मोर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(मयूर se punarnirdeshit)
mor
mor ke vibhinn drishy
jagat enimeliya (Animalia)
sngh kaaurdeta (Chordata)
varg evis (Aves)
gan geliforms (Galliformes)
kul fesienidi (Phasianidae)
jati pavo (Pavo)
prajati kristetas (cristatus)
dvipad nam pavo kristetas (Pavo cristatus)
rng mukhyatah mor nile rng men paya jata hai, parntu yah safed, hara, v jamani rng ka bhi hota hai.
prajanan mada mor sal men do bar ande deti hai, jinaki snkhya 6 se 8 tak rahati hai. 25 se 30 dinon men bachche nikal ate hain.
any janakari mor ek sarvahari pakshi hai. isaki mukhy khurak ghas, patte, jvar, bajara, chana, gehoon v makee hai. isake atirikt yah baingan, tamatar, ghiya tatha pyaj jaisi sabjiyan bhi svad se khata hai.

mor ke adbhut saundary ke karan hi bharat sarakar ne 26 janavari, 1963 ko rashtriy pakshi ghoshit kiya. bharatiy janamanas ke man men basa aur asthaon se rachabasa pakshi mor, (paivo kristetas) bharat ka rashh‍triy pakshi hai. isaki do prajatiyan hain- nila ya bharatiy mor (paivo kristetas), jo bharat aur shrilnka (bhootapoorv silon) men paya jata hai. hara ya java ka mor (paivo myootikas), jo myanmar (bhootapoorv barma) se java tak paya jata hai. 1913 men ek pnkh milane se shuroo huee khoj ke bad 1936 men kango mor (afro paivo kaaunajenesis) ka pata chala.

mor ke any nam

  • phaisiyanidaee parivar ke sadasy mor ka vaigyanik nam paivo kristetas hai.
  • angrezi bhasha men ise blyoo piphaauul athava pikaauk kahate hain.
  • snskrit bhasha men yah mayoor ke nam se jana jata hai.
  • arabi bhasha men mor ko taoos kahate hain.
  • mor ko nagantak bhi kahate hain.

lakshan

bharat ka rashh‍triy pakshi rngin, hns ke akar ka pakshi, pnkhe ki akriti jaisi pnkhon ki kalagi, ankh ke niche safed rng aur lnbi patali gardan vala hota hai. isaki avaz ati priy hoti hai. is prajati ka nar mada se adhik rngon se bhara hota hai jisaka chamakila nila sina aur gardan hoti hai aur atyadhik manamohak kansh‍y gahare hare rng ke 200 lamh‍be pnkhon ka guchh‍chha hota hai. mor ke in pnkhon ki snkhya 150 ke lagabhag hoti hai. mada (morani) bhoore rng ki hoti hai, nar se thoda chhota aur isake pas rng bhare pnkhon ka guchh‍chha nahin hota hai.

mor

mukhyatah mor nile rng men paya jata hai, parntu yah safed, hare, v jamani rng ka bhi hota hai. mor ki umr 25 se 30 varsh tak hoti hai. nar mor ki lnbaee lagabhag 215 sentimitar tatha mada mor ki lnbaee lagabhag 50 sentimitar hi hoti hai. nar aur mada mor ki pahachan karana bahut asan hai. nar ke sir par badi kalagi tatha mada ke sir par chhoti kalagi hoti hai. nar mor ki chhoti-si poonchh par lnbe v sajavati pnkhon ka ek guchchha hota hai. mada pakshi ke ye sajavati pnkh nahin hote. varsha ritu men mor jab poori masti men nachata hai to usake kuchh pnkh toot jate hain. vaise bhi varsh men ek bar agast ke mahine men mor ke sabhi pnkh jhad jate hain. grishm-kal ke ane se pahale ye pnkh phir se nikal ate hain.

kango mor afrika men paya jane vala ekamatr phaisienid hai. inamen nar mukhyatah nile aur hare rng ka hota hai aur isaki poonchh chhoti aur gol hoti hai; mada lal ya hare rng ki hoti hai aur usake oopari hisse men bhoora rng hota hai. yah bahut ooncha tatha der tak nahin ud pata. parntu isaki drishti v soonghane ki shakti bahut tez hoti hai. apane inhin gunon ke karan yah apane mukhy dushmanon kutton tatha siyaron ki pakad men kam hi ata hai.

