नवरात्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(नवरात्रि se punarnirdeshit)
navaratr


navaratr
durga devi
any nam navaratri, nau devi
anuyayi hindoo, bharatiy
prarambh pauranik kal
tithi varsh men char navaratr chaitr, ashadh, ashvin aur magh mahine ki shukl pratipada se navami tak nau din ke hote hain, parntu prasiddhi men chaitr aur ashvin ke navaratr hi mukhy mane jate hain.
utsav navaratr men devi man ke vrat rakhe jate hain. sthan–sthan par devi man ki moortiyan banakar unaki vishesh pooja ki jati hai.
dharmik manyata manyata hai ki navaratr men mahashakti ki pooja kar shriram ne apani khoee huee shakti paee, isalie is samay adishakti ki aradhana par vishesh bal diya gaya hai.
snbndhit lekh shailaputri, brahmacharini, chndraghnta, kooshmanda, skandamata, katyayani, kalaratri, mahagauri aur siddhidatri
navaratr tithi (varsh 2018) vasanti navaratr ki tithi chaitr mah ki shukl paksh pratipada (18 march, 2018) se lekar ramanavami (25 march, 2018) tak hai.
any janakari navaratron men log apani adhyatmik aur manasik shaktiyon men vriddhi karane ke liye anek prakar ke upavas, snyam, niyam, bhajan, poojan yog sadhana adi karate hain. sabhi navaratron men mata ke sabhi 51 pithon par bhakt vishesh rup se mata ke darshanon ke liye ekatrit hote hain.
adyatan‎

navaratr hindoo dharm grnth evn puranon ke anusar mata bhagavati ki aradhana ka shreshth samay hota hai. bharat men navaratr ka parv, ek aisa parv hai jo hamari snskriti men mahilaon ke garimamay sthan ko darshata hai. varsh men char navaratr chaitr, ashadh, ashvin aur magh mahine ki shukl pratipada se navami tak nau din ke hote hain, parntu prasiddhi men chaitr aur ashvin ke navaratr hi mukhy mane jate hain. inamen bhi devibhakt ashvin ke navaratr adhik karate hain. inako yathakram vasanti aur sharadiy navaratr bhi kahate hain. inaka arambh kramash: chaitr aur ashvin shukl pratipada se hota hai. atah yah pratipada ’sammukhi’ shubh hoti hai.[1]

sharadiy navaratr

sharadiy navaratr ashvin shukl paksh ki pratiprada se shuroo hota hai. ashvin mas men ane vale navaratr ka adhik mahattv mana gaya hai. isi navaratr men jagah-jagah garabon ki dhoom rahati hai.

chaitr ya vasanti navaratr

chaitr ya vasanti navaratr ka prarambh chaitr mas shukl paksh ki pratiprada se hota hai. chaitr men ane vale navaratr men apane kul devi-devataon ki pooja ka vishesh pravadhan mana gaya hai. vaise donon hi navaratr manae jate hain. phir bhi is navaratr ko kul devi-devataon ke poojan ki drishti se vishesh manate hain. aj ke bhagamabhag ke yug men adhikansh log apane kul devi-devataon ko bhoolate ja rahe hain. kuchh log samayabhav ke karan bhi pooja-path men kam dhyan de pate hain. jabaki is or dhyan dekar ane vali anajan musibaton se bacha ja sakata hai. ye koee andhavishvas nahin balki shashvat saty hai.[2] inhen bhi dekhen: navadurga rakshamntr evn vikrami snvat

