होलिका दहन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

holika dahan
prahlad ko god men bithakar baithi holika
any nam 'holi poojan', 'holikotsav'
anuyayi hindoo, bharatiy
prarambh pauranik kal
tithi phalgun poornima
utsav ek mah poorv arthath magh poornima ko 'ernd' ya goolar vriksh ki tahani ko ganv ke bahar kisi sthan par gad diya jata hai aur us par lakadiyan, sookhe upale, khar-patavar adi charon se ekatr kiya jata hai aur phalgun poornima ki rat ya saynkal ise jalaya jata hai.
dharmik manyata prachalit manyata ke anusar yah tyohar hiranyakashipu ki bahan holika ke mare jane ki smriti men manaya jata hai.
snbndhit lekh holi, braj men holi, holika, holashtak, latthamar holi, phalen ki holi, daooji ka hurnga
any janakari is parv ko 'navanneshti ygyparv' bhi kaha jata hai, kyonki khet se aye navin ann ko is din ygy men havan karake prasad lene ki parampara bhi hai. us ann ko 'hola' kahate hai. isi se isaka nam 'holikotsav' pada.

holika dahan poorn chndrama[1] ke din hi hota hai. is din saynkal ko holi jalaee jati hai. ek mah poorv arthath magh poornima ko 'ernd' ya goolar vriksh ki tahani ko ganv ke bahar kisi sthan par gad diya jata hai, aur us par lakadiyan, sookhe upale, khar-patavar adi charon se ekatr kiya jata hai aur phalgun poornima ki rat ya saynkal ise jalaya jata hai. parnpara ke anusar sabhi log alav ke charon or ekatrit hote hain. isi alav ko holi kaha jata hai. holi ki agni men sookhi pattiyan, tahaniyan, v sookhi lakadiyan dali jati hain, tatha log isi agni ke charon or nrity v sngit ka anand lete hain. basntagaman ke lokapriy git bhakt prahalad ki raksha ki smriti men gaye jate hain tatha usaki kroor bua holika ki bhi yad dilate hain.

dharmik vishvas

kee samudayon men holi men jau ki baliyan bhoonakar khane ki parnpara hai. aisa vishvas kiya jata hai ki agami fasal kaisi hogi, isaka anuman holi ki shikhaen kis or ud rahi hain tatha bhune hue jau ke danon ke rng v svad se lagaya ja sakata hai. holi ke alav ki rakh men kuchh aushadhi gun bhi pae jate hain, aisi logon ki dharana hai. log holi ke alav angaron ko ghar le jate hain tatha usi se ghar men mahilaen holi par banaee huee gobar ki ghuraghuli jalati hain. kuchh kshetron men log holi ki ag ko sal bhar surakshit rakhate hain aur isase choolhe jalate hain.

itihas

prachalit manyata ke anusar yah tyohar hiranyakashipu ki bahan holika ke mare jane ki smriti men manaya jata hai. puranon men varnit hai ki hiranyakashipu ki bahan holika ko ek varadan prapt tha. is varadan ke prabhav se vah nity agnisnan karati thi aur jalati nahin thi. hiranyakashipu ne apane rajy men yah ghoshana kar rakhi thi ki samast praja use hi apana bhagavan mane aur usaki pooja kare. jabaki usaka putr prahlad bhagavan vishnu ka param bhakt tha. hiranyakashipu ne pahlad ko samapt karane ke kee prayatn kie, kintu pratyek bar bhagavan ki kripa se vah bach gaya. yah jan lene ke bad ki usaki bahan holika ko agni men n jal pane ka varadan prapt hai, usane bahan holika se prahlad ko god men lekar agnisnan karane ko kaha. usane samajha ki aisa karane se prahlad agni men jal jaega tatha holika bach jaegi. holika ne aisa hi kiya, kintu is bar bhi vishnu ki kripa prahlad par huee, jisase prahlad to bach gaya, lekin holika jalakar bhasm ho gee. holika ko yah smaran hi nahin raha ki agni snan vah akele hi kar sakati hai. tabhi se is tyohar ke manane ki pratha chal padi.

holika

hemadri[2] ne bhavishyottar[3] se uddharan dekar ek katha di hai. yudhishthir ne krishn se poochha ki phalgun-poornima ko pratyek ganv evn nagar men ek utsav kyon hota hai, pratyek ghar men bachche kyon kridamay ho jate hain aur holaka kyon jalate hain, usamen kis devata ki pooja hoti hai, kisane is utsav ka prachar kiya, isamen kya hota hai aur yah 'adada' kyon kahi jati hai. krishn ne yudhishthir se raja raghu ke vishay men ek kinvadanti kahi. raja raghu ke pas log yah kahane ke lie gaye ki 'dhondha' namak ek rakshasi hai jise shiv ne varadan diya hai ki use dev, manav adi nahin mar sakate hain aur n vah astr shastr ya jada ya garmi ya varsha se mar sakati hai, kintu shiv ne itana kah diya hai ki vah kridayukt bachchon se bhay kha sakati hai. purohit ne yah bhi bataya ki phalgun ki poornima ko jade ki ritu samapt hoti hai aur grishm ritu ka agaman hota hai, tab log hnsen evn anand manayen, bachche lakadi ke tukade lekar bahar prasannatapoorvak nikal paden, lakadiyan evn ghas ekatr karen, rakshoghn mantron ke sath usamen ag lagayen, taliyan bajayen, agni ki tin bar pradakshina karen, hnsen aur prachalit bhasha men bhadde evn ashlil gane gayen, isi shoragul evn attahas se tatha hom se vah rakshasi maregi.

holika dahan, mathura

jab raja ne yah sab kiya to rakshasi mar gayi aur vah din 'adada' ya 'holika' kaha gaya. age aya hai ki doosare din chaitr ki pratipada par logon ko holikabhasm ko pranam karana chahie, mantrochcharan karana chahie, ghar ke prangan men vargakar sthal ke madhy men kam-pooja karani chahie. kam-pratima par sundar nari dvara chandan-lep lagana chahie aur pooja karane vale ko chandan-lep se mishrit amr-baur khana chahie. isake uparant yathashakti brahmanon, bhaton adi ko dan dena chahie aur 'kam devata mujh par prasann hon' aisa kahana chahie. isake age puran men aya hai- 'jab shukl paksh ki 15vin tithi par patajhad samapt ho jata hai aur vasant ritu ka prat: agaman hota hai to jo vyakti chandan-lep ke sath amr-mnjari khata hai, vah anand se rahata hai.'

dahan vidhi

'holika poojan' ke samay sabhi ko ek lota jal, kumakum, chaval, gndh, pushp, kachcha soot, gud, sabut haldi, moong, batashe, gulal aur nariyal adi se poojan karana chahie. sooryast ke bad pradosh kal men holika men agni prajjvalit kar di jati hai. agni prajjvalit hote hi dnde ko bahar nikal liya jata hai. holika ke charon or kachche soot ko sat ya tin parikrama karate hue lapeta jata hai. tatpashchath lote ka shuddh jal v any poojan ki sabhi vastuon ko ek-ek karake holika ko samarpit kiya jata hai. kumakum, chaval v pushp ka pooja men upayog kiya jata hai. sugndhit‍ phoolon ka prayog kar pnchopachar vidhi se holika ka poojan karake poojan ke bad jal se ardhy diya jata hai.[4]

holika poojan ke samay nimnalikhit mntr ka uchcharan shuddhata se karana chahie-

'ahakoota bhayatrastaiah krita tvn holi balishaiah atasvan poojayishyami bhooti-bhooti pradayinimh‌. mntr ka uchcharan karana chahie.

