एस. श्रीनिवास आयंगार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

es. shrinivas ayngar
es. shrinivas ayngar
janm 11 sitambar, 1874
janm bhoomi ramanathapuram (ramanad) zila madras
mrityu 19 mee, 1941
nagarikata bharatiy
parti bharatiy rashtriy kangres
kary kal 1916 se 1920 -bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke adhyaksh
any janakari disambar 1927) men unake prayason ko saphalata mili, jahan par hindoo musalamanon ki ekata ke prastav ko poorn samarthan se parit kar diya gaya.
adyatan‎

es. shrinivas ayngar (angrezi: S. Srinivasa Iyengar, janm: 11 sitambar, 1874,ramanathapuram (ramanad) zila madras; mrityu: 19 mee, 1941) bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke adhyaksh v bharatiy vakil the.[1]

jivan parichay

ek rudhivadi shri vaishnav brahman tatha ramanathapuram (ramanad) zila madras ke pratishthit dhanadhy zamindar ke putr ke roop men shrinivas 11 sitambar 1874 ko paida hue. shrinivas ayngar ne 1898 men madras uchch nyayalay men praiktis prarambh ki aur avishvasaniy roop se thode samay men hi ve apane peshe men uchch sthan hasil kar liya.[1] hindoo dharm shastron tatha vidhishastr aur snvidhani kanoon ke gauravagranthon ke gahare gyan ke sath-sath unake janch padatal karane vale maulik dimag ne unhen khud-b-khud kanooni vicharak bana diya aur unake metanas hindoo kanoon ke snskaran ko ek gaurav grnth mana gaya. kanoon ke alava, unake any shauk shiksha, samajik sudhar tatha rajaniti the. sar shnkaran nayar (jinhonne amarauti kangres ka adhyaksh pad snbhala) tatha shri si. vijayaraghavachariyar (jinhonne 1920 men nagapur kangres ka adhyaksh pad snbhala) the, jinhonne shuruati taur par unhen prabhavit kiya. vah gokhale (jinake nam par unhonne ek paritoshik ke liye dhan pradan kiya) tatha bad men gandhi ji ke prashnsak the.[1]

rajanaitik kariyar ki shuruat

lagabhag 1910 ke bad shrinivas ayngar ne bharat men vikasit hoti huee rajanitik sthiti ke bare men dilachaspi mahasoos ki, 1920 men hi unhonne edavoket janaral ke pad se tyagapatr dene ke bad rajaniti men chhalang lagayi. 1920 men tripoli men unhonne madras prantiy sabha ka adhyaksh pad snbhala, behatarin tarike se chalati huee vakalat ko chhod diya. vaidhanik samiti (jisake liye rajistard snatak ke roop men vah vapas laut kar gaye) ki sadasyata se tyag patr diya, sarakar ko si0aee0ee0 lauta diya aur kangres ke kamon men pramukhata se bhag liya. unhonne ahamadabad (1921) se lahaur (1929) ke kangres ke adhiveshanon men sakriy taur par hissa liya, aur lagabhag 10 varshon tak madras men kangres ki lajavab aguaee ki. kangres ke sabha-pravesh par phaisala lene ke bad unhonne 1925 men parti ka madras men vijay prapt karane ke liye margadarshan kiya, aur madras se kendriy sabha ke liye chune gaye, aur us samay ke dauran jab motilal neharoo bharat men nahin the, unhonne neta ke roop men kary kiya.[1]

vyaktigat jivan

madras men apani vyapak shaikshik yatraon ke jariye, door-door ke ganvon tak vah rashtravad ka sndesh le gaye aur yah unaka nam hi tha ki unhonne madras prant ko kangres-may bana diya. unaki mahanh bauddhik khyati, unake vyaktigat jivan ki anokhi pavitrata tatha bharat ki svatntrata ke mamale men unaki shaktishali vakalat ne poore bharat men asnkhy prashnsakon ka dil jit liya. virudhunagar ke yuva kamaraj shrinivas ayngar ki kee khojon men se ek the aur unake pakke samarthakon men satyamoorti, muthurnga mudaliyar tatha subhashachandr bos the. shrinivas ayngar ‘‘jude hue netritv’’ men vishvas rakhate the, jisake liye vah manate the ki asali neta ko rajanitik sngathan men tatha ganv se lekar shaharon tak sabhi star, har dhanche ke sath arthapoorn sampark ko banaye rakhana chahiye. hal ke dashakon men, unake adarshon ko uchch saphalata ke liye prayog men laya gaya hai.[1]

rajanaitik saphar

es. shrinivas ayngar ne (disambar 1926) ke dauran bharatiy rashtriy kangres ke guvahati adhiveshan men adhyaksh pad snbhala aur adhyaksh pad par seva avadhi ke dauran hindoo tatha musalamanon ke sampradayon ke netaon ke punarmilan ke liye kafi kuchh kiya aur madras kangres (disambar 1927) men unake prayason ko saphalata mili, jahan par hindoo musalamanon ki ekata ke prastav ko poorn samarthan se parit kar diya gaya. isi samay ke dauran unhonne bhavishy ki bharat ki sarakar ki snghatmak niti ka khulasa karate hue, ‘‘svaraj kanstityooshan’’ ka prakashan kiya. jab 1928 men svatntr upanivesh vale darje ko rekhankit karane vale bharat ke snvidhan par sarvadaliy riport (jise neharu riport ke nam se jana jata tha) ka prakashan hua to shrinivas ayngar ne svayn ko adhyaksh tatha javahar lal neharu aur subhash chandr bos ko sachiv ke roop men niyukt kar svatntr lig ko sngathit kiya.[1]

motilal neharoo aur shrinivas ayngar

motilal neharu tatha shrinivas ayngar ke bich ‘‘svatntr upanivesh darje’’ tatha ‘‘svatntrata’’ ke mamale men 1929 ke dauran matabhed kafi badh gaye aur halanki disambar 1929 men lahaur kangres men svatntrata ke paksh men antim nirnay le liya gaya, shrinivas ayngar ne 1930 ke prarambh men sakriy sarvajanik jivan se sevanivritt hone ka svayn hi phaisala le liya.[1]

mrityu

phir bhi, 1939 men ek sngathan karyakarta ki apeksha joshile rajanitik vicharak ke roop men thode samay ke liye rajanitik jivan men laute. 19 mee ko madras men apane ghar par unaki akasmat mrityu ho gayi. nisndeh shrinivas bahut buddhiman, bahut gatishil tatha yuddh ke dauran dakshin bharat ke netaon men sabase jyada bahumukhi the.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 es. shrinivas ayngar (hindi) indian National Congress. abhigaman tithi: 3 joon, 2017.

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