के. कामराज  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(कामराज se punarnirdeshit)
ke. kamaraj
ke. kamaraj
poora nam kamakshi kumarasvami nader
janm 15 julaee, 1903
janm bhoomi virudhunagar, tamilanadu
mrityu 2 aktoobar, 1975
mrityu sthan chennee, tamilanadu
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi bharatiy rajaniti men ke. kamaraj 'king mekar' ke roop men jane jate the.
parti bharatiy rashtriy kangres
pad tamilanadu ke mukhyamntri, kangres ke adhyaksh
kary kal mukhyamntri pad (madras evn talimanadu)

1954 se 1963 tak

jel yatra azadi se pahale hi kamaraj kee bar giraphtar hue aur jel gaye.
puraskar-upadhi bharat ratn
vishesh yogadan kaksha 11vin tak ni:shulk tatha anivary shiksha lagoo kar di.
any janakari ke. kamaraj sath ke dashak men 'kangres sngathan' men sudhar ke lie banayi gee kamaraj yojana ke karan vikhyat hue.

ke. kamaraj athava kumarasvami kamaraj (angrezi: Kumarasami Kamaraj, janm- 15 julaee, 1903; mrityu- 2 aktoobar, 1975) dakshin bharat ke rajaneta the, jo 'nadar jati' se uthakar madras, bad men tamilanadu ke mukhyamntri aur 'kangres parti' ke adhyaksh bane. tamilanadu ki rajaniti men bilkul nichale star se apana rajanitik jivan shuroo kar desh ke do pradhanamntri chunane men mahatvooparn bhoomika nibhane ke karan kingamekar kahe jane vale ke. kamaraj sath ke dashak men kangres sngathan men sudhar ke lie banayi gee kamaraj yojana ke karan vikhyat hue.

parichay

ke. kamaraj ke ka janm 15 julaee, 1903 ko tamilanadu ke 'virudhunagar' men hua tha. unaka mool nam 'kamakshi kumarasvami nader' tha, lekin bad men vah ke. kamaraj ke nam se prasiddh hue. kamaraj ke pita vyapari the, kintu unaki asamay mrityu ne unake parivar ko pareshani men dal diya. bharatiy rajaniti men ve 'king mekar' ke roop men jane jate the. 'bharatiy svatntrata andolan' men bhi unaki sakriy bhoomika rahi. bharat ke pratham pradhanamntri javaharalal neharoo ke vah atyadhik nikat rahe. kamaraj apani padhaee poori nahin kar pae. jaaurj joseph ke netritv vale 'vaikam satyagrah' ne unhen akarshit kiya. 16 varsh ki ayu men hi kamaraj kangres men shamil ho ge. azadi se pahale hi kamaraj kee bar giraphtar hue aur jel gaye. jel men rahate hue hi unhen 'myunisipal kaunsil' ka adhyaksh chun liya gaya, kintu rihaee ke nau mahine bad hi unhonne pad se tyagapatr de diya aur kaha ki- "kisi ko bhi tab tak koee pad svikar nahin karana chahie, jab tak vah usake sath poora nyay n kar sake."

rajanitik jivan

15 sal ki ayu men kamaraj ne apane grih zile men kangres parti ke lie dhan ekatr karane ka abhiyan chalakar rajaniti men pravesh kiya. 1937 men unhen 'madras vidhanasabha' ke lie chun liya gaya aur 1952 ke am chunav men unhonne lokasabha ki sit jiti. 1954 se 1963 tak vah madras ke mukhyamntri rahe aur 'kamaraj yojana' ke antargat unhonne pad tyag diya, jisamen nichale star par 'kangres parti ke punargathan' ke lie apane ko samarpit karane ke lie varishth rashtriy evn rajy padadhikariyon ke svaichchhik tyagapatr ka pravadhan tha. isake turnt bad hi unhen parti ka adhyaksh niyukt kiya gaya. unhonne 1964 men lal bahadur shastri ko aur 1966 men indira gandhi ko pradhanamntri banane men pramukh bhoomika nibhaee. donon bar dakshinapnthi moraraji desaee (janata parti) ko haraya, kintu 1967 men vah apane grihanagar men har ge. isake turnt bad indira gandhi unhen parti ke netritv se hatane men saphal rahin. 1969 men vah purane netaon ke gut ke sadasy rahe, jisane indira gandhi ko satta se hatane ka prayas kiya, lekin parti men vibhajan ho gaya, jisamen kamaraj aur unake sahayogi ek chhote se vibhajit gut ke sath alag-thalag ho ge.

