इमामबाड़ा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

imamabada - ka samany arth hai vah pavitr sthan ya bhavan jo vishesh roop se hazarat ali (hazarat muhammad ke damad) tatha unake beton, hasan aur husen, ke smarak ke roop men banaya jata hai. imamabadon men shiya snpraday ke musalamanon ki majalisen aur any dharmik samaroh hote hain. 'imam' musalamanon ke dharmik neta ko kahate hain. muslim janasadharan ka pathapradarshan karana, masjid men samoohik namaz ka agrani hona, khutba, padhana, dharmik niyamon ke siddhanton ki aspasht samasyaon ko sulajhana, vyavastha dena ityadi imam ke karttavy hain. islam ke do mukhy snpradayon men se 'shiya' ke hazarat muhammad ke bad param vndaniy imam uparyukt hazarat ali aur unake donon bete hue. ve virodhi dal se apane janmasiddh svatvon ke lie sngram karate hue balidan hue the. unaki punit smriti men shiya log har varsh muharram ke mahine men unake ghode 'duladul' ke pratik, ek vishesh ghode ki pooja karake aur un netaon ki yad karake bada shok manate hain tatha unake pratikasvaroop tajie banakar unaka juloos nikalate hain. ye tajie ya to karbala men gad die jate hain ya imamabadon men rakh die jate hain. isi avasar par imamabadon men un shahidon ki smriti men utsav kie jate hain.

bharat men sabase bade aur har drishti se prasiddh imamabade 18vin sadi men avadh ke navabon ne banavae the. inamen sarvottam tatha vishal imamabada husenabad ka hai jo apani bhavyata tatha vishalata men bharat men hi nahin, shayad snsar bhar men advitiy hai. is imamabade ko avadh ke chauthe navab vazir asaphuddaula ne 1784 ke ghor durbhiksh men du:khi, daridr janata ki raksha karane ke hetu banavaya tha. kaha jata hai, bahut se uchch gharanon ke logon ne bhi vesh badalakar is bhavan bananevale majooron men shamil hokar apane pranon ki raksha ki thi. asaphuddaula ki mrityu hone par use isi imamabade men daphanaya gaya tha.

vastushilp ki drishti se yah imamabada atynt uttam koti ka hai. tatkalin avadh ke vastu par, visheshataya avadh ke navabon ke bhavanon par yooropiy apabhrnshakal ke vastu ka aisa gahara prabhav pada tha ki sthapaty ke prakand pndit pharrgusan mahoday ne pray: in sab bhavanon ko sarvatha nikrisht, bhonda, aur kuroop batalaya hai. kintu 'imamabade' husenabad ko unhonne in smarakon men apavad mana hai aur usaki utkrisht tatha vilakshan nirmanavidhi evn dridhata ki mukt knth se prashnsa ki hai. adhunik bhavanon ki apeksha is imamabade ki akhndaniy dridhata ka praman us samay mila jab 1857 ke bharatiy svadhinata sngram ke dinon men panch mahine tak is bhavan par nirntar golabari hoti rahi aur usaki divaren goliyon se chhid gee, phir bhi us bhavan ko koee hani nahin pahunchi. usake samakalin tatha pichhe ke bhavanon ke bahut se bhag dharashayi ho chuke hain, par is mahakay bhavan ki ek eet bhi aj tak nahin hili hain. 1857 ee. ke bad vijayi angrejaeenn ne atynt nirdayata tatha nirlajjata se is imamabade ko bahut dinon tak sainik gola-barood-ghar ke taur par prayukt kiya, to bhi isaki koee hani nahin huee.

yah imamabada machchhibhavan ke andar sthit hai. isaka mukhy ang ek ati vishal mndap hai jo 162 phut lnba aur 53 phut 5 inch chauda hai. isake donon or baramade hain. inamen ek 26 phut 6 inch aur doosara 27 phut, 3 inch chauda hai. mndap ke donon tokon par ashtakon kamare hain jinamen pratyek ka vyas 53 phut hai. is prakar samooche bhavan ki lnbaee 268 phut aur chaudaee 106 phut 9 inch hai. parntu isaki sabase badi visheshata hai is mndap ka ekachhaj achchhadan ya chhat.[1]

yah atynt sthool chhat ek vichitr yukti se banaee gee hai aur apani dridhata ke karan aj tak nee ke saman vidyaman hai. eet gare ka ek bhari dhoola banakar usake oopar chhoti moti rodiyon aur choone ke masale ka kee phut mota ladav kar ek baras tak sookhane ke lie chhod diya gaya. jab sookhakar samoocha ladav ekajan hokar ek shila ke saman ho gaya, tab niche se dhoole ko nikal diya gaya. is chhat ke vishay men phargusan ka kahana hai ki samoochi chhat ek shila ke saman ho jane se, vah bina kisi bahari sahare athava dosahi (ebatament) ke, thahari huee hai aur nissndeh yah yoropiy gaaurthik chhaton ki apeksha, jo vastu ke niyamon par bani hain, adhik payedar hain. isaki visheshata yah bhi hai ki gaauthik chhaton se isaka nirman bahut sugam evn sasta hota hai, aur yah kisi bhi akar men dhali ja sakati hai. is imamabade par 10 lakh rupe vyay hue the. isake sthapati kiphayatulla ne navab ki is shart ko poora kiya ki yah bhavan snsar bhar men anupam ho.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 536 |
  2. sn.grn.-distrikt gajetiyar aauv lakhanoo; jaims phargusan: e histri aauv indiyan aind eestarn arkitekchar, khnd 2; enasaiklopidiya aauv islam.

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