दीनार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

1994 ka kuvaiti dinar

dinar svarn ka sikka, jo prachin samay men eshiya tatha yoorop men pramukhata se chalata tha. snskrit men dinar ka ullekh 'dinarah' ke roop men milata hai. kushan shasan kal ke sone ke sikke ka vajan 124 gren hota tha, jabaki gupt kal men is sikke ka vajan 144 gren tha. yah kushan ke sikkon par adharit tha. apane roman roop men dinar ka mooly qarib sadhe char gram svarn ke barabar tha. aj duniya ke tamam mulkon men dinar dhatu ki mudra ki bajay kagaz ke not ke roop men dati huee hai.

itihas

'dinar' shabd ko adhikatar bharatiy hindi men muslim hamalavaron ke sath aya hua shabd manate hain. 'dinar' ka matalab hota hai- 'ek svarn mudra' ya 'asharaphi'. moolatah yah shabd roman shabd se janma hai aur qarib tin sadi eesa poohrv svarn mudra ke taur par isaka roman ganatntr men prachalan shuroo hua. rom se hi 'dinariyas' arab kshetr me dinar ke roop men pahuncha. kisi zamane men yah mudra bharat men chalati thi, lekin muslim shasan men dinar ka chalan nahin raha.[1]

snskrit men ullekh

snskrit men dinar ka ullekh dinarah ke roop men milata hai. bharatiy snskriti men dinar kis had tak rachi-basi thi, isaka ullekh athavi sadi men likhe ge 'dashakumaracharit' men milata hai, jisamen dyootakrida[2] ke sndarbh men ullekh hai ki 16000 dinaron ki baji men dyoot adhyaksh ke nirnayanusar adhi rashi jitane vale ko aur baki adhi rashi dyoot adhyaksh v dyoot sabha ke karmachari apas men bant sakate hain.

rom ki 'dinariyas'

kanishk ka svarn dinar

rom men bharatiy masale aur malamal ki behad mang rahi thi. qarib pahali sadi eesa poorv se lekar chauthi-panchavin sadi tak roman samrajy se bharat ke karobari rishte rahe. bharat ke pashchimi samudr tat ke jariye ye karobar chalata rahata tha. bharatiy mal ke badale roman apani svarn mudra 'dinariyas' men bhugatan karate rahe. ye karobari rishte itane phale- phoole ki dinariyas 'dinar' ke roop men lnbe arse tak len-den ka jariya bani rahi. 98 ee. men kushan samrat kanishk ke jamane ka ek roman ullekh mahattvapoorn hai- "bharatavarsh har sal rom se sadhe panch karod ka sona khinch leta hai." jahir hai yah ankada roman svarn mudra dinariyas ke sndarbh men bataya gaya hai.[1]

rajakiy mudra

apane roman roop men dinar ka mooly qarib sadhe char gram svarn ke barabar tha. aj duniya ke tamam mulkon men dinar dhatu ki mudra ki bajay kagaz ke not ke roop men dati huee hai. bad ke salon men rom se aise hi karobari rishton ke chalate dinar eeran aur kuchh arab mulkon men bhi prachalit huee aur ab tak dati huee hai. yahi nahin arab mulkon samet dinar sarbiya, yugoslaviya, bosniya-harjegovina, aljiriya, yaman, tyoonishiya, sudan aur montenegro jaise deshon ki bhi rajakiy mudra hai.

mahattvapoorn tathy

ashcharyajanak tathy yah hai ki bharat se gayab hone ke bavajood hindi ke shabdakoshon men aj bhi dinar snskrit shabd ke roop men svarn mudra ke arth men virajaman hai, jabaki urdoo-farasi shabdakosh men yah farasi shabd ke taur par 'asharaphi' ban kar jama hai. lekin isake roman mool ka kahin bhi zikr tak nahin hai. hindi men isaka ek roop 'dinar' bhi hai.[1]

sabase mahngi dinar

yadi koee yah soche ki vishv ki sabase mahngi mudra british 'paund' hai to yah galataphahami hai. paund ek mahngi mudra to hai, lekin utani mahngi bhi nahin ki ise vishv ki sabase mahngi mudra ka khitab diya jae. darasal vishv ki sabase mahngi mudra ek chhote-se desh ki hai, jisake bare men adhik suna nahin jata. yah desh hai kuvait aur yahan ki mudra hai- dinar. yah duniya ki sabase mahngi mudra hai. kuvaiti dinar itani mahngi hai ki ek dinar 3.60 ameriki daaular ke barabar hota hai. yani ek kuvaiti dinar 176 rupe 73 paise ka hai. kuvaiti dinar shuroo se bahut mahngi mudra rahi hai, lekin isase is desh ko koee phark nahin padata, kyonki yah tel se bharapoor desh hai. yah kachche tel ke sabase bade utpadak deshon men shamil hai. ise tel ke eksaport se arabon daaular har sal milate hain, jo isaki chhoti-si abadi ke lie paryapt hai.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 dinar ka chalata tha sikka kabhi... (hindi) shabdon ka saphar. abhigaman tithi: 28 julaee, 2014.
  2. jooa
  3. dinar hai duniya ki sabase mahngi karensi (hindi) nyooj phlesh. abhigaman tithi: 28 julaee, 2014.

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