बयाना  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mukhy dvar, bayana

bayana rajasthan rajy ke bharatapur zile men sthit ek mahattvapoorn sthan hai. is sthan ka prachin nam 'banapur' kaha jata hai. isake atirikt, isake any nam 'varanasi', 'shriprasth' ya 'shripur' bhi upalabdh hain. 'ookha mandir' se prapt 956 ee. ke ek abhilekh se gyat hota hai ki yahan ka raja us samay lakshman sen tha. bayana agara ke nikat sthit hone ke karan itihas men bahut prasiddh raha hai. yahan se guptakalin sikke bhi prapt hue hain, jo yah sabit karate hain ki yahan gupt shasakon ka shasan bhi raha tha. bayana apani behatarin qism ki nil ki paidavar ke lie prasiddh tha.

kinvadanti

ek kinvadanti ke anusar vanapur ka sambandh banasur tatha usaki kanya oosha se bataya jata hai. ookha mandir oosha ka hi smarak kaha jata hai. 956 ee. ke ek abhilekh men, jo ookha mandir se prapt hua tha, yahan ke raja lakshman sen ka ullekh hai. ek any abhilekh babar ke samay ka (934 hijari ya 1527 ee.), jisase is varsh men babar ka bayana par adhikar soochit hota hai. avashy hi babar ke hath men yah pradesh rana sngram sinh ke kanavaha ke yuddh (1527 ee.) men parajit hone par aya hoga. babar ke senapati mahamood ali ka mahal bhitaravadi men ab bhagnavastha men hai.

riyasat

mahamood ali ke pradhanamntri ajab sinh bhanvara the, jo jati ke brahman batae jate hain. inake nam se bayana men bhanvara gali prasiddh hai. is gali men ajab sinh ke banavae hue chauka mahal, gidoriya koop tatha anasagar babadi aj bhi vartaman men hain. bayana bahut samay tak jat riyasat bharatapur ki rizamat (zila) tha. hal hi men 1137 ee. (1194 vi. sn.) ka ek abhilekh pal nareshon ke samay ka magaraul namak gram se prapt hua hai, jo is prakar hai—

snvath 1194 agahan svasti shri thakur sahoo ram kil mahad gram bhangasaruvas hardakhe shri devahaj shri pal likhi miti 3'.

qila, bayana

pal naresh

yahan ke pal nareshon men vijayapal prasiddh hai. ek 'khyat' lekhak soochit karata hai ki, vartaman bayana ke sthan par 'karavali rajavnsh' ka pahala shasak vijayapal, jo mathura se yahan aya tha, ne vijayamndir nam se gadh banaya. is durg ka nam bad men bayana pad gaya. 'khyat' lekhak se yah janakari bhi milati hai ki, vijayapal ke sath mahamood gazanavi ka sngharsh hua tha. isi vnsh ka ek any pratibhashali shasak tihinapal ya tavanapal tha, jisane as-pas ka kafi kshetr apane adhikar men kar liya tha aur 'paramabhattarak maharajadhiraj parameshvar' ki upadhi dharan ki thi. tihinapal ke tin putr the, jo pal bhaee nam se prasiddh hue. 1243 vikram snvat=1186 ee. ka ek any hindi abhilekh bhi yahan par mila hai. 1196 ee. men muhammad gori ka is qile par adhikar ho gaya.

darshanik vichar

ibnabatoota ne apane vrittant men jin bharatiy shaharon ka ullekh kiya hai, unamen bayana bhi shamil hai, jo usake mahattv ko darshata hai. jiyauddin barani apane grnth men alauddin khilaji evn bayana ke qazi mugisuddin ke bich lambi batachit ka varnan karata hai.
qile ki divaren, bayana
babar ke akraman ke samay afaganon ka is par adhikar tha. rana sanga aur babar men bayana ke nikat hi khanava ke maidan men sngharsh hua tha. bad men yah sherashah soori ke adhikar men chala gaya. yahan se babar ka abhilekh bhi mila hai. mugal kal aur bad men yah bharatapur ke jat rajaon ki ek riyasat ban gaya.

samarik mahattv

agara ke nikat hone ke karan bayana ka durg samarik mahattv rakhata tha. bayana madhyakal men nil ki kheti ke lie prasiddh tha. bayana men sarvashreshth kism ki nil ka utpadan hota tha, jabaki ghatiya kism ki nil ka utpadan doab, khurja evn koil (aligadh) men hota tha. sar jadunath sarakar likhate hain ki bayana ki nil bharat ke any kshetron ki nil se 50 pratishat adhik mooly par bikati thi. yahan se nil irak hote hue itali tak bheji jati thi.

puramahattv

bayana se 1821 ee.sone ke sikkon ka bhari dher prapt hua hai, jo guptakalin hain. isase gupt shasakon ki arthik samriddhi ka praman milata hai. inamen adhik sikke chandragupt dvitiy ke hain. in sikkon men kee naye prakar ke sikke hain, jo gupt shasakon ki vividhata pramanit karate hain. in sikkon se guptavnshiy kumaragupt dvitiy ke itihas par naya prakash padata hai. yah anuman lagaya jata hai ki lagabhag 540 ee. ke as-pas hoonon ke akraman ke samay is khazane ko zamin men gad diya gaya tha. yahan se skandagupt ka ek hi sikka mila hai.


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