आयाम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ayam (daimenshan) yah shabd chitrakala aur shilpakala se ayat hua aur sahity samalochana men adhunik kal men prayukt hota hai. snskriti men is shabd ka arth tanvan,vistar, snyaman, pralnban hai. chitr aur shilp men mool angreji shabd 'daimenshan' ka arth 'simt' hota tha; jaise bhittichitr men gaharaee nahin hoti, kintu chhaya adi ke sath golaee ityadi ka abhas utpann kiya jata tha. prachin sahity men aur arnbhik upanyason men ekadam kale ya saphed durgunon ya sadgunon ki khan, 'taip' jaise patron ki pushti hoti thi. ab manovigyan ke navin shodhon ne aise taipon ki yatharthata par sndeh kiya hai. is karan navin upanyason men ab is prakar ki gaharaee patron men dekhi jati hai. koee bhi sahityik kalakriti kitane kal tak prabhavashali rahati hai, kitane desh deshantaron ko prabhavit karati hai, isake sath hi sath vah bar-bar padhi jane par bhi vaisa hi annd de sakati hai ya nahin, yah tisara parinam ya ayam ab sahity men parakha jane laga hai. lyukaiks ne 'stadiz in vestarn riyalizm' men 'darshanik dharmik ayam' kahakar chauthe mapadnd ki charcha ki hai. usi ke sahare sahity men udatt tatv ki, 'mahatmata' ki pratisthapana ho sakati hai.

shilpakala ke kshetr men yah mana jata hai ki bharatiy moortikala triayamatmak bahut kam hai. vah adhikatar ardhotkirn (mahabalipuram) ya tin chauthaee utkirn (kailas, elora) jaisi shilpakriti hai. adhunik shilpakala men pashchaty shilpakala ki yah triayamatmak paddhati svikar ki gee to arnbh men putalon, ardhaputalon, ashvaroodh pratimaon ke roop men. mhatre, phadake, karamakar adi ne kee aisi moortiyan banaeen. deviprasad rayachaudhuri ke 'shram ki mahatta', sanh‌ '42 men vidyarthiyon ke balidan ya ramakinkar baij ke 'snthal parivar' jaise shilp bhi aisi hi yatharth ghatanaon ya vastuon ki shilpanukritiyan hain. parntu unase age badhakar aroop bhavanaon ko shuddh akaron men roopayit karanevale ne shilpakar, jese shnkhon chaudhari, dhanaraj bhagat adi triayamatmak shilpakala ke aroop srishti ki or badh rahe hain. ise angreji men thrai daimenshanal aibsatraikt skalpchar kahate hain.

sinema srishti men bhi (triayamatmak chhayachitran (hologram) ka nirman hal men hua hai jisake dvara vastuon ki asali gaharaee dikhaee jati hai aur ek khas tarah ka chashma pahanakar dekhane se lagata hai ki parde se phenki huee chij apane oopar chali a rahi hai. yah vastut: ek digbhram hai jo chhayachitran se nirmit kiya jata hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 400-401 |

