भिन्नमाल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhinamal / bhilamal / shrimal
sunadha mata mndir, bhinnamal

aboo pahad se 50 mil uttar-pashchim men sthit hai. chini yatri yuvanachvang ne bhinnamal ko sambhavatah pilomolo nam se abhihit kiya hai aur is nagar ko gurjar desh ki rajadhani bataya hai. bhinnamal gurjaron ke samrajy ki pratham rajadhani thi. bhinnamal ke any nam shrimal aur bhilamal bhi prachalit hai. 12vin-13vin shati men rachit prabhavakacharit namak grnth men prabhachndr ne shrimal ko gurjar desh ka pramukh nagar kaha hai- asti-gurjaradeshoanyasajjarajanyadurjarah tatr shrimalamityasti purn mukhamiv kshiteah is grnth men yahan ke tatkalin raja shrivarman ka ullekh hai.

itihas

  • bhinamal rajasthan ke maravad anchal men jalaur ke zilantargat avasthit is gram ka jain tatha snskrit sahity men anek bar isaka ullekh hua hai.
  • nishithachoorni tatha shishupal vadh men is sthan ka vishesh ullekh hua hai.
  • prarambhik aitihasik yug ki snskrit ka pratinidhitv karane vale prachin sthalon men bhinamal ka apana ek alag mahattv hai.
  • is sthal par ar.si. agraval dvara 1953-1954 ee. men utkhanan karavaya gaya.
  • yahan par pakki eenton se nirmit madhyayugin bhavanon ke avashesh prapt hue hain, jo vishesh roop se ullekhaniy hain.
  • bhinamal se katipay guptakalin moortiyan bhi prapt huee hain.
  • yahan se roman aimphora (surapatr) bhi prapt hua hai, jo pratham shatabdi eesa ka hai.
  • is adhar par prachin bhinamal ka vishv ke any deshon ke sath vyaparik sambandhon ka gyan prapt hota hai.

rajadhani bhinnamal

itihas ke anusar 5vin sadi men gurjaron ne bhinamal ko apane samrajy ki rajadhani banaya tha.[1]bharuch ka samrajy bhi gurjaro ke adhin tha. chini yatri hven tsang apane lekhon men gurjaro ke samrajy ka ullekh karata hai tatha ise kiu-che-lo bolata hai.[2]yatri yuvanachvang ne likha hai ki gurjaro ne yahan samriddh rajy kiya tha.[3]ye gurjar svayn ko vishuddh kshatriy aur shriram ke pratihar lakshman ka vnshaj manate the. bhinnamal aur kannauj ke gurjar-pratihar raja bahut pratapi aur yashasvi hue hain. bhinnamal ke rajaon men vatsaraj (775-800 ee.) pahala pratapi raja tha. isane bngal tak apani vijay pataka phaharaee aur vahan ke palavnshiy raja dharmapal ko yuddh men parajit kiya. malava par bhi isaka shasan sthapit ho gaya tha. vatsaraj ko rashtrakoot naresh rajadhruv se parajit hona pada, atah usaka maharashtr-vijay ka svapn sakar n ho saka. vatsaraj ke putr nagabhatt dvitiy ne dharmapal ko munger ki ladaee men haraya aur usake dvara niyukt kannauj ke shasak chakrayudh se kannauj ko chhin liya. usake prabhutv ka vistar kathiyavad se bngal tak aur kannauj se andhr pradesh tak sthapit tha. usane sindh ke arabon ko bhi pashchimi bharat men agrasar hone se roka. kintu apane pita ki bhanti nagabhatt ko bhi rashtrakoot naresh se har manani padi. is samay rashtrakoot ka shasak govind tritiy tha. nagabhatt ke pautr mihirabhoj (836-890 ee.) ne uttar bharat men gurjar-pratiharon ke samapt hote hue prabhutv ko sambhala. isane apane vistrit rajy ka bhali-bhanti shasan prabandh karane ke lie, apani rajadhani bhinnamal se hatakar kannauj men sthapit ki. is prakar bhinnamal ko lagabhag 100 varshon tak pratapi gurjar-pratiharon ki rajadhani bane rahane ka saubhagy prapt hua. bhinnamal men inake shasanakal ke anek aitihasik avashesh sthit hain. anuman hai ki inaka samay 7vin shati ka uttarargh aur 8vin shati ka poorvardh tha.

mahakavi magh

snskrit ke vikhyat kavi magh ka yah karyakshetr raha hai. shishupal vadh ki kee prachin hastalipiyon men mahakavi magh ka bhinnamal ya bhinnamalav se sambandh is prakar bataya gaya hai-

iti shri bhinnamalavavastavyadattakasoonormahavaiyakaranasy maghasy krito shishupalavadhe mahakavye

magh ke pitamah suprabhadev shrimalanaresh varmalat ya varmal ke mahamaty the. aitihasik kinvadantiyon se bhi yahi soochit hota hai ki snskrit ke mahakavi magh bhinnamal ke hi nivasi the. bhinnamal ka roopantar bhilamal bhi prachalit hai.


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. The Gurjaras of Rajputana and Kanauj, Vincent A. Smith, The Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, (Jan., 1909), pp. 53-75
  2. Juzr or Jurz
  3. Campbell, James MacNabb; Reginald Edward Enthoven (1901) Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency. Govt. Central Press, 2.
  • aitihasik sthanavali se pej snkhya 667-668 | vijayendr kumar mathur | vaigyanik tatha takaniki shabdavali ayog | manav snsadhan vikas mntralay, bharat sarakar


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