उल्लाला छन्द  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ullala chhand hindi chhandashastr ka ek puratan chhand hai. isaki svatntr roop se kam hi rachana ki gee hai. viragatha kal men ullala tatha rola ko milakar chhappay ki rachana kiye jane se isaki prachinata pramanit hai.

granthon men ullekh

adhikanshatah chhappay men rola ke char charanon ke pashchath ullala ke do dal[1] rache jate hain. 'prakrit paingalam' tatha any grnthon men ullala ka ullekh chhappay ke antargat hi hai. jagannath prasad 'bhanu' rachit 'chhand prabhakar' tatha omaprakash 'onkar' dvara rachit 'chhand kshiradhi' ke anusar 'ullal' tatha 'ullala' do alag-alag chhand hain. narayan das likhit 'hindi chhandolakshan' men inhen ullala ke do roop kaha gaya hai.[2]

charan tatha matraen

ullala 13-13 matraon ke 2 sam charanon ka chhand hai. ullal 15-13 matraon ka visham charani chhand hai, jise hemachndrachary ne 'karpoor' nam se varnit kiya hai. daau. puttoolal shukl inhen ek chhand ke do bhed manate hain.

'bhanu' ke anusar-

ullala tera kala, dashnntar ik laghu bhala.
sevahu nit hari har charan, gun gan gavahu ho sharan..

arthath ullala men 13 matraen hoti hain. das matraon ke antar par (arthath 11 vin matra) ek laghu hona achchha hai.

doha ke char visham charanon se ullala chhand banata hai. yah 13-13 matraon ka samapad matrik chhand hai, jisake charanant men yati hai. sam charanant men sam tukantata avashyak hai. visham charan ke ant men aisa bndhan nahin hai. shesh niyam doha ke saman hain. isaka matra vibhajan 8+3+2 hai. ant men ek guru ya 2 laghu ka vidhan hai.

lakshan

ullala ke lakshan nimnalikhit hain-

  1. do padon men terah-terah matraon ke 4 charan
  2. sabhi charanon men gyarahavin matra laghu
  3. charan ke ant men yati (viram) arthath sam tatha visham charan ko ek shabd se n joda jae
  4. charanant men ek guru ya 2 laghu hon
  5. sam charanon (2, 4) ke ant men saman tuk ho
  6. samanyatah sam charanon ke ant men ek jaisi matra tatha visham charanon ke ant men ek-si matra ho.

udaharan

sam charan tukantata-

prem nem hit chaturee, je n bicharat neku man
sapanehun n vilambiyai, chhin tig hig anand ghan[3]

visham-sam charan tukantata-

urdhv brahm ke garbh men, snbhav ke sndarbh men
vritti charachar vyapati, kal-kshitij tak mapati[4]

doosare prakar ke ullala chhand ka udaharan, jisake pad 15-13 ki yati par hoti hai. yani visham charan men 15 matraen tatha sam charan men 13 matraen hoti hain. is prakar ke ullala men tukantata sam charanon par hi svikary hai-

kai shonit kalit kapal yah, kil kapalika kal ko
yah lalit lal kedhaun lasat, digbhamini ke bhal ko

ati amal jyoti narayani, kahi keshav budi jahi baru
bhrigunand snbharu kuthar main, kiyau saraan yukt sharu[5]

uparokt padon ko dhyan se dekha jay to pratyek visham charan ke prarambh men ek 'guru' ya do 'laghu' hain, jinake bad ka shabdik vinyas terah matraon ki tarah hi hai. usi anuroop path ka pravah bhi hai. is karan, visham charan men pahale do matraon ke bad svayn ek yati ban jati hai aur age ka path doha ke visham charan ki tarah hi hota chala jata hai. ullala chhand ka ek aur nam chndramani bhi hai.[6]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pad ya pnkti
  2. chhnd salila: ullala snjiv 'salil' (hindi) divy narmada. abhigaman tithi: 03 sitambar, 2014.
  3. ghanannd
  4. ’ikadiyan jebi se’ se
  5. keshavadas
  6. ullala chhand (hindi) dohe. abhigaman tithi: 03 sitambar, 2014.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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