men british shasan ek ashirvad tha aur unhen briten par kafi bharosa tha. san 1906 men kalakatta men kangres ke varshik adhiveshan men ras bihari ghosh svagat samiti ke adhyaksh bane the. isake agale hi varsh unhonne soorat adhiveshan ki adhyakshata ki thi.

parichay

ras bihari ghosh ka janm pashchim bngal ke bardavan men 23 disnbar, 1845 ee. ko hua tha. kuchh vakt ke lie sthaniy pathashala men padhane ke bad unhonne bardavan raj kaaulejiet skool men shiksha grahan ki. bankuda se pravesh pariksha pas karane ke bad unhonne presidensi kaaulej, kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) men pravesh liya. unhonne pratham shreni men em.e. angrezi ki pariksha pas ki. san 1871 men unhonne qanoon ki shiksha grahan ki aur phir 1884 men unhen daauktar aauf laau ki manad upadhi se navaja gaya.[1]

rajaniti gatividhiyan

ras bihari ghosh kalakatta vishvavidyalay ke sath jude the. san 1887-1899 ke bich vah sindiket ke sadasy rahe. gopal krishn gokhale ki anivary prathamik shiksha ki yojana ka unhonne samarthan kiya aur svadeshi andolan ke samay unhonne rashtriy shiksha ke lie is kadam ka samarthan kiya. vah neshanal kaunsil aauf aijukeshan ke pahale adhyaksh chune ge. 1906 tak ras bihari ghosh ne kabhi khud ko sarvajanik roop se bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke sath snbndhit nahin rakha. rajaniti men unaki pahali mahatvapoorn upasthiti 1905 men rahi, jab unhonne kalakatta vishvavidyalay ke dikshant samaroh men laaurd karjan ki apattijanak tippani ke khilaph kalakatta taun haaul me ayojit sabha ki adhyakshata ki.

kangres adhiveshan

san 1906 men kalakatta men kangres ke varshik adhiveshan men ras bihari ghosh svagat samiti ke adhyaksh bane. agale varsh unhonne soorat adhiveshan ki adhyakshata ki, jo bhari gadabadi ke sath samapt ho gaya. 1908 men unhonne madras adhiveshan ki adhyakshata ki.[1]

svadeshi andolan

rajaniti men ek udaravadi ke taur par unhonne svadeshi andolan men pramukhata se bhag liya, jo unake mutabik "videshiyon se napharat par nahin balki apane desh se pyar par adharit hai". unake lie isaka matalab tha "bharatiyon ke lie bharat ka vikas". yah lakshy vah snvaidhanik virodh pradarshan ke jariye pana chahate the aur asahishnu adarshavadi ke taur par charamapnthiyon ki ninda karana chahate the. doosare deshon ke rashtriy andolan men bhi unaki ruchi thi.

gokhale se prabhavit

ras bihari ghosh gokhale ke rajanitik vicharon se bahut prabhavit the. unake lie bharat men british shasan ek ashirvad tha aur unhen briten par kafi bharosa tha. unaka manana tha ki "main kabhi nahin sochata ki inglaind kabhi apane kadam vapas lega ya bharat ke prati apane kartavy ko bhoolega. vah ek vijeta ke roop men nahin balki logon ki sahaj anumati se sab kuchh thik aur vyavasthit karane, avyavastha aur arajakata ki jagah achchhi sarakar dene... seva pradan karane aee hai, aur ab ye kary poora ho gaya hai... aur ab inglaind ke lie hamen svayattata dene ka kary rah gaya hai, jaisa ki usane apani doosari kaauloniyon ko diya hai."[1]

arthavyavastha ke sahasi rakshak, bharat ke hiton ko dhyan men rakhate hue unhonne svadeshi andolan ko svadeshi udyogon ke palan-poshan aur protsahan ke roop me dekha, jo british sarakar ki mukt udyog niti ko dekhate hue sima shulk dvara surakshit hone men asaphal thi. unake mutabik bharat sarakar ko desh ke udyaugik vikas ka lakshy sthapit karane ke lie ek ‘prerak bal’ hona chahie. vah sarvajanik sabha men bhashan ke abhyast nahin the, par vah ek nipun vakta the. unhonne bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke satr ko snbodhit kiya aur kee any mahatvapoorn avasaron par bhi apani bat rakhi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 ras bihari ghosh (hindi) inc.in. abhigaman tithi: 2 joon, 2017.

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