गोत्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gotr bharatiy jati vishesh ke bhitar ki vah vnsh parnpara, jisamen parasparik vivah snbndh varjit mana jata hai; kyonki manyatanusar isake sare sadasy ek hi mithakiy poorvaj ki sntan hote hain. hinduon men vaivahik snbndh sthapit karate samay 'gotr' ek mahattvapoorn tathy hota hai.[1]

sat brahman vnsh

'gotr' shabd[2] se us samasamayik vnsh parnpara ka bhi snket milata hai, jo ek snyukt parivar ke roop men rahati thi aur jinaki snpatti bhi sajha hoti thi. gotr mool roop se brahmanon ke un sat vnshon se snbndhit hota hai, jo apani utpatti sat rishiyon se manate hain. ye sat rishi nimnalikhit the-

  1. atri
  2. bharadvaj
  3. bhrigu
  4. gautam
  5. kashyap
  6. vashishth
  7. vishvamitr

athavan gotr

in gotron men ek athavan gotr bad men agasty rishi ke nam se joda gaya, kyonki dakshin bharat men vaidik hindoo dharm ke prasar men unaka bahut yogadan tha. bad ke yug men gotron ki snkhya badhati chali gee, kyonki apane brahman hone ka auchity svayn ke vaidik rishi ke vnshaj hone ka dava karate hue thaharana padata tha.

vaivahik sthiti

ek hi gotr ke sadasyon ke bich vivah nishedh ka uddeshy nihit doshon ko door rakhane ke alava yah bhi tha ki any prabhavashali gotron ke sath snbndh sthapit kar apana prabhav uttarottar badhaya jae. bad men gair brahman samudayon ne bhi unake hi jaise pratishtha prapt karane ke uddeshy se is pratha ko apana liya. moolat: kshatriyon ki bhi apani vnshavaliyan thin, jinamen se do pramukh thin- 'chndravnsh' tatha 'sooryavnsh', jinase kramash: snskrit mahakavyon 'mahabharat' aur 'ramayan' ke nayak snbaddh the. in vnsh parnparaon men 'bahirvivah' ki koee spasht tasvir prapt nahin hoti, kyonki vaivahik snbndh zyadatar kshetriy adharon par tay hote the. bad men kshatriyon aur vaishyon ne bhi gotr ki avadharana ko ek lokachar ke roop men apanaya aur isake lie unhonne apane nikat ke brahmanon ya apane guruon ke gotron ko bhi apana gotr bana liya. kintu yah nee pravritti kabhi prabhavi nahin ho paee.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 bharat gyanakosh, khand-2 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika praivet limited, nee dilli aur paaupyular prakashan, mumbee |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 111 |
  2. snskrit shabd, arthath maveshiyon ka bada

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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