वड़ोदरा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

badodara / badauda

mahatma gandhi ji ki pratima

vadodara gujarat ka ek mahattvapoorn nagar hai. vadodara shahar, vadodara zile ka prashasanik mukhyalay, poorvi-madhy gujarat rajy, pashchim bharat, ahamadabad ke dakshin-poorv men vishvamitr nadi ke tat par sthit hai. vadodara ko badauda bhi kahate hain. isaka sabase purana ullekh 812 ee. ke adhikaradan ya rajapatr men hai, jisamen ise vadapadrak bataya gaya hai. yah ankottaka shahar se snbaddh basti thi. is kshetr ko jainiyon se chhinane vale dor rajapoot raja chndan ke nam par shayad ise chndanavati ke nam se bhi jana jata tha. samay-samay par is shahar ke ne namakaran hote rahe, jaise varavati, vatapatrak, badauda aur 1971 men vadodara.

itihas

vadodara ke itihas ko hindoo kal (1297 tak), dilli ki muslim saltanat ke adhin kal (1297 se lagabhag 1401), svatntr gujarat saltanat jisake dauran vartaman shahar ke kendr ki sthapana huee (lagabhag 1401 se lagabhag 1573), mugal samrajy ka kal (lagabhag 1573 -1734) aur maratha kal, jisake dauran yah shaktishali gayakavad parivar ki rajadhani bana (1734 -1947), men vibhakt kiya ja sakata hai. angrezon ne eest indiya knpani aur gayakavad shasakon ke snbndhon ko sucharu banae rakhane ke lie 1802 men is shahar men rezidensi ki sthapana ki, bad men yah gujarat tatha kathiyavad prayadvip ke sabhi rajyon ke sath angrezon ke snbndhon ke lie zimmedar raha.
lakshmi vilas pailes, vadodara
marathon ne 1706 ee. men badauda par akraman karake ise loota. damaji gayakavad (1732 -1768 ee.) ne badauda riyasat ki ninv rakhi aur badauda ko gayakavadon ki rajadhani banaya. damaji ne yahan anek bhavy imaraton ka nirman karavaya, jisase shahar ka akarshan badha.

shikshan snsthan

vadodara ka lnba itihas isake kee mahalon, dvaron, udyanon aur margon se parilakshit hota hai. yahan maharaja sayajirav yoonivarsiti aauf badauda (1949) tatha any shaikshanik v sanskritik snsthan hain, jinamen injiniyaring snkay, medikal kaaulej vadodara homiyopaithik medikal kaaulej, vadodara bayoinfaaurmetiks sentar, kala bhavan tatha kee sngrahalay shamil hain.

udyog

kirti mndir, vadodara

is shahar men utpadit hone vali vibhinn prakar ki vastuon men sooti vastr tatha hathakaragha vastr, rasayan, diyasalaee, mashinen aur farnichar shamil hain.

parivahan

vadodara ek rel aur marg jnkshan hai tatha yahan ek havaee adda bhi hai.

krishi

vadodara zila 7,788 varg kimi men phaila hua hai, jo narmada nadi (dakshin) se mahi nadi (uttar) tak vistrit hai. yah lagabhag poorv badauda riyasat (gayakavad rajy ke) ki rajadhani ke kshetr ya zile ke barabar hi hai. kapas, tnbakoo tatha ernd ki phaliyan yahan ki naqadi fasalen hain. sthaniy upayog aur niryat ke lie gehoon, dalahan, makka, chaval, tatha bagani fasalen ugaee jati hain.

paryatan

bag-bagichon, mahalon-mandiron adi ka shahar vadodara prachin kal men badoda ke nam se jana jata tha. ek samay marathon v gayakavad rajapooton ki rajadhani raha yah shahar aj ek audyogik kshetr ke roop men prasiddh hai. mahalon ke is shahar men khoobasoorat prachin haveliyan, mahal, bag-bagichen, mandir-masjid v vibhinn bazar dekhe ja sakate hai. vartaman men apane vishvavidyalay v phaeen arts phaiklati ke lie prasiddh vadodara men bachchon v badon donon ke akarshan ka kendr sayaji udyan shahar ka mukhy paryatan sthal hai.
vadodara sngrahalay
is udyan men chidiyaghar, sngrahalay v tayatron ke atirikt poore eshiya men apani kism ka pratham saradar vallabh bhaee plenitoriyam darshaniy hai. lakshmivilas pailes san 1890 ee. men shahi parivar ke lie maharaj snyaji rav tritiy ne banavaya tha. isi parisar men ek aur sngrahalay- phatehasinh rav sngrahalay san 1961 me ek niji trast dvara sthapit kiya gaya tha. isamen grik, rom v yoorop adi deshon ki moortikala ka adhyayan kiya ja sakata hai. ravi varma ke tailachitr is sngrahalay ka ek aur akarshan hai. shahar men hi antarrashtriy khyati prapt badauda sngrahalay v kala dirgha (pikchar gailari) snyaji rav tritiy dvara san 1887 men sthapit is sngrahalay men san 1914 men pikchar gailari banavaee gee lekin janata ke lie yah gailari 1921 men kholi gee. yahan rashtriy v antarrashtriy snskriti v sabhyataon ka bejod sngrah dekha ja sakata hai.

kalakritiyan

is shahar ka ek pramukh sthan badauda sngrahalay aur chitr dirgha hai, jisaki sthapana badauda ke maharaja gayakavad ne 1894 men utkrisht kalakritiyon ke pratinidhi sngrah ke roop men ki thi. isake bhavan ka nirman 1908 se 1914 ke bich hua aur aupacharik roop se 1921 men dirgha ka udghatan hua. is sngrahalay men yooropiy chitr, visheshakar jaaurj romane ke inglish roopachitr, sar joshua renaaulds tatha sar pitar leli ki shailiyon ki kritiyan aur bharatiy pustak chitr, moortishilp, lok kala, vaigyanik vastuen v manav jati ke varnan se snbndhit vastuen pradarshit ki gee hain. yahan italavi, spenish, dach aur phlemish kalakaron ki kritiyan bhi rakhi gee hain.

janasnkhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusar vadodara shahar ki janasnkhya 13,06,035 v zile ki kul janasnkhya 36,39,775 hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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