niyam aur manyataen

navaratr men devi man ke vrat rakhe jate hain. sthan–sthan par devi man ki moortiyan banakar unaki vishesh pooja ki jati hai. gharon men bhi anek sthanon par kalash sthapana kar durga saptashati path adi hote hain. narisemari men devi man ki jot ke lie shrriddhalu ate hain aur poore navaratr ke dinon men bhari mela rahata hai. sharadiy navaratr ashvin mas ke shukl paksh ki pratipada se navami tak yah vrat kie jate hain. bhagavati ke nau pramukh roop (avatar) hain tatha pratyek bar 9-9 din hi ye vishisht poojaen ki jati hain. is kal ko navaratr kaha jata hai. varsh men do bar bhagavati bhavani ki vishesh pooja ki jati hai. inamen ek navaratr to chaitr shukl pratipada se navami tak hote hain aur doosare shraddhapaksh ke doosare din ashvin shukl pratipada se ashvin shukl navami tak. ashvin mas ke in navaratron ko 'sharadiy navaratr' kaha jata hai kyonki is samay sharad ritu hoti hai. is vrat men nau din tak bhagavati durga ka poojan, durga saptashati ka path tatha ek samay bhojan ka vrat dharan kiya jata hai. pratipada ke din prat: snanadi karake snkalp karen tatha svayn ya pandit ke dvara mitti ki vedi banakar jau bone chahie. usi par ghat sthapana karen. phir ghat ke oopar kuladevi ki pratima sthapit kar usaka poojan karen tatha 'durga saptashati' ka path karaen. path-poojan ke samay akhand dip jalata rahana chahie. vaishnav log ram ki moorti sthapit kar ramayan ka path karate hain. durgaashtami tatha navami ko bhagavati durga devi ki poorn ahuti di jati hai. naivedy, chana, halava, khir adi se bhog lagakar kanya tatha chhote bachchon ko bhojan karana chahie. navaratr hi shakti pooja ka samay hai, isalie navaratr men in shaktiyon ki pooja karani chahie.

puranon men navaratr

manyata hai ki navaratr men mahashakti ki pooja kar shriram ne apani khoee huee shakti paee, isalie is samay adishakti ki aradhana par vishesh bal diya gaya hai. markandey puran ke anusar, durga saptashati men svayn bhagavati ne is samay shakti-pooja ko mahapooja bataya hai. kalash sthapana, devi durga ki stuti, sumadhur ghntiyon ki avaj, dhoop-battiyon ki sugndh – yah nau dinon tak chalane vale sadhana parv navaratr ka chitran hai. hamari snskriti men navaratr parv ki sadhana ka vishesh mahattv hai. navaratr men eesh-sadhana aur adhyatm ka adbhut sngam hota hai. ashvin mah ki navaratr men ramalila, ramayan, bhagavat path, akhnd kirtan jaise samoohik dharmik anushthan hote hain. yahi vajah hai ki navaratr ke dauran pratyek insan ek ne utsah aur umng se bhara dikhaee padata hai. vaise to eeshvar ka ashirvad ham par sada hi bana rahata hai, kintu kuchh vishesh avasaron par unake prem, kripa ka labh hamen adhik milata hai. pavan parv navaratr men devi durga ki kripa, srishti ki sabhi rachanaon par saman roop se barasati hai. isake parinamasvaroop hi manushyon ko lok mngal ke kriya-kalapon men atmik annd ki anubhooti hoti hai.[3]

navaratr ya navaratri

snskrit vyakaran ke anusar navaratri kahana trutipoorn hain. nau ratriyon ka samahar, samooh hone ke karan se dvandv samas hone ke karan yah shabd puling roop 'navaratr' men hi shuddh hai. prithvi dvara soory ki parikrama ke kal men ek sal ki char sndhiyan hain. unamen march v sitnbar mah men padane vali gol sndhiyon men sal ke do mukhy navaratr padate hain. is samay roganu akraman ki sarvadhik snbhavana hoti hai. ritu sndhiyon men aksar sharirik bimariyan badhati hain, at: us samay svasth rahane ke lie, sharir ko shuddh rakhane ke lie aur tanaman ko nirmal aur poornat: svasth rakhane ke lie ki jane vali prakriya ka nam 'navaratr' hai.

nau din ya rat

amavasya ki rat se ashtami tak ya padava se navami ki dopahar tak vrat niyam chalane se nau rat yani 'navaratr' nam sarthak hai. yahan rat ginate hain, isalie navaratr yani nau raton ka samooh kaha jata hai. roopak ke dvara hamare sharir ko nau mukhy dvaron vala kaha gaya hai. isake bhitar nivas karane vali jivani shakti ka nam hi durga devi hai. in mukhy indriyon ke anushasan, svachchhta, taratamy sthapit karane ke pratik roop men, sharir tntr ko poore sal ke lie sucharoo roop se kriyashil rakhane ke lie nau dvaron ki shuddhi ka parv nau din manaya jata hai. inako vyaktigat roop se mahattv dene ke lie nau din nau durgaon ke lie kahe jate hain.

