स्वदेशी आन्दोलन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

svadeshi andolan bharatiy svatantrata andolan ka ek mahattvapoorn andolan hai jo bharatiyon ki saphal rananiti ke lie jana jata hai. svadeshi ka arth hai - apane desh ka. is rananiti ke antargat briten men bane mal ka bahishkar karana tatha bharat men bane mal ka adhikadhik prayog karake briten ko arthik hani pahunchana v bharat ke logon ke liye rozagar srijan karana tha. svadeshi andolan, mahatma gandhi ke svatantrata andolan ka kendr bindu tha. unhonne ise svaraj ki atma bhi kaha tha.

andolan ki ghoshana

disambar, 1903 ee. men bngal vibhajan ke prastav ki khabar phailane par charo or virodhasvaroop anek baithaken hueen, jisamen adhikatar dhaka, meman sinh evn chataganv men huee. surendranath banarji, kushn kumar mishr, prithvishachandr ray jaise bngal ke netaon ne 'bngali', 'hitavadi' evn 'snjivani' jaise akhabaron dvara vibhajan ke prastav ki alochana ki. virodh ke bavajood karzan ne 19 julaee, 1905 ee, ko 'bngal vibhajan' ke nirnay ki ghoshana ki, jisake parinamasvaroop 7 agast, 1905 ko kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) ke 'taun hal' men 'svadeshi andolan' ki ghoshana ki gee tatha 'bahishkar prastav' pas kiya gaya. isi baithak men aitihasik bahishkar prastav parit hua. 16 aktoobar, 1905 ko bngal vibhajan ke lagoo hone ke sath hi vibhajan prabhavi ho gaya.[1]

bahishkar andolan

apani mangon ko manavane ke lie udaravadiyon ki anunay-vinay ki niti ko asvikar karate hue use ugravadiyon ne 'rajanitik bhikshavritti' ki sngya di. tilak ne kaha ki 'hamara uddeshy atm-nirbharata hai, bhikshavritti nahin.' vipin chandr pal ne kaha ki 'yadi sarakar mere pas akar kahe ki svarajy le lo, to main upahar ke lie dhanyavad dete hue kahoonga ki 'mai us vastu ko svikar nahin kar sakata, jisako prapt karane ki samarthy mujhamen nahin hai.' in netaon ne videshi mal ka bahishkar, svadeshi mal ko angikar kar rashtriy shiksha evn satyagrah ke mahatv par bal diya. udaravadi neta svadeshi evn bahishkar andolan ko bngal tak hi simit rakhana chahate the aur unaka bahishkar andolan videshi mal ke bahishkar tak hi simit tha, kintu ugravadi neta in andolanon ka prasar desh ke vistrit kshetr men karana chahate the. inake bahishkar andolan ki tulana gandhi ji ke 'asahayog andolan' se ki ja sakati hai. ye bahishkar andolan ko asahayog andolan aur shantipoorn pratirodh tak le jana chahate the. keval videshi kapade ka hi bahishkar nahin, apitu sarakari skoolon, adalaton, upadhiyon sarakari naukariyon ka bhi bahishkar isamen shamil tha.[2]

andolan ka prabhav

1905 ee. men hue kangres ke 'banaras adhiveshan' ki adhyakshata karate hue gokhale ne len bhi svadeshi evn bahishkar andolan ko samarthan diya. ugravadi dal ke neta tilak, vipinachandr pal, lajapat ray evn aravind ghosh ne poore desh men is andolan ko phailana chaha. svadeshi andolan ke samay logon ka andolan ke prati samarthan ekatr karane men 'svadesh bandhav samiti' ki mahattvapoorn bhoomika thi. isaki sthapana ashvini kumar datt ne ki thi. shindhr hi svadeshi andolan ka parinam samane a gaya, jisake parinamasvaroop 15 agast, 1906 ee. ko ek rashtriy shiksha parishad ki sthapana ki gayi. svadeshi andolan ka prabhav sanskritik kshetr par bhi pada, bngal sahity ke lie yah samay svarn kal ka tha. ravindranath taigor ne isi samay 'amar sonar bngala' namak git likha, jo 1971 ee. men bngaladesh ka rashtriy gan bana. ravindranath taigor ko unake giton ke snkalan 'gitanjali' ke lie sahity ka nobel puraskar mila. kala ke kshetr men avanindranath taigor ne pashchaty prabhav se alag hatakar svadeshi chitrakari shuru ki. svadeshi andolan men pahali bar mahilaon ne poorn roop se pradarshan kiya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 bngal vibhajan (hindi) (pi.ech.pi.) bharatakosh. abhigaman tithi: 21 apral, 2012.
  2. bharatiy rashtriy andolan (dvitiy charan) (hindi) (pi.ech.pi.) bharatakosh. abhigaman tithi: 21 apral, 2012.

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