snbndhit lekh

shabd sndarbh kosh
kashtakar antararashtriy antarrashtriy kalpasiddhi gatha upakhyan akhyan shatabdi suee nyagrodh mahapran vynjan antahsth vynjan oshthy vynjan danty vynjan moordhany vynjan talavy vynjan kanthy vynjan avyay vats kumar kimpurush saty vah snvarttak (hal) sthavar jara mohanastr aishik shastr rat sanatan anant adbhut varah dand vimukh kukur vrishadhvaj (bahuvikalpi) yayavar satr kulapati charu shoorp yoothanath dvarapal kalabattoo dhatta kadavak klib bhring patohoo attagattar attagam achal pravritti abohan ant-ayamh barabar kshetr hirany haraniparynt halli hallikar halik haiman shasy shrani svaviryopajivin sunu soona sthan sthan many sthal sthal vritti strot chaturth pnchabhagikam gunapatr khettasamik kripyagrih kumaragadiyanak kulyavap karmantik sima ekapurushikam utpadyamanavishti avat asihar ali aghat adhavay adanak skndhavar sity siddh seva setubndh senabhakt sarvamany sarv-abhyantar-siddhi sannidhata sngrahat snkrant snkar kul snkar gram sadhy ayanangal attapatibhag asvaynkrit krishi ardhasitika akshayanivi akshapataladhyaksh akshapatal akrit akrisht akaradayin akarad agrahar agraharik adevamatrik adhyiy-manussanam niyog samaharta sali sakarukar sadbhag sachitt sabha-madhyam shulk shaulkik shasan roodhamarodhi ropan rajju rajakiy kshetr yogakshem yav mey masu moolavap mndapika mahatran bhootavatapratyay bhoomichchhidranyay bhoomask bhukti bhujyaman bhogayak bhogapati bhogagam bhog bhikshu hal bhikhkhuhalaparihar bhandagarik brahmadey bittuvatt bhadrabhog bhagadudh bhaikshak bijagan baraj phenaghat pustapal poorvavap pur pratikar pradesh pathak patit pindak pautavamh pattala parshv parru patak pallika pariharik parihar padonalaksh panyasnstha paribhog pnchakul nyay karnik nivartan vyamishr-bhoomi brihi vivita vittolakar vishamatta vilop vatthupati vatak vaset-kutambik varta varshikashasy varatra varaj viparyast viparyay vapi vapatiriktamh vap gatya langul roopajiva roopadarshak shastriy kala shastr astr shastr shastriy thana sootr svabhav savyasachi puny tithi jaynti sair rngashala tarani tarani jatak ghoshanapatr godhooli mahamaya vitan meharab sharkara gaz yatana shivir samanvayavad goshthi kachahari anamika (ungali) madhyama tarjani angootha nuqta kootasth smart kandara khana khanabadosh koshn upabhog upabhokta utpadan utpadak akhetak naugamy avasthit aur upasthit abhigy aur anabhigy afavah aur kinvadnti adhikansh aur adhikatar antarrashtriy aur antararashtriy anuvad adhyas sahodara sahodar dashalakshan dharm snyam janashruti paras rajamahal sudarshan anushthan kathauti kathauta baragir baragi bijana jugad kharal nal kashkol sadaqa chhinnak arani ap: valay tarng avashesh sakhi abhng abir shrring raka lokakatha akhada angahin bavali khndahar safar sarika antardhan daity vidhi yam (snyam) nivesh nam puchhattar bakhar tattho-thnbho bela goru asarait muda alagyojha dvij ambu pravrajya eehit eehamrig eeha eehag eesari eesar eesan ees eeshm eeshu eeshika eesha eeshana eeshad eeshath‌sprisht eeshat eeshvaropasana eeshvariy eeshvari eeshvaradhin eeshvaravadi eeshvar-vad eeshvar-pranidhan eeshitv eeshita eesha eeshata eeli eeli eel eershyalu eershya eershyak eershy eershu eershit eershalu eersha eershana eerit eeran eeramad eerakha eer eemanadari eemanadar eeman-kalyan eeman eepsu eepsit eepsa eeda trignbhir trigndhak trigng trikhi trikha trikh trikshur trikshar trikon-miti trikon-bhavan trikon-phal tri-koorchak trikoota trikoot gadh trikuti trikuta trikut trikaladarshi trikaladarshita trikal-darshak trikalgyta trikalgy trikal trikarshik trikay trika trikandiy eedrish eedi eetar eedh trikand eedy