nila mor

safed mor

paivo ki dono prajatiyon men nar ka sharir 90-130 sentimitar ka aur chamakile dhatuee hare rng ke pnkhon ki lnbaee 150 sentimitar tak hoti hai. ye pnkh mukhyatah oopari poonchh ke hisson se bane hote hain, jo kafi lnbe hote hain. har pnkh ke chhor par ankh ke saman ek satarngi nishan hota hai, jis par nile aur tanbee rng ke chhalle bane hote hain. mada ko rijhane ke lie nar apane pnkhon ko oopar uthakar phaila leta hai aur unhen knpit karata hai, jisase chamakili jhalak aur sarasarahat ki avaz paida hoti hai. nile mor ke pnkhon ka rng adhikanshatah dhatuee nile-hare rng ka hota hai.

hara mor

hare mor ke pnkh nile mor ke saman hi hote hai aur isake sharir ke pnkhon ka rng hara aur tanbee hota hai. donon prajatiyon ki madaon ka rng hara aur bhoora hota hai aur akar lagabhag nar jitana hi hota hai, lekin inake lnbe pnkh aur qalagi nahin hoti. prakritik roop se donon prajatiyan khule nichale jngalon men din ke samay jhund men rahati hai aur rat men pedon ki oonchi shakhaon par vishram karati hai.

mor ka mahattv

bhagavan krishn ke mukut men laga mor ka pnkh is pakshi ke mahattv ko darshata hai. mahakavi kalidas ne mahakavy 'meghadoot' men mor ko rashtriy pakshi se bhi adhik ooncha sthan diya hai. raja-maharajaon ko bhi mor bahut pasnd raha hai. prasiddh samrat chndragupt maury ke rajy men jo sikke chalate the, unamen ek taraph mor bana hota tha. mugal badashah shahajahan jis takht par baithata tha, usaki shakl mor ki thi. do moron ke madhy badashah ki gaddi thi tatha pichhe pnkh phailae mor. hiron-pannon se jade is takht ka nam 'takht-e-taoos' rakha gaya. janamanas men anek kahavaten aur lokoktiyan mor ko lekar prachalit hain.

mor

pakshiyon ka raja

mor ek bahut hi sundar, akarshak tatha shan vala pakshi hai. barasat ke mausam men kali ghata chhane par jab yah pakshi pnkh phaila kar nachata hai to aisa lagata hai mano isane hiron-jadi shahi poshak pahani ho. isalie ise pakshiyon ka raja kaha jata hai. pakshiyon ka raja hone ke karan hi srishti ke rachayita ne isake sir par taj jaisi kalagi lagaee hai.

akarshan ka kendr

mor prarnbh se hi manushy ke akarshan ka kendr raha hai. anek dharmik kathaon men mor ko bahut ooncha darja diya gaya hai. hindoo dharm men mor ko mar kar khana mahapap samajha jata hai.

sajavati pakshi

sajavati pakshi ke roop men duniya ke kee chidiyagharon men mor ek pramukh pakshi hai aur yah purani duniya men lnbe samay se prakhyat raha hai. bndi avastha men hare moron ko any pakshiyon se alag rakhana padata hai, kyonki inaka svabhav akramak hota hai. nile mor halanki garm aur nam kshetr ke nivasi hain, lekin ye uttari kshetr ki thnd men bhi jivit rah sakate hain; hare mor zyada thnd nahin jhel sakate.

mor, rashh‍triy pakshi

mor ka nrity

varsha ritu men mor poori masti men nachata hai. barasat men kali ghata chhane par mor pnkh phaila kar nachata hai. mor ka dhyan ate hi kee logon ke panv thirakane lagate hain. kahate hain manushy ne nachana mor se hi sikha hai. nar ke darabari nach men pnkhon ko ghumana aur pnkhon ko snvarana ek sundar drishh‍y upasthit karata hai.

bhojan

mor ek sarvahari pakshi hai. mor ki mukhy khurak ghas, patte, jvar, bajara, chane, gehoon v makee hai. isake atirikt yah baingan, tamatar, ghiya tatha pyaj jaisi sabjiyan bhi svad se khata hai. anar, kela v amarud jaise phal bhi yah chav se khata hai. mor mukhy roop se kisanon ka mitr-pakshi hai. yah kheton men se kide-makode, choohe, chhipakaliyan, dimak v sanpon ko kha jata hai. kheton men khadi lal mirch ko khakar yah kisan ko thodi hani bhi pahunchata hai. mor moolatah vany pakshi hai, lekin bhojan ki talash ise kee bar manav-abadi tak le ati hai.

parivarik ikaee

prajanan kal men nar do se panch madaon ka haram banata hai, jinamen se pratyek zamin men bane gaddhe men char se ath safed rng ke ande deti hai. mada mor sal men do bar ande deti hai, jinaki snkhya 6 se 8 tak rahati hai. andon men se bachche 25 se 30 dinon men nikal ate hain. bachche tin-char sal men bade hote hain. mor ke bachche kam snkhya men hi bach pate hain. inamen se adhikansh ko kutte tatha siyar kha jate hain.

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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