भरूच  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

narmada nadi, bharooch

bharooch gujarat rajy men sthit ek aitihasik nagar hai. bharooch prachin kal men bharukachchh ya bhrigukachchh ke nam se prasiddh tha. bharukachchh ek snskrit shabd hai, jisaka tatpary ooncha tat pradesh hai. bhadauch prakh maury kal ka ek mahattvapoorn bandaragah tha, isake bad ke kee sau varshon tak mahattv bana raha aur aj bhi hai. yoonani bhoogolavetta periplas aauph d irithriyan si ke lekhak taaulami ne bharukachchh ko bairigoja kaha hai. usake anusar samudr se 3 mil door par narmada nadi ke uttar ki or sthit bairigoja ek bada pur tha.

itihas

rudradaman ke giranar abhilekh (150 ee.) men bharukachchh ka varnan hai. jatak kathaon men bharukachchh ke samudr vyapariyon ki sahasik yatraon ka vishadh varnan hai. divyavadan ke anusar bharukachchh ghana basa hua ek sampann nagar tha. yah nagar samudri vyapar evn vanijy ka eesa poorv se hi mahattvapoorn kendr raha. taaulami ke anusar yah pashchimi bharat men vyapar ka sabase bada kendr tha. pashchaty deshon vale yahan se vilasita ke saman le jate the, jinamen gnga ke nichale bhagon ki bani sundar malamal bhi thi.

videshi yatri

yuvanachvang, jo satavin shatabdi men yahan aya tha, isaki paridhi 2,400 ya 2,500 li bataee. yahan ki bhoomi lavanayukt thi. samudri jal ko garam karake namak banaya jata tha aur logon ki jivika ka adhar samudr tha. usane likha hai ki yahan das bauddh vihar the, jinamen mahayan sthavir sampraday ke 300 bhikshu rahate the.

vyapar udyog

periplas men varnit hai ki bandaragah par raja ke ranivas ke lie sundar striyan videshon se layi jati thin. umman aur apologas se sona aur chandi bhadaunch laee jati thi. tin, tanba aur sisa bhi videshon se bhadaunch laya jata tha. shishe ke bartan videshon se bhadaunch hi lae jate the. isi grnth men yah ullekh hai ki bhrigukachchh ke pas ke samudr men jvar-bhate ke karan kee navikon ko bhari kathinaiyon ka samana karana padata tha. yahan chin aur sindh donon or se vyaparik jahaz ate the.

dharmik sthal

yahan par lagabhag das dev mandir the, jinamen vividh sampradayon ke matavalambi rahate the. madhyakal men bhi bhadaunch ek pramukh bandaragah tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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