sharir ko sucharoo rakhane ke lie virechan, saphaee ya shuddhi pratidin to ham karate hi hain kintu ang-pratyngon ki poori tarah se bhitari saphaee karane ke lie har chh: mah ke antar se saphaee abhiyan chalaya jata hai. satvik ahar ke vrat ka palan karane se sharir ki shuddhi, saf suthare sharir men shuddh buddhi, uttam vicharon se hi uttam karm, karmon se sachcharitrata aur kramash: man shuddh hota hai. svachchh man mndir men hi to eeshvar ki shakti ka sthayi nivas hota hai.

nau deviyan / nav devi

shailaputri pratham brahmacharini dvitiyn chndraghnta tritiy kooshmanda chaturth skandamata pncham katyayani shashtam kalaratri saptam mahagauri ashtam siddhidatri navam

nau din yani hindi mah chaitr aur ashvin ke shukl paksh ki padava yani pahali tithi se nauvi tithi tak pratyek din ki ek devi matalab nau dvar vale durg ke bhitar rahane vali jivani shakti roopi durga ke nau roop hain-

  1. shailaputri
  2. brahmacharini
  3. chndraghnta
  4. kooshmanda
  5. skandamata
  6. katyayani
  7. kalaratri
  8. mahagauri
  9. siddhidatri

inaka nau jadi booti ya khas vrat ki chizon se bhi sambndh hai, jinhen navaratr ke vrat men prayog kiya jata hai-

durga mela, navaratr, varanasi
  1. kuttoo (shailann)
  2. doodh-dahi
  3. chaulaee (chndraghnta)
  4. petha (kooshmanda)
  5. shyamak chaval (skandamata)
  6. hari tarakari (katyayani)
  7. kali mirch v tulasi (kalaratri)
  8. saboodana (mahagauri)
  9. anvala (siddhidatri)

kramash: ye nau prakritik vrat khady padarth hain.

navaratr katha

any sambndhit lekh


pauranik kathanusar prachin kal men durgam namak rakshas ne kathor tapasya kar brahma ji ko prasann kar liya. unase varadan lene ke bad usane charon ved v puranon ko kabje men lekar kahin chhipa diya. jis karan poore snsar men vaidik karm bnd ho gaya. is vajah se charon or ghor akal pad gaya. ped-paudhe v nadi-nale sookhane lage. charon or hahakar mach gaya. jiv jntu marane lage. srishti ka vinash hone laga. srishti ko bachane ke lie devataon ne vrat rakhakar nau din tak man jagadnba ki aradhana ki aur mata se srishti ko bachane ki vinati ki. tab man bhagavati v asur durgam ke bich ghamasan yuddh hua. man bhagavati ne durgam ka vadh kar devataon ko nirbhay kar diya. tabhi se navadurga tatha nav vrat ka shubharnbh hua.[3]

dhyan mntr

vnde vanchchhitalabhayachndrardhakritashekharamh
vrisharoodhanshooladharanshailaputriyashasvinimh॥
poonendunibhangauri mooladhar sthitanpratham durga trinetra
pattanbaraparidhananratnakiritannanalnkarabhooshita॥
praphull vadananpallavadharankantakapolantung kuchamh
kamaniyanlavanyansmeramukhikshinamadhyannitnbanimh॥[3]

stotr mntr

pratham durga tvahibhavasagar taranimh
dhan aishvary dayini shailaputripranamabhyahamh॥
trilokajananintvnhiparamannd pradiyanamh
saubhagyarogyadayanishailaputripranamabhyahamh॥
charachareshvaritvnhimahamoh vinashin
bhukti, mukti dayani,shailaputripranamabhyahamh॥
charachareshvaritvnhimahamoh vinashin
bhukti, mukti dayini shailaputripranamabhyahamh॥[3]

kavach mntr

omakar:men shir: patumooladhar nivasini
hinkar,patulalatebijaroopamaheshvari॥
shrikar:patuvadanelajjaroopamaheshvari
hoonkar:patuhridayetarini shakti svaghrit॥
phatkar:patusarvagesarv siddhi phalaprada[3]

ashtami ya navami

yah kul parampara ke anusar tay kiya jata hai. bhavishyottar puran men aur devi bhavagat ke anusar, beton vale parivar men ya putr ki chahana vale parivar valon ko navami men vrat kholana chahie. vaise ashtami, navami aur dashahare ke char din bad ki chaudas, in tinon ki mahatta 'durgasaptashati' men kahi gee hai.

kanya poojan

ashtami aur navami donon hi din kanya poojan aur longada poojan kiya ja sakata hai. atah shraddhapoorvak kanya poojan karana chahiye.

