रघुवंश की प्रबन्धात्मकता तथा महावाक्यता  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

raghuvnsh ki prabandhatmakata tatha mahavakyata
'raghuvnsh mahakavy' ka avaran prishth
lekhak kalidas
mool shirshak 'raghuvnsh mahakavy'
desh bharat
vishay raghukul ka itihas
prakar mahakavy
vishesh is mahakavy men 'unnis sarg' hain, jinamen raghukul ke itihas ka varnan kiya gaya hai.
raghuvnsh men anek kathachakr hain tatha anek nayakon ke charitr hain. aisi sthiti men ise ek apane ap men samagr prabandh kaise mana ja sakata hai? tikakar 'arunagirinath' ne raghuvnsh ki poori snrachana ka vishleshan karate hue isaki prabandhatmakata tatha mahavakyata par vishad vichar kiya hai.
vir ras

arunagirinath ke anusar raghuvnsh ka angi ras vir hai. vir ras ka is mahakavy men pravah adynt akshunn roop men pravahaman hai. prasnganusar any rason ki nishpatti vibhinn sargon men hai, par vir ras ki sarvavyapakata ka lop nahin hua hai. sataven sarg men yuddhavarnan ke prasng men shrringar aur vibhats donon rason ka samavesh tatha vir ras ke vyavadhan se unake virodh ka parihar anandavardhan tatha mammat adi acharyon ke dvara bhi samikshit hai, aur arunagirinath ne bhi raghuvnsh ki, rasanirvah ki drishti se mimansa karate hue is prasng ki samiksha ki hai.[1] raghuvnsh ki antim pnkti - 'ragyi rajyn vidhivadashishadh bharturavyahatagya' - men adbhut ras se snvalit viraras ke udrek par bhi arunagirinath ne vistar se prakash dala hai.[2]

any ras

vir ras ki is pradhanata ke sath itar sabhi rason ki is ras ke pravah men unmajjan - nimajjan ki sthitiyan, poore prabandh ke charon purusharthon ki avagati tatha vidhi - nishedhavabodh ki drishti se is mahakavy ki ekavakyata ka vishleshan karate hue arunagiri kahate hain ki pahale hi pady men kavi ne uma - maheshvar ka upadan karate apane prabandh ki sarvarasashrayata tatha sarvapurusharthahetuta soochit kar di hai. dilip adi rajaon ke charit ke dvara dharm purusharth aur tatsnvalit vir ras, raghu adi ke charit ke dvara arth purusharth tatha unhin ke antyashram ke avalamban men moksh aur shant ras ki nishpatti kavi ne karayi hai.

ajavilapadi men karun ras, tatakavrittant adi men vibhats ras tatha agnivarn ke vrittant men shrringar ras tatha kam purusharth hai. shoorpanakha vrittant men hasy tatha sita ke dvara shoorpanakha darshan men bhayanak ras hai. isi prakar jamadagny varnan men raudr tatha maya sinh adi ke vritant men adbhut ras hai. par vibhinn rason par vibhinn vrittanton ka samavesh hone par bhi is mahakavy men prabandhatmakata tatha ekavakyata hai, kyonki vidhinishadhavagatihetuk mahakavy hona prabandh ka lakshan hai. raghuvnsh men ek vnsh ka hi adyant varnan hone se ekavastuvishayata hai tatha is ek arth ke varnan se vidhinishedhavagati men bhi ekata aur anviti yahan hai, isalie sampoorn mahakavy tatha ek prabandh mana jana chahiye, avantar vakyon ki drishti se isamen sandhi sndhyangon adi ka vishleshan kiya jana chahiye - yah arunagirinath ka mat hai.[3] raghuvnsh men panchon sandhiyon, sndhyangon tatha avasthaon aur arthaprakritiyon ke samyak niyojan se bhi prabandhatmakata ka pariposh hua hai. arunagirinath ke anusar pratham sarg men arambh avastha se anugat, vidhan namak ang ko chhod kar shesh gyarah angon se yukt mukhasandhi hai. dvitiy sarg men 'itthn vratn gharayat: prajarth' - is pady tak prayatn namak avastha se anugat pratimukh sandhi hai tatha is sarg ke shesh bhag men praptyasha aur garbhasandhi. sinh ka nandini par akraman pataka. tritiy sarg men dilip-vrittant ki nirvahan sandhi tatha raghu - vrittant ki mukhasandhi arambh ho jati hai. is prakar raghuvnsh men panchon sandhiyon, sndhyangon tatha avasthaon ki chakrakar gati tatha puravartan hote hue bhi vnsh varnan vishayak ek vrittant hone se ekavakyata bani rahati hai.[4]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. raghuvnsh, tripunithurasn., bhag-2, pri.23
  2. raghuvnsh, tripunithurasn., bhag-3, pri.467-68
  3. raghuvnsh, tripunithurasn., bhag-1, pri.4-5
  4. raghuvnsh, tripunithurasn., bhag-3, pri.467-68

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