सी. एन. अन्नादुराई  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

si. en. annaduraee
si. en. annaduraee
poora nam kanjivaram natarajan annaduraee
janm 15 sitambar, 1909
janm bhoomi kanchipuram, tamilanadu
mrityu 3 faravari, 1969
mrityu sthan madras
abhibhavak natarajan evn bangaru ammal
pati/patni rani annaduraee
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi rajanitigy, poorv mukhyamntri (tamilanadu)
parti 'dravid munnetr kadagam' (di.em.ke.)
kary kal faravari, 1967 se 3 faravari, 1969
shiksha bi.e.; em.e.
vidyalay 'madras vishvavidyalay'
vishesh yogadan annaduraee ji rajakaj men kshetriy bhasha ke prayog ke pakshapati the. inhonne apane pradesh men tamil bhasha ke prayog ko paryapt protsahan diya.
any janakari madras rajy ka namakaran 'tamilanadu' karane ka shrey bhi annaduraee ko hi jata hai. inaki asamayik mootyu ne inhen mukhyamntri ke roop men do varsh se bhi kam avadhi tak hi pradeshavasiyon ki seva karane ka avasar diya.

kanjivaram natarajan annaduraee (angrezi: Conjeevaram Natarajan Annadurai; janm- 15 sitambar, 1909, tamilanadu, british bharat; mrityu- 3 faravari, 1969, madras) tamilanadu ki rajaniti men kafi mahattvapoorn prabhav rakhate the. unhen 'anna' arthat 'bada bhaee' kahakar sambodhit kiya jata tha. si. en. annaduraee tamilanadu ke lokapriy neta, bharat ke pratham gair kangresi mukhyamntri evn 'dravid munnetr kadagam' dal ke snsthapak the. tambakoo se rache dant, khoontidar dadhi aur lubhavani shushk avaz vale annaduraee ke sath adhunik tamilanadu ki kahani judi huee hai. si. en annaduraee aise pratham neta the, jinaki desh ke svatntrata sngram men koee bhoomika nahin thi. annaduraee bharatiy rajaniti ke kabhi bhi khilaf nahin rahe, kintu unhonne 'bharatiy snvidhan' men apane rajy ke lie adhik svayattata chahi thi.

janm

si. en. annaduraee ka janm 15 sitambar, 1909 men britishakalin madras (vartaman chennee) ke nikat kanchipuram, tamilanadu men hua tha. ye ek nimn madhyam vargiy hindoo parivar se sambandh rakhate the. inake pita ka nam natarajan evn mata bangaru ammal thin. si. en. annaduraee ke pita bunakar ka kary karate the.

shiksha tatha vivah

annaduraee ne apani shiksha-diksha madras tathan kanchipuram men poorn ki thi. 21 varsh ki ayu men chhatr jivan men hi si. en. annaduraee ka vivah rani annaduraee se hua. unhonne san 1934 men bi. e. ki digri prapt ki. isake bad 'madras vishvavidyalay' se arthashastr men snatakottar ki digri prapt ki. snatakottar ki pariksha ke pashchath unhonne lagabhag ek varsh tak haeeskool men angrezi adhyapak ke roop men adhyapan kary bhi kiya. tabhi unaka rookh patrakarita aur rajaniti ki or unmukh hua, jo ki unake jivan men pradhan dilachaspi ke roop men tha.

snpadak tatha lekhak

tamil jagaran men annaduraee ke nibndhon ne mahatvapoorn yogadan diya tha. unhonne 'jastis' namak tamil patr ke sahayak snpadak evn bad men 'vidughalaee' namak patr ke snpadak ke pad par kary kiya tha. si. en. annaduraee ne san 1942 men tamil saptahik 'dravidanad', san 1957 men angrezi saptahik 'homalaind' tatha ek varsh pashchath 'homarool' namak patrika nikali thi. ye hindi ke prabal virodhi tatha tamil bhasha aur sahity ke punarutthanakarta the. annaduraee ne anek tamil akhabaron, jaise- 'vidulahalaee', 'kudi arasu', 'devinadhandu', 'mailee mani' aur 'kanchi' ityadi ko sahayog diya. unaki sahity men bhi gahari dilachaspi thi tatha unhonne natakakar evn lekhak ke roop men laghu kathaen bhi likhi thin.