ahooti

holika dahan hone ke bad holika men vastuon ki ahuti di jati hai, unamen pramukh taur par kachche am, nariyal, sat prakar ke dhany yani gehoon, udad, moong, chana, jau, chaval aur masoor adi sat dhanyon se holika poojan kiya jata hai. is poojan ke samay dhyan men rakhane yogy bat yah hai ki apaka munh poorv ya uttar disha ki or rakhakar hi pooja men uparokt samagri ka prayog karen. sath hi holi ke samay ane vali nee fasalon ke dhany ko khasakar holi men arpit karake poojan kiya jata hai aur holika man se achchhe dhan-dhany aur achchhe jivan ki mang ki jati hai.

vishesh tathy

  • holika dahan ke muhoort ke samay jal, mauli, phool, gulal tatha gud adi se holika ka poojan karane ke bad gobar se banaee gee dhal v khilaunon ki char malaen, jinamen pahali pitri, doosari shitala man, tisari ram bhakt hanuman tatha chauthi apane ghar-parivar ke nam ki lakar alag se ghar men surakshit rakh li jati hai.
  • sarvajanik holi se agni lakar ghar men banaee gee holi men agni prajjvalit ki jati hai. ant men sabhi purush kumakum ka tika lagate hai aur mahilaen holi ke git gati hain. is din ghar ke bujurgon ke charan chhookar mngalamay jivan ka ashirvad liya jata hai. pauranik manyata ke anusar holi ki bachi huee agni aur rakh ko agale din subah ghar men lane se ghar ka aur parivar ke sabhi sadasyon ka ashubh shaktiyon se bachav hota hai.[4]
phalen ki holi men jalati huee agni se nnge badan aur nnge panv nikalata panda

phalen ki holi

'phalen ki holi' mathura, uttar pradesh ke ek gram phalen men manaee jati hai. phalen gram ki yah anoothi holi vishv prasiddh hai. isamen holika dahan ke samay ek purohit, jise panda kaha jata hai, nnge panv jalati huee agni ke bich se nikalata hua ek kund men kood jata hai. ashchary ka vishay yah hai ki us par jalati huee agni ka koee prabhav nahin padata. yah jalati huee agni se prahlad ke anahat, akshat roop se nikalane ka pratik hai. phalen gram men yah parnpara kee varshon se chali a rahi hai. phalen mahotsav men hone vale is anoothe aur sahasik krity ko dekhane ke liye bhari snkhya men deshi hi nahin, apitu videshi paryatak bhi holi se poorv yahan jama hone lagate hain aur holi ke is anokhe utsav ka anand lete hain.

holikotsav

is parv ko 'navanneshti ygyparv' bhi kaha jata hai, kyonki khet se aye navin ann ko is din ygy men havan karake prasad lene ki parampara bhi hai. us ann ko hola kahate hai. isi se isaka nam 'holikotsav' pada. holi ka samay apane ap men anootha hi hai. faravari- march men jab holi manaee jati hai, tab sab or chintamukt vatavaran hota hai- kisan fasal katane ke bad ashvast hota hai. pashuchara to sngrihit kiya ja chuka hota hai. shit ritu apane samapan par hoti hai. din n to bahut garm, n hi raten bahut thndi hoti hain. holi phalgun mas men poorn chndrama ke din manaee jati hai. yadyapi yah uttar bharat men ek saptah v manipur men chhah din tak manaee jati hai. holi varsh ka antim tatha janasamany ka sabase bada tyohar hai. sabhi log apasi bhedabhav ko bhulakar ise harsh v ullas ke sath manate hain. holi parasparik saumanasy ekata aur samanata ko bal deti hai. vibhinn deshon men isake alag-alag nam aur roop hain. holika ki agni men purana varsh 'jo holi' ke roop men jal jata hai aur naya varsh nayi ashaen, akankshaen lekar prakat hota hai. manav jivan men nee oorja, nee sphoorti ka vikas hota hai. yah 'hinduon ka navavarshotsav' hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. phalgun poornima
  2. vrat, bhag 2, pri0 174-190
  3. bhavishyottar, 132.1.51
  4. 4.0 4.1 kaise karen holika dahan (hindi) vebaduniya. abhigaman tithi: 03 march, 2015.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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