trik-shool eedit trikal eedan eethi trikarma trikarman trikatray eethana trikatuk trikatu trikat eejad trikakum eeja trikakud eechha tri-knt gyanad gyanachakshu gyanagochar gyanagamy gyan krit gyatrivy gyati putr gyati gyata gyatavy gyat yauvana gyat-nndan gyat gypti gyapit gyapan gypt gypan eechhan eekharaj trishansh tri eekh eekshit trinshatpatr eeksha eekshika trishat eekshan trishah eekshanik eekshak eekarant trahi indr savarni indr sabha indr varuni indr vadhoo indr vnsha indr yav indr mndal indr nil indr dhvaj indradhanushi indr jau indrajali indr jav indrachap indr gop eekar indr giri indr krisht eedh indrak eenta indriyavad eencha-tani indiralay indira-raman indira eenchana intaha intazar eestar intazam intaqal eesh manohari intaqam intakohara eesh-gaud intaee ingur eesh-giri ingudi eeth dravy kafan adrisht sadi grnth kalantar drishy tatavarti gntavy supachy paridrishy udagam talluq dar benami sauda apavah prayopavesh anushruti ang shabd sndarbh soochi alnkaran bhuv kinvadnti madhu vaikunth (bahuvikalpi) agni jin (bahuvikalpi) asndi mithak atma bhakt pradarsh pradar astik toran kanik kanika eshana ela upahasit unmatt unmukh udrek udot aja upashaman upasham eeti apoh anooru anuyog anuyojy nepathy nrimedh nirdisht nivritt nivritti nirvap nirvat nishkantak viplav nishk viplavi viplav chinty ajiv ajivak parapatr nikshepak nikshep dhrishtata dhrisht dhav akhilesh vitarkan vitark latta vitat kurng kunjar kalush dhatri vidya dhatriphal dhatri navami dhatri karni kapisha kanakhi karsh dript ark shamy sushravy dhriti sushrava ayut shishi dhrit sushthu sushrav apatr snvrit rnjan rnjak yoothika yoop yuti yashti lunchan lasy sasy samarchan sahik sukrit lalam binb banak bhasvar bhavy pranav achchhadit achchhadak achchhann janmandh vivart vivarn hapana hap vachy vak lav rochana rochan rechan rechak ruchira ruchir mukari (paheli) audichy aurvashey shala aurv sharika shari shakun amlan phurahari charvi agah chakanachoor shnku shaman sharabh shardool chokha chitra okha okh aindr phunagi agamy vahika vahik kshataj kshat ksharan kshar ghalana ghal bilalana bndhak jhilamila jhilam kshitij yatharthavad ookha yatharth ookh oogat khanak khan kanak laghavi laghavik laghavakari laghav kshiprahast chhak havi havy kanishthika sugat janant tush hriti hritadhikar drishti drishtarth drishtant drishtavad pratyakshavad pratyagatma kshiprakari kshipr hrit pratyakshar hrichchhool kheh pratyaksh drishtavat moolabhoot drishtaphal vayavi vayaviy kanishtha vayav kanishth maulik drisht dosh drishtakoot moolik drisht vishti nidagh harmy achyut punit tattv mukari anand yntr pad andhata sadhu yash snt diksha vidhu muramardan purushottam bhav pitambar har madhav chaturbhuj ugr upendr sthanu kratudhvnsin bharg nilalohit trilochan viroopaksh vamadev (shiv) shitakinth (shiv) shitakinth garudadhvaj girish govind suparn shrikanth kapardin pinaki mrityunjay mrid girish nagantak bhootesh shnkar sharv narayan maheshvar (shiv) vainatey shoolin pashupati tarkshy eesh muni vikat munindr vighnanashak sumukh lokajit garutmath marajit bhagavat tathagat dharmaraj sarvgy vinayak agadh ary arh alp ikshu ichchha asrav asy ahary akrand akarsh asooyak akshar oj prakarsh panth prakrit ekarth unnamr ujjrimbhan eeshan unnat ujjrimbh jayy jay nairujy jalp mand tej namaskar namrata namr prabhav arjav pratap akropolis antashchetana ant:karan agora atinootan yug anagami anal anagradnt ativriddhi adhihrishata (ailarji) anubndh anubhav anubhavavad anyathanupapatti anyathasiddhi apil abhiprerak albam arajakata amin ayam injil intar lingua

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