सी. शंकरन नायर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

si. shnkaran nayar
si. shnkaran nayar
poora nam shnkaran nayar chettoor
janm 11 julaee 1857
janm bhoomi palakkad, keral
mrityu 24 aprail 1934
mrityu sthan madras (vartaman chennee)
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi bharatiy nyayavid evn rajaneta
shiksha arts evn kanoon ki upadhi
vidyalay madras presidensi kaaulej
puraskar-upadhi kamandar aauph indiyan empayar (1904), 'nait ki padavi' (1912)
any janakari si. shnkaran nayar ek prakhar rashtravadi the. isalie unhonne jahan ek taraph british snsadiy snsthaen, deshaprem aur udyogon ki sarahana ki, vahi doosari taraph bharatiy arthavyavastha par british raj ke dushprabhavon ko ujagar bhi kiya.

si. shnkaran nayar (angrezi: C. Sankaran Nair, janm: 11 julaee, 1857, palakkad, keral; mrityu: 24 aprail, 1934, madras) bharatiy nyayavid evn rajaneta the, jinhonne apane svatntr vicharon aur spashtavadita ke bavajood uchch sarakari pad hasil kie the, jo us samay bharatiyon ko mushkil se milate the. unhonne ek sath mohanadas karamachndr gandhi ke netritv men charam bharatiy rashtravadi andolan tatha british bharat sarakar dvara ise balapoornak kuchale jane, donon ka virodh kiya tha.[1]

janm evn shiksha

si. shnkaran nayar ka janm 11 julaee, 1857 ko manakara, palakkad ke nikat, keral men hua tha. inaka poora nam shnkaran nayar chettoor tha. inaki prarnbhik shiksha parnparik tarike se ghar men hi huee thi aur phir vah malabar ke skool men jari rahi, kalikat ke praauvinshiyal skool se arts ki pariksha men vah pratham shreni se uttirn hue. isake bad si. shnkaran nayar ne madras ke presidensi kaaulej men dakhila liya. 1877 men unhonne kala ki upadhi prapt ki aur do sal bad madras laau kaaulej se qanoon ki upadhi hasil ki. 1880 men inhonne madras haeekort men vakil ke taur par apana peshevar jivan shuroo kiya.

nyayadhish pad

shnkaran nayar ko madras prant ka sarakari vakil 1899 men banaya gaya evn mahadhivakta 1907 men tatha madras uchch nyayalay ka nyayadhish 1908 men niyukt kiya gaya. 1915 tak vah is pad par rahe. isi bich sal 1902 men vaauyasaray laaurd karjan ne unhen salig yoonivarsiti kamishan ka sachiv banaya. apane sabase prasiddh faisale men unhonne hindoo dharm men dharmataran ko uchit thaharaya tatha faisala diya ki aise dharmantarit log jati bahishkrit nahin hain. kuchh salon tak vah bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke pratinidhi rahe aur isake amaravati adhiveshan 1897 ki adhyakshata ki, unhonne 'd madras rivyoo' evn 'd madras laau' jarnal ki sthapana aur snpadan kiya.[1]

rashtravadi

si. shnkaran nayar ke bare men koee shak nahin tha ki vah ek prakhar rashtravadi the. halanki, vah kattarapnthi rashtravadi nahin the jo doosaron men kya achchha hai ise dekhakar andhe ho jae, isalie unhonne jahan ek taraph british snsadiy snsthaen, deshaprem aur udyogon ki sarahana ki, vahi doosari taraph bharatiy arthavyavastha par british raj ke dushprabhavon ko ujagar bhi kiya.

vyaktitv

si. shnkaran nayar rajaniti men udaravadi aur naramapnthi the. sar shnkaran ki maujoodagi utani hi prabhavashali thi, jitani unaki yogyata. apane jivanakal men vah jis bhi kshetr men ge, vahan unhonne oonchaeeyon ko chhua. vah ek deshapremi the jo apane logon ki bhalaee ke lie kary karata tha. samajik sudharon men vah apane samay se kahin age the aur unaka yogadan kafi aham tha.

nait ki upadhi

si. shnkaran 1915 men shiksha sadasy ke roop men vayasaray ki parishad men shamil hue. is karyalay men unhonne bar-bar bharatiy snvaidhanik sudharo ka agrah kiya aur 'maauntegyoo-chemsaford yojana' (22 aprail 1918 ko adhisoochit) ka samarthan kiya, jisake anusar, british samrajy ke tahat bharat ko dhire-dhire svashasan hasil karana tha. unhonne pnjab men asntosh dabane ke lie lnbe samay tak fauji qanoon ka istemal kie jane ke virodh men 1919 men parishad se tyagapatr de diya. 1904 men unaki sevaon ko dekhate hue unhen king emparar dvara "kamandar aauph indiyan empayar" ki upadhi se navaja gaya aur sal 1912 men unhen 'nait ki padavi' se sammanit kiya gaya. si. shnkaran nayar lndan men 1920-1921 tak bharat rajy sachiv ke salahakar tatha bharatiy rajy parishad ke sadasy 1925 tak rahe.[1]

british karyavahi ki alochana

si. shnkaran nayar ne 'akhil bharatiy samiti' ke adhyaksh ke roop men bhi kam kiya, jisane 1928-1929 men bharatiy vaidhanik samasyaon ke bare men, khas kuchh n hasil karate hue, saiman ayog (bharatiy vaidhanik ayog, jisamen british rajanitigy the) se bhent ki. apani pustak 'gandhi aind enarki' (1922) men si. shnkaran nayar nen gandhi ke asahayog andolan tatha fauji qanoon ke tahat british karyavahi ki kadi alochana ki. ek british adalat ne nirnay diya ki is pustak men 1919 ke pnjab vidroh ke dauran bharat ke leftinent gavarnar sar maikal fransis o'dayar ki manahani ki gee hai.[1]

mrityu

si. shnkaran nayar ki mrityu 24 aprail 1934, madras {vartaman chennee} men ho gee.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 bharat gyanakosh, khand-5 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika praivet limited, nee dilli aur paaupyular prakashan, mumbee |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 254 |

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