माहिष्मती  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mahishmati
maheshvar ka qila
vivaran 'mahishmati' madhy pradesh ka prachin nagar tha, jisake abhigyan aj ke kharagaun zile men sthit dharmik shahar 'maheshvar' se kiya gaya hai.
rajy madhy pradesh
zila kharagaun
bhaugolik sthiti indaur se 91 kilomitar ki doori par sthit.
prasiddhi mndir, aitihasik imaraten
kya dekhen 'maheshvar qila', 'kaleshvar mndir', 'rajarajeshvar mndir', 'vitthaleshvar mndir', 'ahilyeshvar mndir', 'vanchoo paauint' tatha ghat adi.
kahan thaharen gest haus, rest haus tatha dharmashalaen
any janakari maheshvar qile ke andar ahilyabaee ka pooja sthal hai, jahan par anekon dhatu ke tatha patthar ke alag-alag akar ke shivaling, kee sare devi-devataon ki pratimaen aur ek sone ka bada-sa jhula hai, jo yahan ka mukhy akarshan hai.

mahishmati madhy pradesh ke kharagaun zile men sthit dharmik nagar 'maheshvar' ka prachin nam.

itihas

chedi janapad ki rajadhani 'mahishmati'[1], jo narmada ke tat par sthit thi, isaka abhigyan zila indaur, madhy pradesh men sthit 'maheshvar' namak sthan se kiya gaya hai, jo pashchim relave ke ajamer-khndava marg par badavaha steshan se 35 mil door hai. mahabharat ke samay yahan raja nil ka rajy tha, jise sahadev ne yuddh men parast kiya tha[2]-

'tato ratnanyupaday purin mahishmatin yayau. tatr nilen ragya s chakre yuddhn nararshabh:.'[3]

raja nil mahabharat ke yuddh men kauravon ki or se ladata hua mara gaya tha. bauddh sahity men mahishmati ko dakshin avnti janapad ka mukhy nagar bataya gaya hai. buddh kal men yah nagari samriddhishali thi tatha vyaparik kendr ke roop men vikhyat thi. tatpashchath ujjayini ki pratishtha badhane ke sath-sath is nagari ka gaurav kam hota gaya. phir bhi gupt kal men 5vin shati tak mahishmati ka barabar ullekh milata hai. kalidas ne 'raghuvnsh' men indumati ke svaynvar ke prasng men narmada tat par sthit mahishmati ka varnan kiya hai aur yahan ke raja ka nam 'pratip' bataya hai-

'asyankalakshmibhavadirghabaho mahishmativapranitnbakanchimh prasad-jalairjalaveni ramyan reva yadi prekshitumastikam:.'[4]

is ullekh men mahishmati nagari ke parakote ke niche kanchi ya mekhala ki bhati sushobhit narmada ka sundar varnan hai.

kalidas ka ullekh

mahishmati naresh ko kalidas ne anooparaj bhi kaha hai,[5] jisase gyat hota hai ki kalidas ke samay men mahishmati ka pradesh narmada nadi ke tat ke nikat hone ke karan anoop[6] kahalata tha. pauranik kathaon men mahishmati ko haihay vnshiy kartaviry arjun athava sahastrabahu ki rajadhani bataya gaya hai. kinvadnti hai ki isane apani sahastr bhujaon se narmada ka pravah rok diya tha.[2]

yuvanachvang ke anusar

chini yatri yuvanachvang, 640 ee. ke lagabhag is sthan par aya tha. usake lekh ke anusar us samay mahishmati men ek brahman raja rajy karata tha. anushruti hai ki shnkarachary se shastrarth karane vale mndan mishr tatha unaki patni bharati mahishmati ke hi nivasi the. kaha jata hai ki maheshvar ke nikat 'mndaleshvar' namak basti mndan mishr ke nam par hi vikhyat hai. mahishmati men mndan mishr ke samay snskrit vidya ka abhootapoorv kendr tha.

vastukala

maheshvar men indaur ki maharani ahilyabaee ne narmada ke uttari tat par anek ghat banavae the, jo aj bhi vartaman hain. yah dharmapranarani 1767 ke pashchath indaur chhodakar pray: isi pavitr sthal par rahane lagi thin. narmada ke tat par ahilyabaee tatha holkar vnsh ke nareshon ki kee chhatariyan bani hain. ye vastukala ki drishti se prachin hindoo mndiron ke sthapaty ki anukriti hain. bhootapoorv indaur riyasat ki ady rajadhani yahin thi. ek pauranik anushruti men kaha gaya hai ki mahishmati ka basane vala 'mahishmanas' namak chndravnshi naresh tha. sahastrabahu inhin ke vnsh men hua tha. maheshvari namak nadi jo mahishmati athava mahishman ke nam par prasiddh hai, maheshvar se kuchh hi door par narmada men milati hai. harivnsh puran[7] ki tika men nilaknth ne mahishmati ki sthiti vindhy aur riksh parvaton ke bich men vindhy ke uttar men aur riksh ke dakshin men bataee hai.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pali 'mahissati'
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 aitihasik sthanavali |lekhak: vijayendr kumar mathur |prakashak: rajasthan hindi grnth akadami, jayapur |prishth snkhya: 742 |
  3. mahabharat, sabhaparv 32,21
  4. raghuvnsh 6,43
  5. raghuvnsh 6,37
  6. jal ke nikat sthit
  7. harivnsh puran 7,19

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah