यूनानी चिकित्सा पद्धति  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

yoonani chikitsa paddhati svasthy ke snvardhan aur rog ke nivaran se snbndhit susthapit gyan aur abhyas par adharit chikitsa vigyan hai. yah bahut samriddh aur samay par khari utari kuprabhav rahit upachar ki paddhati hai.

itihas

yadyapi yoonani paddhati ka udgam yoonan men hua aisa mana jata hai, tatha yah paddhati bharat men madhyakal me laee gee thi kintu, isaki vyapak svikaryata aur logon dvara isake nirntar prayog ke karan kalantar men bharat ke lie svadeshi paddhati ho gee hai evn poore desh ke logo men isaki badi mang hai. yah paddhati misr, arab, eeran, chin, siriya aur bharat ki prachin sanskritik parnparaon, in rashtron ke yuktiyukt vicharon aur anubhavon ke vilay se vikasit huee hai. isaka mool eesa poorv chauthi aur panchavi shatabdi men yoonan ke hippokehratash‌ (377-460 eesa poorv) aur gelens ki shi‍kshaon men hai.[1]

chikitsa paddhati

yoonani chikitsa paddhati prakritik roop se utpann mukhyatah vanaushadhiyon ke prayog par jor deti hai, halanki pashu, samudriy, khanij mool ke snghatakon ka upayog bhi kiya jata hai. svargiy hakim ajamal khan ne yoonani chikitsa paddhati ko bharat men snsthapit kiya hai aur yoonani tibb ko samajhane men vigyan ke sath ekikaran aur upachar men isake prayog ka samarthan kiya tha. unhonne (asarol) ravolphiya sarpentain ki khoj ki jisane uchch rakt dab ke upachar men apani prabhavakarita sthapit ki. yoonani chikitsa paddhati anusndhan prekshan evn anubhavon ka prayog karate hue nishchit vidhi ka anusaran kar suvyavasthit tarike se chikitsa pradan karati hai aur rogon ka nidan karati hai. yah chikitsa padvati shekh bu-ali sina (avi-sena, 980-1037ee.) ki al-kanoon jo chikisa baibal hai aur raji (850-923ee.) ke al havi men pralekhit hai. upachar ki char paddhatiyan haiah-

  1. aushadhi paddhati
  2. ahar paddhati
  3. rejimental paddhati
  4. shaly chikitsa

rejimental therepi yoonani chikitsa paddhati ki visheshata hai. ise ilaj-bid tadabir kaha jata hai. kuchh vishi‍sht aur jatil rogon ke lie isaki 12 upachar vidhiyan hai. kaping, jalauka, shi‍ra shalyakriya, svedan aur snan jaisi vidhiyan aushadhi rahit upachar hai aur madhumeh, uchch raktachap, motapa, gathiya aur maigren adi ke upachar men prabhavi hai.[1]

upachar ke ang

upachar ke tin ang hai. nivarak, snvardhanatmak evn upacharatmak. yoonani chikitsa paddhati sndhivat, piliya, phaileriyasis, egjima, sainusaitis aur shvasani dama men adhik prabhavakari hai. hriday rog ke upachar aur vyavastha men isaki kshamata par anusndhan kiya ja raha hai. yoonani paddhati rog ke nivaran aur svasthy ke utthan ke lie chhah avashh‍yakataon (asabab-e sitta-zarooriya) par jor deti hai. ye avashh‍yakataain haiah- svachchh hava, jal aur sntulit ahar, vyayam evn vishram, manasik kriyaen evn vishram, sona evn jagana, parityag aur dharan karana.[1]

adhunik yug men mahattvata

adhunik yug men bhi prachin yoonani chikitsa paddhati ka mahatv barakarar hai. yah vishv ki sabase purani upachar paddhatiyon men se ek hai, jisaki shuruat gris (yoonan) se huee. yoonani daauktar banane ke lie 12vin ke bad chhatr biyooemes (B.U.M.S.) yani baichalar aph yoonani medisin aind sarjari men edamishan le sakate hain. sadhe panch sal ke is kors men vahi chhatr dakhila pa sakate hain, jinaka anivary vishay ke rup men jiv vigyan aur urdoo raha hai. biyooemes ke bad chhatr em.di aur em.es. bhi kar sakate hain. lekin em.es. yani mastar aauph sarjan ki padhaee vartaman men aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay men hi hai.[2]

pravesh prakriya

biyooemes men dakhile ke lie chhatron ko pri yoonivarsiti test (piyooti) se gujarana padata hai, lekin uttar pradesh ke yoonani kaaulejon men knbaind pri medikal test (sipiemati) pariksha pas karane ke bad hi dakhila mil pata hai. barahavin men achchhe ank prapt chhatr hi is pariksha men baith sakate hain. sadhe panch sal ke is kors men ek sal intarnaship karaya jata hai.[2]

biyooemes karane vale pramukh snsthan

  1. jamiya hamadard, nee dilli
  2. ayurved yoonani tibbi kaaulej, karolabag, nee dilli
  3. gavarnament nijami tibbi kaaulej, charaminar, haidarabad, andhr pradesh
  4. gavarnament tibbi kaaulej, kadamakuan, patana
  5.  saphiya yoonani medikal kaaulej, darabhnga, bihar
  6.  ajamal khan tibbi kaaulej, aligadh, uttar pradesh
  7.  jamiya tibbiya devabnd, saharanapur, devabnd, uttar pradesh
  8. stet yoonani medikal kaaulej ilahabad, uttar pradesh
  9. tibbiya kaaulej aind haauspital, baitul aman, munbee
  10. takamil utib kalej aind haauspital, lakhanoo, uttar pradesh

bharat men yoonani chikitsa

yoonani chikitsa paddhati ka bharat men ek lnba aur shanadar rikard raha hai. yah bharat men arabon aur eeraniyon dvara gyarahavin shatabdi ke asapas pesh ki gayi thi. jahan tak yoonani chikitsa ka saval hai, aj bharat isaka upayog karane vale agrani deshon men se ek hai. yahan yoonani shaikshik, anusndhan aur svasthy dekhabhal snsthanon ki sabase badi snkhya hai. jaisa ki nam ingit karata hai, yoonani pranali ne yoonan men janm liya. hippokrets dvara yoonani pranali ki ninv rakhi gee thi. is pranali ke maujooda svaroop ka shrey arabon ko jata hai jinhonne n keval anuvad kar grik sahity ke adhikansh hisse balki apane svayn ke yogadan ke sath rojamarra ki dava ko samriddh banaya. is prakriya men unhonne bhautiki vigyan, rasayan vigyan, vanaspati vigyan, enataaumi, phijiyolaauji, paitholaauji, chikitsa aur sarjari ka vyapak istemal kiya.[3]

yoonani davaen

yoonani davaen un pahaluon ko apanakar samriddh huee jo misr, siriya, irak, pharas, bharat, chin aur any madhy poorv ke deshon men parnparik davaon ki samakalin pranaliyon men sabase achchhi thi. bharat men yoonani chikitsa paddhati arabon dvara pesh ki gayi thi aur jald hi isane mazaboot jaden jama li. dilli ke sultanon (shasakon) ne yoonani pranali ke vidvanon ko snrakshan pradan kiya aur yahan tak ki kuchh ko rajy karmachariyon aur darabari chikitsakon ke roop men namankit bhi kiya.[3]

british shasan ke dauran

bharat men british shasan ke dauran is pranali ko ek gnbhir jhataka laga. elopaithik pranali shuroo ki gayi aur usane apane pair jama lie. isane dava ki yoonani pranali ke shiksha, anusndhan aur abhyas ko dhima kar diya. yoonani pranali ke sath-sath chikitsa ki sabhi parnparik pranaliyon ko lagabhag do shatabdiyon tak lagabhag poori tarah upeksha ka samana karana pada. rajy dvara snrakshan vapas lene se am janata ko bahut adhik nukasan nahin hua kyonki usane is pranali men vishvas jataya aur isaka abhyas jari raha. british kal ke dauran mukhy roop se dilli men shariphi khanadan, lakhanoo men ajiji khanadan aur haidarabad ke nijam ke prayason ki vajah se yoonani chikitsa bach gayi.[3]

bharat ki azadi ke bad

azadi ke bad aushadhi ki bharatiy pranali ke sath-sath yoonani pranali ko rashtriy sarakar aur logon ke snrakshan ke tahat phir se badhava mila. bharat sarakar ne is pranali ke sarvangin vikas ke lie kee kadam uthae. sarakar ne isaki shiksha aur prashikshan ko viniyamit karane aur badhava dene ke lie qanoon parit kie. sarakar ne in davaon ke utpadan aur abhyas ke lie anusndhan snsthanon, parikshan prayogashalaon aur manakikrit niyamon ki sthapana ki. aj apane manyata prapt chikitsakon, aspatalon aur shaikshik evn anusndhan snsthanon ke sath dava ki yoonani pranali, rashtriy svasthy dekhabhal pradan karane ki pranali ka ek abhinn hissa hai.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 yoonani chikitsa sevaen (hindi) ayurved vibhag, rajasthan sarakar. abhigaman tithi: 28 disambar, 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 yoonani chikitsa (hindi) jagaran josh. abhigaman tithi: 28 disambar, 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 yoonani (hindi) INDG. abhigaman tithi: 28 disambar, 2012.

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