  1. sarvapratham man jagadamba ke sabhi nau svaroopon ka smaran karate hue ghar men pravesh karate hi kanyaon ke panv dhoen.
  2. isake bad unhen uchit asan par baithakar unake hath men mauli bandhe aur mathe par bindi lagaen.
  3. unaki thali men halava-poori aur chane parose.
  4. ab apani pooja ki thali jisamen do poori aur halava-chane rakhe hue hain, ke charon or halava aur chana bhi rakhen. bich men ate se bane ek dipak ko shuddh ghi se jalaen.
  5. kanya poojan ke bad sabhi kanyaon ko apani thali men se yahi prasad khane ko den.
  6. ab kanyaon ko uchit upahar tatha kuchh rashi bhi bhent men den.
  7. jay mata di kahakar unake charan chhuen aur unake prasthan ke bad svayn prasad khane se pahale poore ghar men khetri ke pas rakhe kunbh ka jal sare ghar men barasaen.

navaratron ka mahattv

navaratron men log apani adhyatmik aur manasik shaktiyon men vriddhi karane ke liye anek prakar ke upavas, snyam, niyam, bhajan, poojan yog sadhana adi karate hain. sabhi navaratron men mata ke sabhi 51 pithon par bhakt vishesh rup se mata ke darshanon ke liye ekatrit hote hain. jinake liye vahan jana snbhav nahin hota hai, use apane nivas ke nikat hi mata ke mndir men darshan kar lete hain. navaratr shabd, nav ahoratron ka bodh karata hai. is samay shakti ke nav roopon ki upasana ki jati hai. ratri shabd siddhi ka pratik hai. upasana aur siddhiyon ke liye din se adhik ratriyon ko mahattv diya jata hai. hindoo ke adhikatar parv ratriyon men hi manaye jate hain. ratri men manaye jane vale parvon men dipavali, holika dahan, dashahara adi ate hain. shivaratri aur navaratre bhi inamen se kuchh ek hai. ratri samay men jin parvon ko manaya jata hai, un parvon men siddhi prapti ke kary vishesh rup se kiye jate hain. navaratron ke sath ratri jodane ka bhi yahi arth hai, ki mata shakti ke in nau dinon ki ratriyon ko manan v chintan ke liye prayog karana chahie.[4]

dharmik mahattv

chaitr aur ashvin mah ke navaratron ke alava bhi varsh men do bar gupt navaratre ate hain. pahala gupt navaratra ashadh shukl paksh v doosara gupt navaratra magh shukl paksh men ata hai. ashadh aur magh mas men ane vale in navaratron ko gupt vidhaon ki prapti ke liye prayog kiya jata hai. isake atirikt inhen sadhana siddhi ke liye bhi prayog kiya ja sakata hai. tanntrikon v tntr-mntr men ruchi rakhane vale vyaktiyon ke liye yah samay aur bhi adhik upayukt rahata hai. grihasth vyakti bhi in dinon men mata ki pooja aradhana kar apani antarik shaktiyon ko jagrat karate hain. in dinon men sadhakon ke sadhan ka phal vyarth nahin jata hai. man apane bhakton ko unaki sadhana ke anusar phal deti hai. in dinon men dan puny ka bhi bahut mahattv kaha gaya hai.[4] inhen bhi dekhen: navadurga rakshamntr evn vikrami snvat


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. chaitr ya vasanti navaratr (hindi) riti daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 22 march, 2012.
  2. chaitr navaratr men karen kuladevi ka poojan (hindi) veb duniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 22 march, 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 navaratr : mata bhagavati ki aradhana ka shreshth samay (hindi) jagaran jnkshan. abhigaman tithi: 22 march, 2012.
  4. 4.0 4.1 jane navaratron ka mahattv ? (hindi) navaratre. abhigaman tithi: 22 march, 2012.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah