कालिदास का छन्द विधान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kalidas ka chhand vidhan
Poet-Kalidasa.jpg
poora nam mahakavi kalidas
janm 150 varsh eesa poorv se 450 eesavi ke madhy
janm bhoomi uttar pradesh
pati/patni vidyottama
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr snskrit kavi
mukhy rachanaen natak- abhigyan shakuntalamh, vikramorvashiyamh aur malavikagnimitramh; mahakavy- raghuvnshamh aur kumarasnbhavamh, khandakavy- meghadootamh aur ritusnhar
bhasha snskrit
puraskar-upadhi mahakavi
snbndhit lekh kalidas ke kavy men prakriti chitran, kalidas ke charitr-chitran, kalidas ki alnkar-yojana, kalidas ki ras snyojana, kalidas ka saundary aur prem, kalidas lokachar aur lokatattv
any janakari kalidas shaklo-soorat se sundar the aur vikramadity ke darabar ke navaratnon men ek the. lekin kaha jata hai ki prarnbhik jivan men kalidas anapadh aur moorkh the.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi
kalidas ke sahity ki vishayavastu ke anuroop upayukt chhand ka chayan kalidas ke chhandovidhan men sarvatr milata hai. meghadoot ke sandarbh men mandakranta ki upadeyata par oopar charcha ki gayi hai. varnyavastu ki sahaj abhivyakti ya kathanak ke pravah ki nirbharata ke liye upajati chhand ko kavi ne vishesh pasand kiya hai, aur isi drishti se kumarasambhav ke shashth tatha raghuvnsh mahakavy ke dasham, dvadash tatha panchadash sargon men anushtup ka prayog atynt samichin aur katha ki gatishil tatha kshiprata ka bodh karane vala hai. jab ki pratham sarg men anushtup ka prayog kavi ke atm-nivedan, vishay ke upakram tatha pranjal abhivyakti ki drishti se achchha ban pada hai.

visheshataen

  • meghadoot ko chhod shesh tinon kavyon men mahakavi ne sargant men chhand ke parivartan ka vidhan nibhaya hai, jisase usake chhndovidhan men vividhata aur ruchirata a gayi hai. malini chhand ke dvara sargant men vritt-parivartan kavi ko vishesh priy hai. vastut: malini chhand ki apani vishesh yati aur lay sargant men ghatanachakr ki sahasa vyavritti ya viparyas, kathanak men naya mod ya varnan ki rochakata ki abhivriddhi ki drishti se sarvatr bahut anukool pratit hoti hai. ritusnhar ke to sabhi sargon men malini chhand ke dvara ki kavi ne ant men vritt-parivartan kiya hai tatha pratyek sarg men[1]malini chhandon ki snkhya ek se adhik hai. pahale sarg ke ant men sat tatha panchaven ke ant men chh: maliniyan hain. chauthe sarg men char maliniyon ke dvara vritt-parivartan karake phir vasntatilaka aur phir ek malini ka prayog hai. kathanak men sahasa naya mod a jana ya ghatana ki akasmikata dikhane ke liye bhi malini chhand bada upayukt hai. is drishti se kumarasambhav ke tisare sarg men vasntatilaka ke pashchath malini vritt ka prayog bada akarshak hai. jis prakar meghadoot men mandakranta chhand ras aur bhav ke sarvatha anukool hai, usi prakar kumarasambhav ke chaturth sarg men rativilap ke prasng men ardhasamavaitaliy tatha raghuvnsh mahakavy ke ashtam sarg men bhi vaitaliy chhand ne karuny aur virah-vyatha ke bodh ko tivrata di hai.
  • stragdhara tatha shardoolavikridit jaise lambe chhandon ka kavi ne kam prayog apane kavyon men kiya hai. upajati ke atirikt vnshasth[2], vasntatilaka[3], indravajra adi ka prayog bhi uttam hai.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. dvitiy tatha shashth sarg ko chhodakar
  2. ritusnhar pratham sarg
  3. ritusnhar, shashthasarg

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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