kingamekar

mana jata hai ki 'kamaraj yojana' ke karan hi kamaraj kendr ki rajaniti men itane sashakt ho ge ki neharoo ji ke nidhan ke bad shastri aur indira gandhi ko pradhanamntri banavane men unaki bhoomika 'kingamekar' ki hi rahi. vah tin bar 'kangres adhyaksh' bhi rahe. dakshin bharat ki rajaniti men kamaraj ek aise neta the, jinhen shiksha ke kshetr men unake mahattvapoorn yogadan ke lie jana jata hai. kamaraj ke rajanitik guru satyamoorti the. unhonne kamaraj men ek nishthavan aur kushal sngathanakarta dekha. da. sudarshan kahate hain ki 'kamaraj men gazab ka rajanitik kaushal tha. unaki chhavi achchhi thi aur unhonne sadaiv padosi rajyon ke sath sauhardapoorn snbndh banae rakhe.

kamaraj yojana

pratham pradhanamntri javaharalal neharoo ke antarng aur tamilanadu rajy ke tin bar mukhyamntri rahe kamaraj ko kangres men 'kingamekar' ke nam se jana jata tha. rashtriy star ki rajaniti men neharoo hi kamaraj ko lekar ae the. kamaraj ne sath ke dashak ke prarambh men mahasoos kiya ki kangres ki pakad kamazor hoti ja rahi hai. unhonne neharoo ko ek yojana sujhaee aur svayn 2 aktoobar 1963 ko tamilanadu ke mukhyamntri pad se tyagapatr de diya. unaka vichar tha ki parti ke bade neta sarakar men apane padon se istipha de den aur apani oorja kangres men nee jan phoonkane ke lie lagaen. unaki is yojana men unhonne svayn bhi tyagapatr diya aur lal bahadur shastri, jagajivan ram, moraraji desaee tatha es. ke. patil jaise netaon ne bhi sarakari pad tyag die. isi yojana ko 'kamaraj yojana' ke nam se jana jata hai.

mukhyamntri pad

azadi ke bad 13 aprail 1954 ko kamaraj ne anichchhapoorvak tamilanadu ka mukhyamntri pad svikar kiya aur pradesh ko ek aisa neta mil gaya jo unake lie kee krantikari qadam uthane vala tha. kamaraj ne unake netritv ko chunauti dete rahe si. subrahmanyam aur em. bhaktavatsalyam ko kaibinet men shamil kar sabako chaunka diya.

netritv kshamata

ke. kamaraj ki pratima, chennee

kamaraj lagatar tin bar tamilanadu ke mukhyamntri rahe. unhonne pradesh ki saksharata dar, jo kabhi sat pratishat hua karati thi, ko badhakar 37 pratishat tak pahuncha diya. kamaraj ke lie rajyasabha sansad da. ee. em. sudarshan nachiyappan ne kaha ki 'kamaraj ek kaddavar neta the. tamilanadu men ham unaki netritv kshamata aur unake kamon ki barabari kisi aur se nahin kar sakate.' nimn varg ka hone ke karan kamaraj nichali jatiyon aur achhoot matadataon ko kangres ki or akarshit karane men saphal rahe. unhonne apane rajy ke lagabhag sabhi ganvon men jakar vyaktigat snpark karane ke apane dridh vishvas ko ek se adhik bar rekhakint kiya.

yogadan

kamaraj ne azadi ke bad janmi tamilanadu ki pidhi ke lie buniyadi snrachana mazaboot ki. kamaraj ne shiksha kshetr ke lie kee mahattvapoorn nirnay kie. unhonne vyavastha ki ki koee bhi ganv bina prathamik skool ke n rahe. unhonne niraksharata hatane ka pran kiya aur kaksha 11vin tak ni:shulk tatha anivary shiksha lagoo kar di. vah skoolon men garib bachchon ko 'madhyahn bhojan' dene ki yojana lekar ae. da. sudarshan kahate hain ki shiksha kshetr men buniyadi kam ke alava tamilanadu ko unhonne ek aur upahar diya tha, vah skooli tatha uchch shiksha men tamil bhasha ko ek madhyam ke taur par lekar ae. unhin ke karyakal ke bad se tamilanadu men bachche tamil men shiksha hasil kar sake.

bharat ratn

kamaraj ko do poorv pradhanamntriyon lalabahadur shastri ke sath 1964 tatha indira gandhi ke sath 1966 men kam karane ka avasar mila. unaki pahachan 'dakshin ke gandhi' ke roop men thi. sadagi priy kamaraj ko 1976 men maranoparant desh ke sarvochch nagarik samman bharat ratn pradan kiya gaya.

nidhan

2 aktoobar, 1975 ko kamaraj ka chennee men nidhan ho gaya tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

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