rajaniti men pravesh

si. en. annaduraee ne apane prarnbhik rajanitik kairiyar men 'jastis parti' ko sahayog diya tatha kangres ka virodh kiya. ve san 1934 men periyar ee. vi. ramasvami ke sampark men aye the. 'jastis parti' ka san 1949 men 'dravid kadagam' nam se punah namakaran kiya gaya. isane apane poorv british drishtikon badal diya tatha yah parti manaviy moolyon par adharit parti ke roop men ubhar kar samane aee.

mukhyamntri

1949 men hi 'dravid kadagam' ka vibhajan ho gaya tatha annaduraee ne 'dravid munnetr kadagam' nam se parti ki shuruat ki. 1957 men madras vidhan sabha ka sadasy nirvachit hone ke sath annaduree ka sakriy rajanitik jivan prarnbh hua. madras men jaldi hi 'di.em.ke.' parti majaboot takat ke roop men ubhari. 1962 men ve rajy sabha men ge aur 1967 men am chunav men dravid munetr kadagam ko poorn bahumat mila aur annaduree madras ke gair kangresi mukhyamntri bane.

kshetriy bhasha ke samarthak

annaduraee ji rajakaj men kshetriy bhasha ke prayog ke pakshapati the. inhonne apane pradesh men tamil bhasha ke prayog ko paryapt protsahan diya. madras rajy ka namakaran 'tamilanadu' karane ka shrey bhi annaduraee ko hi jata hai. tamilanadu ka mukhyamntritv grahan karane ke poorv rajy sabha ke sadasy ke roop men bhi inhonne khyati prapt ki thi. san 1967 ke mahanirvachan men tamilanadu men 'dravid munnetr kadagam' ki abhootapoorv saphalata ne annaduraee ko apane dal ko rashtriy star par pratishthapit karane ki prerana pradan ki thi. yadi asamay hi ye kalakavalit n ho ge hote to snbhavatah bhavishy men 'dravid munnetr kadagam' ka sthan 'bharat munnetr kadagam' ne le liya hota.

annaduree hindi bhasha ke prabal virodhi the. jastis parti bhi prarnbh se hi kangres ki virodhi thi. si. rajagopalachari ke mukhyamntritv kal men hindi ka virodh karane ke karan annaduraee ko jel bhi jana pada tha. tamil bhasha ke prabhavashali lekhak ke roop men prapt pratishtha ka unako rajanitik labh mila tha. 1944 men jastis parti ka nam badalakar ‘dravid kadagam’ rakh liya gaya. nee parti men apani niti men bhi parivartan kiya. purane neta periyar is parivartan ke samarthak nahin the. periyar chahate the ki 15 agast, 1947 ko 'shok divas' ke roop men manaya jae, par annaduraee isake paksh men nahin the. isi matabhed ke karan 1949 men ‘dravid munetr kadagam’ namak naya dal bana aur jivanaparynt ve usake ekachhatr neta rahe.[1]

nidhan

tamilanadu ki rajaniti men prasiddhi pane vale aur vahan apani vishesh pahachan kayam karane vale si. en. annaduraee ka nidhan 3 faravari, 1969 men hua. inaki asamayik mootyu ne inhen mukhyamntri ke roop men do varsh se bhi kam avadhi tak pradeshavasiyon ki seva karane ka hi avasar diya, tathapi yah alpavadhi bhi anek drishtiyon se mahattvapoorn sabit huee.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharatiy charit kosh |lekhak: liladhar sharma 'parvatiy' |prakashak: shiksha bharati, madarasa rod, kashmiri get, dilli |prishth snkhya: 28-29 |

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