एडम स्मिथ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

edam smith
edam smith
poora nam edam smith
janm 5 joon ya 16 joon, 1723
janm bhoomi skaautalaind, gret briten
mrityu 17 julaee, 1790
mrityu sthan gret briten
mukhy rachanaen 'd thyori aauf moral sentiments', 'd velth aauf neshans' adi.
vidyalay 'glasago vishvavidyalay', 'a॓ksaphord vishvavidyalay'
prasiddhi darshanik tatha arthashastri
nagarikata british
any janakari apane paitrik gram men rahate hue hi smith ne apani sarvadhik charchit pustak 'd velth aauf neshans' poori ki, jo rajaniti vigyan aur arthashastr par anoothi pustak hai.

edam smith (angrezi: Adam Smith ; janm- 5 joon ya 16 joon, 1723, skaautalaind, gret briten; mrityu- 17 julaee, 1790) ek prasiddh skaautish nitivetta, darshanik aur rajanaitik arthashastri the. unhen "arthashastr ka pitamah" bhi kaha jata hai.

janm

edam smith ke janm ki tithi sunishchit nahin hai. kuchh vidvanh usaka janm 5 joon, 1723 ko tatha kuchh usi varsh ki 16 joon ko manate hain. usaka janm skatalaind ke ek ganv kirkaldi men hua tha. edam ke pita kastam vibhag men incharj rah chuke the, kintu unaka nidhan smith ke janm se lagabhag chhah mahine pahale hi ho chuka tha. edam apane mata-pita ki snbhavatah akeli sntan tha.[1]

shiksha

pita ki mrityu ke pashchath smith ko usaki man ne 'glasago vishvavidyalay' men padhane bhej diya. us samay smith ki avastha keval chaudah varsh thi. prakhar buddhi hone ke karan usane skool star ki padhaee achchhe ankon ke sath poori ki, jisase usako chhatravritti milane lagi. isase age ke adhyayan ke lie 'a॓ksaphord vishvavidyalay' jane ka rasta khul gaya. vahan usane prachin yooropiy bhashaon ka gyan prapt kiya. us samay tak yah tay nahin ho paya tha ki bhasha vigyan ka vah vidyarthi age chalakar arthashastr ke kshetr men n keval nam kamaega, balki apani maulik sthapanaon ke dam par vaishvik arthavyavastha ke kshetr men yugaparivartanakari yogadan bhi dega.

khyati

san 1738 men smith ne suprasiddh vidvan-darshanik phransis hachisan ke netritv men naitik darshanashastr men snatak ki pariksha pas ki. vah phransis ki medha se atynt prabhavit tha tatha usako evn usake adhyapan men bitae ge dinon ko, avismaraniy manata tha. atynt medhavi hone ke karan smith ki pratibha kaaulej star se hi pahachani jane lagi thi. isalie adhyayan poora karane ke pashchath yuva smith jab vapas apane paitrik nagar skatalend pahuncha, tab tak vah anek mahattvapoorn lekchar de chuka tha, jisase usaki khyati phailane lagi thi.[1]

rachanaen

apane paitrik gram men rahate hue smith ne apani sarvadhik charchit pustak 'd velth aauf neshans' poori ki, jo rajaniti vigyan aur arthashastr par anoothi pustak hai. 1776 men pustak ke prakashan ke sath hi edam smith ki ganana apane samay ke moordhany vidvanon men hone lagi. is pustak par darshanashastr ka prabhav hai. jo log smith ke jivan se parichit nahin hain, unhen yah janakar aur bhi ashchary hoga ki smith ne is pustak ki rachana ek darshanashastr ka pradhyapak hone ke nate apane adhyapan kary ke snbndh men ki thi. isake atirikt edam smith apani rachana 'd thyori aauf moral sentiments' (1759) ke lie bhi jane jate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 edam smith: adhunik arthashastr ka nirmata (hindi) akharamala. abhigaman tithi: 16 march, 2015.

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