कालिदास का समय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kalidas ka samay
Poet-Kalidasa.jpg
poora nam mahakavi kalidas
janm 150 varsh eesa poorv se 450 eesavi ke madhy
janm bhoomi uttar pradesh
pati/patni vidyottama
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr snskrit kavi
mukhy rachanaen natak- abhigyan shakuntalamh, vikramorvashiyamh aur malavikagnimitramh; mahakavy- raghuvnshamh aur kumarasnbhavamh, khandakavy- meghadootamh aur ritusnhar
bhasha snskrit
puraskar-upadhi mahakavi
snbndhit lekh kalidas ke kavy men prakriti chitran, kalidas ke charitr-chitran, kalidas ki alnkar-yojana, kalidas ka chhand vidhan, kalidas ki ras snyojana, kalidas ka saundary aur prem, kalidas lokachar aur lokatattv
any janakari kalidas shaklo-soorat se sundar the aur vikramadity ke darabar ke navaratnon men ek the. lekin kaha jata hai ki prarnbhik jivan men kalidas anapadh aur moorkh the.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi
kalidas vikramadity ki sabha ke navarat़hnon men se ek the. isaka adhar 'jyotirvidabharan' ka yah shlok hai -

dhanvantarikshapanakamarasinhashakurvetalabhattn ghatakharparakalidasa:.
khyato varahamihiro nripate: sabhayan rat़hnani vai vararuchirnav vikramasy॥

kalidas ke samay ke vishay men vidvanon ke alag alag mat hain, kintu kalidas ke samay ke vishay men ek tathy prakash men aya hai, jisaka shrey 'daau. ekant bihari' ko hai. unake prakashit lekh ke anusar -

prapt tathy

ujjayini se kuchh doori par bhairavagadh namak sthan se mili huee kshipra nadi ke pas do shilakhand mile hain, in par kalidas se sambandhit kuchh lekh ankit hain. in shilakhndon ka adhyayan karane se gyat hota hai ki 'kalidas avanti desh men utpann hue the aur unaka samay shung raja agnimitr se lekar vikramadity tak raha hoga.' is shilalekh se itana hi gyat hota hai ki yah shilalekh maharaj vikram ki agya se harisvami namak kisi adhikari ke adesh se khudavaya gaya tha.

shilalekhon par likhe hue shlok

shilalekhon par likhe hue shlokon ka bhav yah hai ki mahakavi kalidas avanti men utpann hue tatha vahan vidisha nam ki nagari men shung putr agnimitr dvara inaka samman kiya gaya tha. inhonne ritusnhar, meghadoot, malavikagnimitr, raghuvnsh, abhigyanashakuntalam, vikramorvashiy tatha kumarasambhav – in sat grnthon ki rachana ki thi. mahakavi ne apane jivan ka antim samay maharaj vikramark (vikramadity) ke ashray men vyatit kiya tha. krit snvat ke ant men tatha vikram snvat ke prarambh men kartik shukla ekadashi, ravivar ke din 95 varsh ki ayu men inaki mrityu huee. kalidas ka samay eesa poorv 56 varsh manana adhik uchit hoga.[1]

any janakari

isake atirikt kalidas ke sambandh men jo janakari prapt ki ja sakati hai, vah unaki rachanaon men jahan-tahan bikhare hue vibhinn varnanon se nishkarsh nikalakar prapt ki gee hai. yah janakari apoorn to hai hi, sath hi anishchit bhi hai. udaharan ke lie keval itana jan lene se ki kalidas pahali shatabdi eesvi - poorv se lekar eesa ke bad chauthi shatabdi tak ki avadhi men hue the aur ya to ve ujjainake rahane vale the ya kashmir ke ya himalay ke kisi parvaty pradesh ke, pathak ke man ko kuchh bhi sntosh nahin ho pata. is prakar ke nishkarsh nikalane ke lie vidvanon ne jo praman upasthit kie hain, ve bahut jagah vishvasotpadak nahin hai aur kee jagah to upahasaspad bhi ban ge hain. phir bhi un vidvanon ka shram vyarth gaya, nahin samajha ja sakata, jinhonne is prakar ke prayatn dvara kalidas ke sthan aur kal ka nirdharan karane ka prayas kiya hai. andhere men tatolane vale aur galat disha men badhane vale log bhi ek mahattvapoorn lakshy ko poorn karane men sahayak hote hain, kyonki ve charam agyan aur nishkriyata ki dasha se age badhane ka prayas karate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. saptahik hindustan, 18 aktoobar, 1964 (hindi).

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah